Sustainable Energy
ISSN (Print): 2372-2134 ISSN (Online): 2372-2142 Website: Editor-in-chief: Apply for this position
Open Access
Journal Browser
Sustainable Energy. 2014, 2(3), 116-120
DOI: 10.12691/rse-2-3-6
Open AccessArticle

Low-Power Air Conditioning Technology with Cold Thermal Energy Storage

Leila Dehghan1, and Ahmad Fakhar1

1Department of Mechanical Engineering, Faculty of Engineering, Azad University of Kashan, Iran

Pub. Date: May 27, 2014

Cite this paper:
Leila Dehghan and Ahmad Fakhar. Low-Power Air Conditioning Technology with Cold Thermal Energy Storage. Sustainable Energy. 2014; 2(3):116-120. doi: 10.12691/rse-2-3-6


Air conditioning of buildings is responsible for a large percentage of the greenhouse and ozone depletion effect, as refrigerant harmful gases are released into the atmosphere from conventional cooling systems. The vapor compression refrigeration is one of the many refrigeration cycles and is the most widely used method for air-conditioning of buildings. On the other hand, solar thermal energy can be used to efficiently cool in the summer. Single, double or triple iterative absorption cooling cycles are used in different solar thermal cooling system designs. Absorption chillers operate with less noise and vibration than compressor-based chillers, but their capital costs are relatively high. In this study, a system is proposed as a combination of the aforementioned systems and the power consumption is minimized using cold thermal energy storage (CTES).

building cooling system cold thermal energy storage

Creative CommonsThis work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License. To view a copy of this license, visit


[1]  Helm, M., Keil, C., Hiebler, S., Mehling, H., & Schweigler, C. (2009). Solar heating and cooling system with absorption chiller and low temperature latent heat storage: energetic performance and operational experience. International journal of refrigeration, 32 (4), 596-606.
[2]  Safarik, M., & Weidner, G. (2004). Neue 15 kW H2O-LiBr Absorptionsk√§ lteanlage im Feldtest fur thermische Anwendungen. Tagungsband, 3, 159-171.
[3]  Florides, G. A., Kalogirou, S. A., Tassou, S. A., & Wrobel, L. C. (2002). Modelling and simulation of an absorption solar cooling system for Cyprus. Solar Energy, 72 (1), 43-51.
[4]  Florides, G. A., Kalogirou, S. A., Tassou, S. A., & Wrobel, L. C. (2002). Modelling, simulation and warming impact assessment of a domestic-size absorption solar cooling system. Applied Thermal Engineering, 22 (12), 1313-1325.
[5]  Fong, K. F., Chow, T. T., Lee, C. K., Lin, Z., & Chan, L. S. (2010). Comparative study of different solar cooling systems for buildings in subtropical city. Solar Energy, 84 (2), 227-244.
[6]  Tsoutsos, T., Aloumpi, E., Gkouskos, Z., & Karagiorgas, M. (2010). Design of a solar absorption cooling system in a Greek hospital. Energy and Buildings, 42 (2), 265-272.
[7]  Vidal, H., Colle, S., & Pereira, G. D. S. (2006). Modelling and hourly simulation of a solar ejector cooling system. Applied Thermal Engineering, 26 (7), 663-672.
[8]  Eicker, U., & Pietruschka, D. (2009). Design and performance of solar powered absorption cooling systems in office buildings. Energy and Buildings, 41 (1), 81-91.
[9]  Sparber, W., Napolitano, A., & Melograno, P. (2007, October). Overview on worldwide installed solar cooling systems. In 2nd International conference on Solar Air Conditioning.
[10]  Bong, T. Y., Ng, K. C., & Tay, A. O. (1987). Performance study of a solar-powered air-conditioning system. Solar Energy, 39 (3), 173-182.
[11]  Balghouthi, M., Chahbani, M. H., & Guizani, A. (2005). Solar powered air conditioning as a solution to reduce environmental pollution in Tunisia. Desalination, 185 (1), 105-110.
[12]  Dincer, I., & Rosen, M. A. (2011). Thermal Energy Storage: Systems and Applications. John Wiley & Sons.
[13]  Chinnappa, J. C. V., Crees, M. R., Srinivasa Murthy, S., & Srinivasan, K. (1993). Solar-assisted vapor compression/absorption cascaded air-conditioning systems. Solar Energy, 50 (5), 453-458.