Research in Psychology and Behavioral Sciences
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Research in Psychology and Behavioral Sciences. 2013, 1(4), 54-60
DOI: 10.12691/rpbs-1-4-2
Open AccessArticle

General Practitioners’ Perceptions of the New Cognitive Screening Tool for Older Drivers in South Australia

Lillian Mwanri1, , Carol Snellgrove2 and Ron Somers3

1Discipline of Public Health, School of Medicine, Faculty of Health Sciences, Flinders University, Adelaide, Australia

2Department of Anaesthesia and Pain Medicine, School of Medicine, Faculty of Health Sciences, Flinders University, Adelaide, Australia

3Epidemiology Branch, Health System Performance Division, South Australian Department for Health and Ageing, South Australia, Australia

Pub. Date: June 12, 2013

Cite this paper:
Lillian Mwanri, Carol Snellgrove and Ron Somers. General Practitioners’ Perceptions of the New Cognitive Screening Tool for Older Drivers in South Australia. Research in Psychology and Behavioral Sciences. 2013; 1(4):54-60. doi: 10.12691/rpbs-1-4-2

Abstract

Background: It is well acknowledged that older drivers with dementia have higher crash rates compared to controls. Doctors in South Australia are required to provide certification of medical fitness to drive for licence renewal of individuals aged 70+ years. Currently, there is no available instrument with adequate predictive validity similar to on-road driving test for older drivers. A new cognitive screening test known as ‘the Snellgrove Maze Task’ (SMT) was developed to assess driving capability in older drivers in South Australia. The aim of the current study was to assess General Practitioners’ perceptions of the use of Snellgrove Maze Test in practice. Methods: Ninety General practitioners (GPs) from South Australia were invited to participate in a trial SMT on older drivers for driving licence renewal. Fifty-two (57.7%) GPs responded and trialled 119 patients. Ethics approval for the study was granted by the Department of Health Human Research Ethics Committee. Informed consent was obtained from each individual patient. Results: Almost all (96%) respondents strongly and believed that they would use SMT. Both rural and metropolitan GPs were more likely to strongly agree that the tool was useful, and that it was acceptable by older driver patients. This agreement was statistically significant among GPs from rural areas (p=0.0000). Also GPs from across metropolitan and rural areas were more likely to strongly agree that they would use the tool. This assertion was statistically significant among GPs from both rural (p= 0.004) and metropolitan (p = 0.046) areas of South Australia. The need for GPs’ training and the promotion of SMT were identified as issues that needed to be addressed for effective use of SMT. Conclusion: The findings of the study indicated a high acceptability rate of SMTby GPs. Its introduction would offer doctors a means to objectively and consistently assess cognitive functions affecting the driving competency of older drivers. However, because SMT discriminates for cognitive domains specific for safe driving only, it would best be introduced as an adjunctive screening measure in the licence renewal process of older drivers.

Keywords:
general practitioners older drivers’ cognitive assessment the Snellgrove Maze Task South Australia

Creative CommonsThis work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License. To view a copy of this license, visit http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/

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