Physics and Materials Chemistry
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Physics and Materials Chemistry. 2014, 2(1), 25-29
DOI: 10.12691/pmc-2-1-5
Open AccessArticle

Physico-Chemical and Trace Element Levels in Water from Dams, Rivers and Boreholes in Gombe State, Nigeria

Maigari A. U.1, , Ekanem E. O.2, Garba I. H.2 and Maigari F.U.3

1Department of Chemistry, FCE(T), Gombe, Nigeria

2Chemistry programme, Abubakar Tafawa Balewa University, Bauchi, Nigeria

3Biochemistry Department, Gombe State University, Gombe, Nigeria

Pub. Date: December 25, 2014

Cite this paper:
Maigari A. U., Ekanem E. O., Garba I. H. and Maigari F.U.. Physico-Chemical and Trace Element Levels in Water from Dams, Rivers and Boreholes in Gombe State, Nigeria. Physics and Materials Chemistry. 2014; 2(1):25-29. doi: 10.12691/pmc-2-1-5

Abstract

The physico-chemical and trace element levels of water samples from Gombe Abba river, Dadinkowa dam, Balanga dam and boreholes from Kwadon used for drinking and irrigation in farms were analysed using complexometric method of analysis. In all the elements sampled, Nickel had the lowest concentration in all the sites sampled with a mean of 0.003±0.00 mg/l in Dadinkowa and Gombe Abba and 0.002±0.00 mg/l for Kwadon and Balanga dam.Copper had the highest concentrations in all the areas sampled with a mean of 0.61±0.32mg/l in Dadinkowa dam, 0.49±0.04mg/l in Gombe Abba river, 0.39±0.01mg/l for Kwadon and 0.30±0.01mg/l for Balanga dams respectively. The levels for the trace elements determined are in the order Cu>Pb>Cd>Ni for Dadinkowa and Gombe Abba while for Kwadon the order is Cu>Ni>Pb=Cd. For Balanga dam, the order is Cu>Cd>Ni>Pb. Statistical analysis using Kruskal-wallis showed no significant difference for all the elements sampled irrespective of location.

Keywords:
physicochemical trace elements complexometric dams rivers boreholes

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