Physics and Materials Chemistry
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Physics and Materials Chemistry. 2014, 2(1), 20-24
DOI: 10.12691/pmc-2-1-4
Open AccessArticle

Borosilicate Glass Containing Bismuth and Zinc Oxides as a Hot Cell Material for Gamma-Ray Shielding

H. A. Saudi1, , H. A. Sallam1 and K. Abdullah2

1Physics Department, Faculty of Science, Al-Azhar University, Girls Branch, Nasr City, Cairo, Egypt

22Physics Department, Faculty of Science, Al-Azhar University, boys Branch, Nasr City, Cairo, Egypt

Pub. Date: February 18, 2014

Cite this paper:
H. A. Saudi, H. A. Sallam and K. Abdullah. Borosilicate Glass Containing Bismuth and Zinc Oxides as a Hot Cell Material for Gamma-Ray Shielding. Physics and Materials Chemistry. 2014; 2(1):20-24. doi: 10.12691/pmc-2-1-4

Abstract

Gamma-ray attenuation coefficients (the half value layer parameters, gamma – ray shielding properties) for the x ZnO - (5−x) Bi2O3 -10 B2O3 -40 SiO2 (x = 0, 5, 10, 15 and 20) at 662, 1173 and 1332 keV photon energies have been determined experimentally, using a narrow beam transmission method, as well as theoretically using the ‘mixture rule’ and the ‘XCOM’ computer software. The molar volume and FTIR investigations have been used to study the structural properties of the glass system. Optical, UV-visible, absorption measurements were performed also to investigate the transmittance aimed to investigate the performance of the glass system for using as hot cells for shielding windows in nuclear technology.

Keywords:
borosilicate glasses FTIR measurements radiation shielding

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