Neuro-Ophthalmology & Visual Neuroscience
ISSN (Print): 2572-7257 ISSN (Online): 2572-7281 Website: http://www.sciepub.com/journal/novn Editor-in-chief: Carlo Aleci
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Neuro-Ophthalmology & Visual Neuroscience. 2015, 1(1), 27-36
DOI: 10.12691/novn-1-1-6
Open AccessArticle

On the Relationship between Ocular and Ventricular Fluid Dynamics. Advancing a Joint Classification and a Pilot Study in Patients Suffering from Nonocclusive Hydrocephalus

Carlo Aleci1, 2, , Carlo Mannone3 and Nicoletta Rebaudengo4

1The Gradenigo Hospital, Department of Ophthalmology, Turin, Italy

2The Neuro-Ophthalmology Center, University of Turin, Italy

3Medical Centre 50, Boulevard des belges, Lyon, France

4The Gradenigo Hospital, Department of Neurology, Turin, Italy

Pub. Date: May 03, 2015

Cite this paper:
Carlo Aleci, Carlo Mannone and Nicoletta Rebaudengo. On the Relationship between Ocular and Ventricular Fluid Dynamics. Advancing a Joint Classification and a Pilot Study in Patients Suffering from Nonocclusive Hydrocephalus. Neuro-Ophthalmology & Visual Neuroscience. 2015; 1(1):27-36. doi: 10.12691/novn-1-1-6

Abstract

Similarity in embryological development, anatomical and structural organization as well as chemical physical properties of organs and apparatus makes them common targets for specific pathological events. Such multi-involvement could well be the case of the cerebrospinal and aqueous circulatory systems, respectively in the brain ventricles and in the anterior and posterior chamber of the eye. After having described the resemblances in secretion, circulation, absorption and composition of the ventricular cerebrospinal fluid and of the ocular aqueous humor, a joint classification of their pathological involvement, namely hydrocephalus and glaucoma, is advanced. Finally, based on our preliminary results, morpho-functional alterations of the ventricular fluid dynamics leading to communicant hydrocephalus is suggested to affect to a certain extent the ocular hydrodynamics as well, predisposing the eye to ocular hypertension.

Keywords:
ventricles anterior chamber posterior chamber aqueous humor cerebrospinal fluid hydrocephalus glaucoma ocular hypertension

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