Neuro-Ophthalmology & Visual Neuroscience
ISSN (Print): 2572-7257 ISSN (Online): 2572-7281 Website: http://www.sciepub.com/journal/novn Editor-in-chief: Carlo Aleci
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Neuro-Ophthalmology & Visual Neuroscience. 2015, 1(1), 22-26
DOI: 10.12691/novn-1-1-5
Open AccessCase Report

Adverse Events Associated with Intraocular Injection of Anti-VEGF(bevacizumab) in Retinal Vein Occlusion: A Case Report

Elena Pacella1, Paolo Turchetti2, Marco Artico1, Carmen Domenica Piraino1, Antonella Mollicone1, Andrea Bottone1, Francesca Romana Parisiella3 and Fernanda Pacella1,

1Department of Sense Organs, Faculty of Medicine and Dentistry, Sapienza University of Rome, Italy

2National Institute for Health, Migration and Poverty (INMP/NIHMP), Rome, Italy

3Towson University, Baltimore, USA

Pub. Date: April 02, 2015

Cite this paper:
Elena Pacella, Paolo Turchetti, Marco Artico, Carmen Domenica Piraino, Antonella Mollicone, Andrea Bottone, Francesca Romana Parisiella and Fernanda Pacella. Adverse Events Associated with Intraocular Injection of Anti-VEGF(bevacizumab) in Retinal Vein Occlusion: A Case Report. Neuro-Ophthalmology & Visual Neuroscience. 2015; 1(1):22-26. doi: 10.12691/novn-1-1-5

Abstract

Introduction: Antiangiogenic agents are often administered for treatment of Branch Retinal Vein Occlusion (BRVO). Among them, Bevacizumab has noticeable antiangiogenic and antiedemigenic properties and possesses great capacity to penetrate the retinal tissue, particularly in pathological circumstances characterized by altered external or internal blood-retinal barrier.Bevacizumab has an optimal bio-efficacy based on inhibition of the activity of Vascular Endothelial Growth Factor (VEGF). Nonetheless, despite its efficacy, here we describe the adverse effects associated with intraocular injection of bevacizumab in a patient affected by retinal vein occlusion. Case presentation: We present a case report of an 11-year old Caucasian malesubject affected by BRVO in his left eye. The patient underwent an intra-vitreal (i.v.) injection of bevacizumab 100 (1.25 mg/0.05ml). After that, the patient was monitored over time through a series of analyses including Ocular Coherence Tomography, Fluorangiography, Bulbar Ultrasound, Angio MRI BCVA scores and Intra Ocular Pressure. Results: Immediately after the i.v. injection, the patient experienced a strong and relentless pain radiating from the left ocular orbit, caused by a serious and unexpected malignant glaucoma and phthisis bulbi. Furthermore, the patient did not show any sign of improvement in visual function in the follow-up and at last required an ophthalmic prosthesisas a result of a sub-atrophic and hypotonic eyeball. Conclusion: This case report suggests that i.v. injections of anti-VEGFs should be considered with caution when treating central and branch vein occlusion, and are not free of complications in certain clinical cases.

Keywords:
retinal vein and vascular occlusion macular edema intravitreal anti-VEGF malignant glaucoma

Creative CommonsThis work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License. To view a copy of this license, visit http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/

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