Neuro-Ophthalmology & Visual Neuroscience
ISSN (Print): 2572-7257 ISSN (Online): 2572-7281 Website: http://www.sciepub.com/journal/novn Editor-in-chief: Carlo Aleci
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Neuro-Ophthalmology & Visual Neuroscience. 2015, 1(1), 1-7
DOI: 10.12691/novn-1-1-1
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A Study Showing Influence of Autonomic Nervous Activity and Meditation on Intra-Ocular Pressure

Mittal Sanjeev K.umar1, , Mittal Sunita2, Verma Punam2, Deepak Desh3, Jain Nidhi2 and Garg Neeru2

1Ophthalmology, Shri Guru Ram Rai Institute of Medical & Health Sciences, Dehradun, Uttarakhand, India

2Physiology, Shri Guru Ram Rai Institute of Medical & Health Sciences, Dehradun, Uttarakhand, India

3Physiology, Veer Chandra Singh Garhwali Government Medical College, Shrinagar, Uttarakhand, India

Pub. Date: April 07, 2014

Cite this paper:
Mittal Sanjeev K.umar, Mittal Sunita, Verma Punam, Deepak Desh, Jain Nidhi and Garg Neeru. A Study Showing Influence of Autonomic Nervous Activity and Meditation on Intra-Ocular Pressure. Neuro-Ophthalmology & Visual Neuroscience. 2015; 1(1):1-7. doi: 10.12691/novn-1-1-1

Abstract

Purpose: Maintenance of normal intra-ocular pressure (IOP) involves aqueous humour dynamics at several steps, like active secretion of aqueous humour by ciliary body, its flow along pupillary area and ultimately its drainage through trabecular meshwork, schelemm’s canal and collector channels. Almost each of these steps is influenced by autonomic activity (sympathetic and parasympathetic). This autonomic activity, which is otherwise not under voluntary control, can be modified with the help of meditation. Meditation is said to be ‘a wakeful hypo metabolic state of parasympathetic dominance’. The present study is aimed to assess the influence of meditation on autonomic activity and intra-ocular pressure so that a regular regime of meditation may be recommended in Glaucoma prone persons or combined with the Glaucoma treatment. Methods: The study was carried out on 40 healthy non-meditator male subjects and 20 healthy meditator male subjects of the age 40-50 years who have been performing regular meditation for at least 5 years. Their IOP was recorded in each eye. All these subjects were catagorized into 3 groups based upon 2 criteria, viz. non meditators versus meditators and secondly, normal IOP versus border line IOP amongst non meditators. Thus 3 groups were formed, viz. Group A: 20 Non-meditator persons with normal IOP Group B: 20 Non-meditators who had borderline IOP Group C: 20 Meditators who had normal IOP Subsequently a battery of tests were undertaken to assess autonomic activity in all the groups after seeking their consent and making them familiar with the tests. Results: The values observed in different tests in meditator group (Group C) showed parasympathetic dominance and blunted sympathetic drive in comparison to both subgroups of non-meditators (Group 1 & Group 2). Conclusions: This study can help us in clinical practice by this fact that regular meditation in ‘glaucoma suspect’ & ‘ocular hypertensive’ patients can bring down IOP due to improved parasympathetic tone and reduced sympathetic tone.

Keywords:
autonomic test meditators glaucoma intra-ocular pressure sympathetic tone parasympathetic drive

Creative CommonsThis work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License. To view a copy of this license, visit http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/

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