Materials Science and Metallurgy Engineering
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Materials Science and Metallurgy Engineering. 2014, 2(1), 5-10
DOI: 10.12691/msme-2-1-2
Open AccessArticle

Kinetics of Leaching of Iron Oxide in Clay in Oxalic Acid and in Hydrochloric Acid Solutions

U K Sultana1, Fahmida Gulshan1 and A S W Kurny1,

1Department of Materials and Metallurgical Engineering, Bangladesh University of Engineering and Technology, Dhaka, Bangladesh

Pub. Date: February 11, 2014

Cite this paper:
U K Sultana, Fahmida Gulshan and A S W Kurny. Kinetics of Leaching of Iron Oxide in Clay in Oxalic Acid and in Hydrochloric Acid Solutions. Materials Science and Metallurgy Engineering. 2014; 2(1):5-10. doi: 10.12691/msme-2-1-2

Abstract

Iron oxide in samples of clay containing 8.15% iron oxide was leached in aqueous oxalic acid and hydrochloric acid solutions. Leaching experiments were conducted in the temperature range of 40–80°C for times up to 90 minutes in 0.2 M to 2 M acid solutions. The mixed kinetic mechanism seemed to be the most appropriate model to fit the kinetic data of leaching in oxalic acid while product layer diffusion controlled reaction model seemed to be the most appropriate one for leaching in hydrochloric acid. The Arrhenius activation energy for leaching in oxalic acid was found to be 41.035 kJ/mole while that for hydrochloric acid was 50.82 kJ/mole.

Keywords:
clay washing iron oxide leaching oxalic acid hydrochloric acid kinetic model activation energy

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