Materials Science and Metallurgy Engineering
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Materials Science and Metallurgy Engineering. 2013, 1(2), 42-49
DOI: 10.12691/msme-1-2-6
Open AccessArticle

Reliability Level of Pb-Sb-Cu Alloy Electrical Resistance Dependence on Its Melting Temperature and Copper Input Concentration

C. I. Nwoye1, , A. O. Agbo2, C. C. Nwogbu3, S. Neife4 and E. M. Ameh2

1Department of Metallurgical and Materials Engineering, Nnamdi Azikiwe University, Awka, Nigeria

2Department of Metallurgical and Materials Engineering, Enugu State University of Science & Technology, Enugu, Nigeria

3Science Technical Vocation Schools Management Board, Enugu, Nigeria

4Department of Metallurgical and Materials Engineering, University of Nigeria Nsukka, Nigeria

Pub. Date: December 09, 2013

Cite this paper:
C. I. Nwoye, A. O. Agbo, C. C. Nwogbu, S. Neife and E. M. Ameh. Reliability Level of Pb-Sb-Cu Alloy Electrical Resistance Dependence on Its Melting Temperature and Copper Input Concentration. Materials Science and Metallurgy Engineering. 2013; 1(2):42-49. doi: 10.12691/msme-1-2-6

Abstract

This paper assesses the reliability level of Pb-Sb-Cu alloy electrical resistance dependence on its melting temperature and copper input concentration. The alloy was cast by pouring a stirred mixture of heated Pb-Sb alloy and powdered copper into a sand mould and then furnace cooled. Results of electrical test carried out indicate that the electrical resistance of the Pb-Sb-Cu alloy decreases with increase in the melting temperature of the Pb-Sb-Cu alloy. This invariably implied decrease in the electrical resistivity of the alloy. Increased copper addition (0.99-8.26 wt%) to the base alloy (Pb-Sb) also correspondingly decreased the electrical resistance. The experimental results were complement by results generated using a derived model. The validity of the two-factorial derived model expressed as: ξ = - 0.1248ɤ - 0.0398ϑ + 66.615 was rooted on the expression ξ - 66.615 = - 0.1248ɤ - 0.0398ϑ where both sides of the expression are correspondingly approximately equal. Statistical analysis of the experiment, derived model & regression model-predicted results shows that the standard errors incurred in predicting the Pb-Sb-Cu alloy electrical resistance for each value of the melting temperature and copper input were 0.1247, 0.1722 & 3.517 x 10-5 % and 0.4276, 0.1797 & 0.3593 % respectively. Evaluations indicate that Pb-Sb-Cu alloy electrical resistance per unit rise in the melting temperature and copper mass-input as obtained from experiment, derived model & regression model-predicted results were 0.2507, 0.2309 & 0.2496 Ω /°C and 0.094, 0.0866 & 0.0936 Ω / g respectively. Deviational analysis indicated that the maximum deviation of derived model-predicted electrical resistance from the experimental results was less than 3%. This translated into over 97% operational confidence and reliability level for the derived model and over 0.97 reliability coefficient for the Pb-Sb-Cu alloy electrical resistance dependence on the alloy melting temperature and copper input concentration.

Keywords:
reliability level assessment Pb-Sb-Cu alloy electrical resistance melting temperature copper input concentration

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