American Journal of Materials Engineering and Technology
ISSN (Print): 2333-8903 ISSN (Online): 2333-8911 Website: http://www.sciepub.com/journal/materials Editor-in-chief: Serge Samper
Open Access
Journal Browser
Go
American Journal of Materials Engineering and Technology. 2016, 4(1), 1-5
DOI: 10.12691/materials-4-1-1
Open AccessArticle

Experimental Investigation on Surface Finish during Turning of Aluminum under Dry and Minimum Quantity Lubrication Machining Conditions

A Hemaid1, Tarik Tawfeek1, and A. A. Ibrahim1

1Mechanical Engineering Department, Faculty of Engineering, Benha University, Cairo, Egypt

Pub. Date: January 29, 2016

Cite this paper:
A Hemaid, Tarik Tawfeek and A. A. Ibrahim. Experimental Investigation on Surface Finish during Turning of Aluminum under Dry and Minimum Quantity Lubrication Machining Conditions. American Journal of Materials Engineering and Technology. 2016; 4(1):1-5. doi: 10.12691/materials-4-1-1

Abstract

In the last decades, light materials, such as aluminum, are increasing their use in wide range ‎of industrial applications. The growing use of aluminum encourages the study of its use under ‎different production processes. In this sense, the present study shows an experimental investigation in turning of aluminum, with the use of dry and minimum quantity lubrication (MQL) system. To evaluate turning process, continuous bars was used. The process is evaluated taking the surface roughness as response variable. The cutting conditions include feed rate, cutting speed and the coolant flow rate. The work-piece material and its size, the cutting tool (HSS) and the depth of cut were kept constant for the study. It has been observed that a small amount of supply of coolant at the point of cutting, largely improves the surface finish. In many cases further amount of coolant administration has very little effect on the surface quality. Thus Minimum Quantity Lubrication (MQL) can achieve the required surface quality eliminating the problems of flood cooling.

Keywords:
turning coolant aluminum surface roughness

Creative CommonsThis work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License. To view a copy of this license, visit http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/

Figures

Figure of 12

References:

[1]  Nourredine Boubekri and Vasim Shaikh, “Minimum Quantity Lubrication (MQL) in Machining: Benefits and Drawbacks,” Journal of Industrial and Intelligent Information, Vol. 3, No. 3, , 2015, 205-209.
 
[2]  Vishal S. Sharma, Manu Dogra, N.M. Suri, International Journal of Machine Tools and Manufacture, Volume 49, Issue 6, May 2009, Pages 435-453.
 
[3]  Kuan-Ming Li and Steven Y. Liang George W. Woodruff School of Mechanical Engineering, Georgia Institute of Technology,” Minimum Quantity Lubrication in Machining”, Atlanta, GA 30332-0405, USA, 2006.
 
[4]  Thanhtrung Dang1, Thanhnghia Nguyen2 and Tronghieu Nguyen1”An Experimenatl Study on Heat Transfer Behaviors of A Welded - Aluminum Minichannel Heat Exchanger”, International Journal of Computational Engineering Research (IJCER), Vol, 05, February 2015, 39-45.
 
[5]  Ranganath M S, Vipin, R S Mishra,”Optimization of Surface Roughness and Material Removal Rate on Conventional Dry Turning of Aluminium” International Journal of Advance Research and Innovation Volume 1, 2014, 62-71.
 
[6]  H. Yanda, J. A. Ghani, M. N. A. M. Rodzi, K. Othman, C.H.C. Haron, “Optimization of Material Removal Rate, Surface Roughness and Tool Life on Conventional Dry Turning Of FCD700”, International Journal of Mechanical and Materials Engineering, 5(2), 2010, 182-190.
 
[7]  Klocke, F., Eisenblatter, G., “Dry Cutting” Annals of the CIRP, 46 (2), 1997, 519-526.
 
[8]  MaClure, T. F., Adams, R. and Gugger, M. D, Comparison of Flood vs. Micro lubrication on Machining Performance, website: http://www.unist.com/techsolve.html, 2001.
 
[9]  Brockhoff, T. and Walter, A., “Fluid Minimization in Cutting and Grinding”. Abrasives, October 1998. 38-42.
 
[10]  Aronson, R. B. “Why Dry Machining”, Manufacturing Engineering, , January 1995, 33-36.
 
[11]  U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, Occupational Exposure to Metalworking Fluids, NIOSH Publication, January 1998, 98-102.
 
[12]  R. A. Patil1, V. D. Shinde2, H. V. Shete3, Prof. S. P. Nevagi, “Effect of high pressure coolant on surface finish in turning operation”. International Journal of Innovative Research in Science, Engineering and Technology, Volume 2, Issue 7, July 2013, 3182-3189.