American Journal of Marine Science
ISSN (Print): ISSN Pending ISSN (Online): ISSN Pending Website: http://www.sciepub.com/journal/marine Editor-in-chief: Apply for this position
Open Access
Journal Browser
Go
American Journal of Marine Science. 2014, 2(3), 63-66
DOI: 10.12691/marine-2-3-4
Open AccessArticle

Impact of the Tropical Cyclonic Storm ‘Hudhud’ on Northeast Coastal Waters of Visakhapatnam

K. Ramesh Babu1, T. Joseph Uday Ranjan1, , K. V. Siva Reddy1 and M. Ratna Raju2

1Department of Marine Living Resources, Andhra University, Visakhapatnam, Andhra Pradesh, India

2Department of Zoology, Andhra University, Visakhapatnam, Andhra Pradesh, India

Pub. Date: December 30, 2014

Cite this paper:
K. Ramesh Babu, T. Joseph Uday Ranjan, K. V. Siva Reddy and M. Ratna Raju. Impact of the Tropical Cyclonic Storm ‘Hudhud’ on Northeast Coastal Waters of Visakhapatnam. American Journal of Marine Science. 2014; 2(3):63-66. doi: 10.12691/marine-2-3-4

Abstract

Large-scale tropical cyclones, such as tropical storms and hurricanes, can generate both short and long-term disturbances in estuarine systems. The main objective of the present study was to explore and elevate the impact of Hudhud cyclone at three stations of coastal waters along the coast of Visakhapatnam. The physicochemical characteristics of the coastal water vary with pre and post Hudhud cyclone phase. Significant fluctuations were noticed among the hydrographical parameters like salinity, dissolved oxygen, chemical oxygen demand and along with that inorganic nutrients were also enriched during post cyclone event. Collectively, these results demonstrate that storm water runoff from the domestic and sewage drains negatively impacts coastal water quality, both in the surf zone and offshore. However, the extent of this impact and its human health significance is influenced by numerous factors, including prevailing ocean currents, within-plume processing of particles and pathogens and the timing, magnitude and nature of runoff discharged from river outlets over the course of a storm.

Keywords:
chemical oxygen demand dissolved oxygen Hudhud salinity tropical cyclone

Creative CommonsThis work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License. To view a copy of this license, visit http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/

Figures

Figure of 2

References:

[1]  Chittibabu, P., Dube, S.K., MacNabb, J.B., Murty, T.S., Rao, A.D., Sinha, P.C., “Mitigation of flooding and cyclone hazard in Orissa, India”. Natural Hazards 31: 455-485. 2004.
 
[2]  Rao, D., Chittibabu, P., Murty, T. S., Dube, S. K., Mohanty, U. C., “Vulnerability from storm surges and cyclone wind fields on the coast of Andhra Pradesh, India”. Natural Hazards 41: 515-529. 2007.
 
[3]  Umamaheshwar Rao, M., and Sreeramulu, T., “An ecological study of some intertidal algae of the Visakhapatnam coast”. Journal of Ecology, 52: 595-616. 1964.
 
[4]  Prasanna Laksmi and Narsimha Rao, G.M., “Some numerical studies on marine algae of Visakhapatnam coast”. Journal of Algal Biomass Utln., 1 (1): 60-85. 2009.
 
[5]  http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Cyclone_Hudhud; http://www.apsdps.ap.gov.in/HUDHUD/Hudhud_Report.pdf.
 
[6]  Paul, S., Chakraborty A., Pandey, P. C., Bose, S., Satsangi, S. K., Ravichandaran, M., “Numerical simulation of Bay of Bengal circulation features from Ocean General Circulation Model (OGCM)”, Marine Geology, 32, 1-8. 2009.
 
[7]  McKinnon, A. D., Meekan, M. G., Carleton, J. H., Fumas, M.J., Duggan, S., Skirving, W., “Rapid changes in shelf waters and pelagic communities on the southern Northwest Shelf, Australia, following a tropical cyclone”, Continental shelf Research, 23, 93-111. 2003.
 
[8]  Subhashree Sahoo, Baliarsingh, S. K., Aneesh, A. Lotliker, Sahu, K. C., “Imprint of cyclone Phailin on water quality of Chilika lagoon”. Current Science, 107, 9-10. 2004.
 
[9]  Ajay Debnath, “Condition of Agricultural Productivity of Gosaba C.D. Block, South24 Parganas, West Bengal, India after Severe Cyclone Aila”. International Journal of Scientific and Research Publications, Volume 3, Issue 7. 2013.
 
[10]  Bhaskar Deb Bhattacharya, Asokkumar Bhattacharya, Dibyendu Rakshit and Santosh Kumar Sarkar, “Impact of the tropical cyclonic storm ‘Aila’ on the water quality characteristics and mesozooplankton community structure of Sundarban mangrove wetland”. Indian Journal of Geo-Marine, 43 (2), 216-223. 2014.
 
[11]  American Public Health Association (APHA), Standard Methods for the Examinations of Water and Wastewater. 19th edition. American Public Health Association, Washington DC, USA. 1995.
 
[12]  Sundaramanickam, A., Sivakumar, T., Kumaran, R., Ammaiappan, V. and Vellapan, R., “A comparative study of physicochemical investigation along Parangipettai and Cuddalure coast”. Journal of Env. Sci. and Technol., 1 (1): 1-10. 2008.
 
[13]  Arthur, R., “Coral bleaching and mortality in three Indian reef regions during an El Nino southern oscillation event”. Current Science, 79: 12. 2000.
 
[14]  McLusky, D.S., “Some effects of salinity on the mud-dwelling euryhaline amphipod Corophium volutator, Vie milieu, 22: 135-143. 1971.
 
[15]  Ganapati, P.N. and Murthy, “Salinity and temperature variations of the surface waters of Visakhapatnam coast”. In: Andhra Univ. Mem. Ocenogr., 1: 125-142. 1954.
 
[16]  Shephered, J. and Bromage, N., “Intensive Fish Farming”, Oxford Blackwell Scientific Publications, London. 1992.
 
[17]  Zingde, M. D. and Desai, B. N., “Pollution status of estuaries in Gujarat-An overview. Contribution in Marine Science-Dr. Qasim S. Z. Fel S. Vol. ed.: Rao, T. S. S., Natarajan, R., Desai, B. N., Narayanswamy, G., Bhat, S. R., NIO publ. 245-268. 1987.
 
[18]  Smith, K. A. and Otway, N. M., “Spatial and temporal patterns of abundance and effects of disturbance on under-boulder chitons”, Molluscan Research, 18: 43-57.1997.
 
[19]  GAO Xuelu, SONG Jinming, LI Ning, LI Xuegang, “Spatial distribution and diurnal variation of chemical oxygen demand at the beginning of the rainy season in the Changjiang (Yangtze) River Estuary”, Chinese Journal of Oceanology and Limnology, 25 (3): 254-260. 2007.
 
[20]  Reddy, H. R. V., Katti, R. J., Raveesha, K.P., Chandrasekhara, V. S. J., Babu, R. S. N., “Coastal water quality of Dakshina Kannada before and after Tsunami”, Current Science, 88, 1026-1027. 2005.
 
[21]  Satpathy, K. K., Mohanty, A. K., Natesan, U., Prasad, M. V. R., Sarkar, S. K., “Seasonal variation in physicochemical properties of coastal waters of Kalpakkam, east coast of India with special emphasis on nutrients”, Environmental Monitoring and Assessment.
 
[22]  Khaiwal, R., Ameena, M., Rani, M., Kaushik, A., “Seasonal variations in physicochemical characteristics of river Yamuna in Haryana and its ecological best-desiganted use”, Journal of Environmental Monitoring, 5, 419-426. 2003.
 
[23]  Chandran, R., Ramamurthy, K., “Hydrobiological studies in the gradient zone of Vellar estuary-I: physico-chemical parameters”, Mahasagar Bulletin, 17, 69-77. 1984.
 
[24]  Harley, C. D. G., Hughes, A. R., Hultgren, K. M., Miner, B. G., Sorte, C. J. B., Thornber, C. S., Rodriguez, L. F., Tomanek, L. and Williams, S. L, “The impacts of climate change in coastal marine systems”, Ecology Letters 9 (2): 228-241. 2006.