American Journal of Marine Science
ISSN (Print): ISSN Pending ISSN (Online): ISSN Pending Website: http://www.sciepub.com/journal/marine Editor-in-chief: Apply for this position
Open Access
Journal Browser
Go
American Journal of Marine Science. 2014, 2(2), 43-46
DOI: 10.12691/marine-2-2-3
Open AccessArticle

Water and Sediment Quality Assesment of Poonthura Backwater in the Southwest Coast of India

Leena Grace Beslin1,

1Department of Biotechnology, Vinayaka Missions University, Salem, India

Pub. Date: October 28, 2014

Cite this paper:
Leena Grace Beslin. Water and Sediment Quality Assesment of Poonthura Backwater in the Southwest Coast of India. American Journal of Marine Science. 2014; 2(2):43-46. doi: 10.12691/marine-2-2-3

Abstract

The fate and effect of different pollutants entering into the estuaries can be obtained from the existing physico-chemical parameters and it is worthwhile to acquire the hydrographical features of the estuaries at different seasons. This determines the tropic dynamics of the water body. The present study has been made to detail the hydro-geo dynamics of Poonthura estuary. Sewage and retting materials were the main sources of Poonthura estuary. The physico-chemical parameters analyzed include temperature, pH, salinity and alkalinity and dissolved oxygen. The toxic gases hydrogen sulphide, ammonia nitrogen and nutrients viz. nitrite-nitrogen, phosphate phosphorous and silicate-silicon of water samples and the sediment parameters viz. organic carbon, total nitrogen, total phosphorus. From the present study the parameters which are unsuitable for the healthy environment increases during premonsoon due to concentration of pollutants. The winter season showed fewer nutrients with normal level of dissolved oxygen.

Keywords:
backwater Poonthura sediment nutrients and pollution

Creative CommonsThis work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License. To view a copy of this license, visit http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/

References:

[1]  Ami G. and Arvind S. 2014. Water Quality Index of Mahi River, Vadodara, Gujarat. International Journal of Engineering Development and Research, 2(3): 3214-19.
 
[2]  Arockia Gaspar D.T.and Lakshman G. 2014. Water Quality Parameters of Thamirabarani Estuary. International Journal of Advanced Research, 2(4): 380-386.
 
[3]  Behera B.C., Mishra R.R., Patra J.K., Dutta S.K. and Thatoi H.N. 2014. Physico Chemical Properties of Water Sample Collected From Mangrove Ecosystem of Mahanadi River Delta, Odisha, India American Journal of Marine Science, 2(1): 19-24.
 
[4]  Chahuan R. and Ramanathan A.L. 2008. Evaluation of water quality of Bhitarakaika mangrove ecosystem, Orissa, East coast of India. Indian Journal of Marine Science, 37: 153-158.
 
[5]  Chapman P.M and Wang Feiyue, 2001. Assessing sediment contamination in estuaries. Environ. Toxicol. Chem., 20(1): 3-22.
 
[6]  Grasshoff K., Ehrhardt M. and Kremling K. 1983. Methods of sea water analysis; II edition, Verlag. Chemie. 419pp.
 
[7]  Khalil S. and Nida A. 2014. An efficient method for assessing water Quality based on bayesian belief networks. International Journal on Soft Computing, 5(2): 21-32.
 
[8]  Lawrence B. 2010. Eutrophication status of Thamirabarani River at Kuzhithurai, Journal of Basic and Applied Science, 4(3): 168-173.
 
[9]  Lawson E.O. 2011. Physico-chemical parameters and heavy metal contents of water from the mangroves swamps of logos lagoon, logos, Nigeria, Advances in biological research, 5(1)08-21.
 
[10]  Mc Comb A.J. Qiu S., Lukatelieh R.J. and Auliffe T.F. 1995. Spatial and temporal heterogeneity of sediment phosphorus in the peel Harvey estuarine system. Estuar Coast Shelf Sci., 47 (5): 561-577.
 
[11]  Menon N.N. Balchand A.N. and Menon N. R. 2000. Hydrobiology of the Cochin backwater system – a review. Hydrobiologia, 430(1-3): 149-183.
 
[12]  Mishra R.R. Rath B. and Thatoi H.N., 2008. Water quality assessment of aquaculture ponds located in Bhitarakanika mangrove ecosystem, Orissa, India. Turkish Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Science, 8: 71-77.
 
[13]  Padma S. and Periakali, 1999. Physico-chemical and geochemical studies in Pulicat lake, east coast of India. Indian J. Mar. Sci., 28: 434-437.
 
[14]  Padmavathi D. and Satyanarayana D. 1999. Distribution of nutrients and major elements in river line, estuarine and adjoining coastal waters of Godavari, Bay of Bengal. Indian J. Mar. Sci., 28: 345-354.
 
[15]  Prasanna and Ranjan, 2010. Physico Chemical Properties of Water collected from Dhamra Estuary, International Journal of Environmental Science, 1(3): 334-341.
 
[16]  Reddy H.R.V. and Hariharan V. 1985. Physico-chemical parameters of Netravathi-Gurupur Estuary, Mangalore. Environ. Ecol., 3(4): 530-534.
 
[17]  Saravanakumar A. Rajkumar M. Sesh Serebiah J. and Thivakaran G.A. 2008. Seasonal variation in physicochemical characteristics of water, sediment and soil texture in arid zone mangroves of Kachchh-Gujarat. Journal of Environmental Biology, 29 (5): 725-732.
 
[18]  Satheeshkumar P. and Anisa Khan B. 2009. Seasonal Variation of Physico Chemical Parameters of water and Sediment characteristic of Pondicherry Mangroves. African Journal of Basic And applied Science, 1(1-2): 36-43.
 
[19]  Soundarapandian P. Premkumar T. and Dinakaran G.K. 2009. Studies on the Physico- chemical Characteristic and Nutrients in the Uppanar Estuary of Cuddalore, South East Coast of India. Curr. Res. J. Biol. Sci., 1(3): 102-105.
 
[20]  Trivedy P.K. and Goel P.K. 1986. Chemical and biological methods for water pollution studies, Series in Methodology, Environmental Publications, Karad, 220pp.