Journal of Sociology and Anthropology
ISSN (Print): ISSN Pending ISSN (Online): ISSN Pending Website: http://www.sciepub.com/journal/jsa Editor-in-chief: Apply for this position
Open Access
Journal Browser
Go
Journal of Sociology and Anthropology. 2018, 2(2), 69-76
DOI: 10.12691/jsa-2-2-5
Open AccessArticle

Socio-Ecology of Textile Industry in Bangladesh

Md. Redwanur Rahman1, , Md. Razib Ahsan1, Modan Mohan Dey2, Md. Yeamin Ali1, Md. Atiqur Rahman1 and Md. Azibar Rahman3

1Institute of Environmental Science, University of Rajshahi, Rajshahi, Bangladesh

2Department of Accounting and Information System, University of Rajshahi, Rajshahi, Bangladesh

3Shalua Degree College, Charghat, Rajshahi, Bangladesh

Pub. Date: October 07, 2018

Cite this paper:
Md. Redwanur Rahman, Md. Razib Ahsan, Modan Mohan Dey, Md. Yeamin Ali, Md. Atiqur Rahman and Md. Azibar Rahman. Socio-Ecology of Textile Industry in Bangladesh. Journal of Sociology and Anthropology. 2018; 2(2):69-76. doi: 10.12691/jsa-2-2-5

Abstract

The garment sector represents the 80% of the national export and counts USD 19 billion revenues; these numbers describe the sector as the most important manufacturing industry in Bangladesh. The social contribution by some selected sample mills was 0.813% of total net profit. It is also found that social responsibilities of sample mills regarding the payment of wages were not satisfactory. 53.33% of total sample mills pay minimum wages of Tk. 3000 to 3500 and none pays above Tk. 4000 per month during the study period for their workers. The minimum wages were not sufficient for the workers to maintain standard of livings as per market price and cost of living. This fosters labor unrest and unpleasant social, ecological and economic condition. It is also observed that 82% of the total workers regarded cotton and fabric dust as the principal reasons behind major health problems. 44.66% of them claimed the huge sound menace, 29.33% of them defined dyeing effluent as major causes of health problems, 19.33% of total respondents claimed the lack of pure drinking water and 19.33% of them claimed the inadequate number of latrines as the principal reasons of occupational health hazards. According to the stakeholder’s opinion about sample mills’ responsibility toward consumers, it is found that 42% of total stakeholders opined that textile business discharged minimum responsibility and 20% of them told that they did not perform any responsibility to the consumers in Bangladesh. The present study was also observed the level of occupational stress, mental health as well as associated factors in the textile industries.

Keywords:
social mental psychological ecological responsibility textile industry Bangladesh

Creative CommonsThis work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License. To view a copy of this license, visit http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/

References:

[1]  Rivoli, P., The travels of a t-shirt in the global economy: An economist examines the markets, power, and politics of world trade. New preface and epilogue with updates on economic issues and main characters. John Wiley & Sons, 2014.
 
[2]  Bangladesh Textile Mills Association (BTMA), Annuall Report. WWW. btmadhaka.com, 2011, 19-27.
 
[3]  Gereffi, G., International trade and industrial upgrading in the apparel commodity chain. Journal of international economics, 48(1). 37-70. 1999.
 
[4]  Dahlman, C. Technology, globalization, and international competitiveness: Challenges for developing countries. asdf, 2007, 29.
 
[5]  Szewczyk, M. Corporate Social Responsibility in the Textile and Apparel Industry: Barriers and Challenges, Journal of Corporate Responsibility and Leadership Contemporary Challenges in Corporate Social Responsibility, 3(4). 67-81. 2016.
 
[6]  Davis, K. and Frederic, W. C. Business and Society: Management, Public Policy, Ethics. New York: McGraw-Hill Inc, 1984.
 
[7]  Rahman. Globalization, Environmental Crisis and Social Change in Bangladesh: (Dhaka: Bangladesh: The University Press Limited,), 2003, 05-08 & 164-243.
 
[8]  Fehr, E., & Gächter, S. Fairness and retaliation: The economics of reciprocity. Journal of economic perspectives, 14(3). 159-181. 2000.
 
[9]  Grant, R. M. Toward a knowledge‐based theory of the firm. Strategic management journal, 17(S2). 109-122. 1996.
 
[10]  Mukharji, P. B., Social Responsibilities of Business Report of the Study Group of the Calcutta Seminar. Calcutta, Oxford-IBH Publishing Co.1969.
 
[11]  Carroll, A. B., The pyramid of corporate social responsibility: Toward the moral management of organizational stakeholders. Businesshorizons, 34(4). 39-48. 1991.
 
[12]  Nithyavathi, K., A Study on Safety and Welfare Measures Provided to the Employees in Textile Industry in Tirupur District, International Journal of Research in Management, Economics and Commerce, 06(10). 51-59. 2016.
 
[13]  Maria, S.T., Rita, Y., Jian, L., Omar, R., Hasan, M.A., Christian, S., Joachim, E.F. and Adrian, L.,Work Stress: Its Components and Its Association With Self-Reported Health Outcomes In A Garment Factory In Bangladesh—Findings From A Cross-Sectional Study. Health and Place, 24: 123-130. 2013.
 
[14]  Khatun, A., Occupational Health of Women Garment workers in Dhaka City, M.Sc Thesis, Gen, Dev., Asian Institute of Technology, Bangkok, Thailand, 78. 1998.