Journal of Sociology and Anthropology
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Journal of Sociology and Anthropology. 2018, 2(2), 55-58
DOI: 10.12691/jsa-2-2-3
Open AccessArticle

Anthropology in Medieval

Mohammadreza Shahidipak1,

1Department of Humanity, Islamic Azad University Central Tehran Branch, Tehran, Iran

Pub. Date: September 29, 2018

Cite this paper:
Mohammadreza Shahidipak. Anthropology in Medieval. Journal of Sociology and Anthropology. 2018; 2(2):55-58. doi: 10.12691/jsa-2-2-3

Abstract

Anthropology is one of the medieval humanities initiatives reflected in its historical and geographical texts. This story is evident in the geographic texts from 8AD to 15AD, especially in the texts of travelogues, and anthropology is the fixed part of these texts. There are in medieval a big phenomenon of truism accomplished by geographers and historians. These heritages of world truism have been remained in any books. In this context, as social researches, culture is described as the identity of humans in medieval cities. A traveler is as a anthropologist has tried to report behaviors of people and trace similarities and differences in behaviors and These works is dominant in any travelogues of medieval. The morality of the people of the capitals and their differences with the behavior of the people of other cities, culture and customs, religious rites, ceremonies including the contents of these texts. In the present paper, research, twelve major texts of the Middle Ages travelogues; as a IBN-AL-Jobayr, Ibn-e-Batutah, The Travels of Marco Poloo, Ibn Sa'id, Abdari, Biruni, Naser Khosrow, Al-Edrisi, Ibn Khaldun, Maghrizee and Leon. These studies are among the texts that constitute the flagship of anthropology in the Middle Age. The adaptive and comparative investigation at these texts to the data and studies of modern anthropology is indicative of the leadership and banner of these medieval texts in the field of anthropology. these anthropological texts have universal value and are considered human beings and heritage because these travelogues investigated the people of the world in medieval, people from Europe, Iran, China, Egypt, Hejaz, India. The problem is; if any relation between anthropology and urban planning because, there is any urban planner in modern period decided to return to medieval paradigm of cities and arrange modern cities in plan of medieval cities, if there is any close relation between behavior of citizen and urban architecture and planning ?can urban planner change the behavior of people with changing of Urban furniture and design? What is dignity of anthropology in these urban and human evolutions? Could it be control societies, cities and citizen by urban planning and by help of Anthropologist? Are medieval texts and their historical materials about the behavior of urban people useful for anthropologists? Paper as an intelligent method is used any modern sociological theory for helping urban planning. paper, finally justified the close relation between history, sociology, anthropology and urban planning.

Keywords:
Anthropology Leon people medieval cities human

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