Journal of Sociology and Anthropology
ISSN (Print): ISSN Pending ISSN (Online): ISSN Pending Website: http://www.sciepub.com/journal/jsa Editor-in-chief: Apply for this position
Open Access
Journal Browser
Go
Journal of Sociology and Anthropology. 2018, 2(1), 31-35
DOI: 10.12691/jsa-2-1-6
Open AccessArticle

Socio-economic Impact of Tobacco Farming in Bangladesh

Md. Yeamin Ali1, Md. Fakrul Islam2, Md. Redwanur Rahman1, , Mst. Rupali Akhtar3, Iffat Ara4, Arook Toppo1, Akib Javed5 and Shobhan Das6

1Institute of Environmental Science, University of Rajshahi, Bangladesh

2Department of Social Work Science, University of Rajshahi, Bangladesh

3Department of Political Science, University of Rajshahi, Bangladesh

4Department of Gematics, Patuakhali Science and Technology University, Patuakhali, Bangladesh

5State Key Laboratory of Information Engineering in Surveying, Mapping and Remote Sensing, Wuhan University, Wuhan, China

6Department of Pharmacology, Bangladesh Agriculture University, Bangladesh

Pub. Date: July 11, 2018

Cite this paper:
Md. Yeamin Ali, Md. Fakrul Islam, Md. Redwanur Rahman, Mst. Rupali Akhtar, Iffat Ara, Arook Toppo, Akib Javed and Shobhan Das. Socio-economic Impact of Tobacco Farming in Bangladesh. Journal of Sociology and Anthropology. 2018; 2(1):31-35. doi: 10.12691/jsa-2-1-6

Abstract

The study aims to understand the socio-economic condition of tobacco farming people in Bangladesh. The study is explorative and to some extent descriptive in nature that enforces to adopt mixed with qualitative and quantitative data as well as secondary and primary data. The primary data were collected from a structured questionnaire, interviews, focus group discussion and observation. It is found that among the tobacco labor most of them 30-39 years and among the tobacco businessman, 33.3% of the respondents aged 30-39 years while most of the farmer 40-49 years. More importantly, business related people own most of the terraced building and most of the businessman and fewest of the labors have electricity connection to their houses. Businessman respondents have the most income among all three groups and two third of them earn more than BDT 16000 per month. On the contrary, labors have the least income per month. Every two out of three labor earn less than BDT 6000 per month. It is cleared that economic development was achieved in all peoples’ life. But social condition became worsen in the study area and among this addiction is most common in the study area.

Keywords:
tobacco farming economic impact social problem

Creative CommonsThis work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License. To view a copy of this license, visit http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/

References:

[1]  Akehurst, B. C. Tobacco, Longman, Green and Co. Ltd. London & Harlow. 1968. 551 p.
 
[2]  Garner, W. W, “The Production of Tobacco. First Ed. McGraw-Hill Book Company, Inc. New York. 1951. 3-4.
 
[3]  Kipps, M.S, Wolfe, T. K., Production of Field Crops- A text book of Agronomy 6th Edition, McGraw-Hill, New York. 1970.
 
[4]  Ballard, T., Ehlers, J., Freund, E., Auslander, M., Brandt, V., & Halperin, W, “Green tobacco sickness: occupational nicotine poisoning in tobacco workers”. Archives of Environmental Health: An International Journal, 50(5). 1995.384-389.
 
[5]  Hossain, M. M., & Rahman, M. M, “A socioeconomic analysis on tobacco cultivation in Kushtia District of Bangladesh”. Social Sciences, 2(3). 2013. 128-134.
 
[6]  Beintema, N. M., Kabir, W., “Bangladesh”. Agricultural Science and Technology Indicators. ASTI Country Brief No. 34. July 2006. [Online]. Available: https://www.asti.cgiar.org/pdf/Bangladesh_CB34.pdf [Accessed April. 29, 2018].
 
[7]  Mackay, J., & Eriksen, M. P, The Tobacco Atlas”. World Health Organization, 2006.
 
[8]  Barkat, A., Chowdhury, A. U., Nargis, N., Rahman, M., Khan, M. S., & Kumar, A, “The economics of tobacco and tobacco taxation in Bangladesh,” in International Union Against Tuberculosis and Lung Disease, Paris. 2006.
 
[9]  Akhter, F, “Tobacco cultivation is harmful”. Daily New Age, Sunday, March, 27. 2011.
 
[10]  Das, B., Nusrat J. K., & Sardar A. U., “Environmental Impacts of Tobacco Cultivation in Bangladesh: A Review of the Literature”. Social Change 5(1), 2015. 104p. [Online] Available: http://ypsa.org/ypsa/wp-content/uploads/2012/11/Social_Change_Vol_5.pdf [Accessed April 29, 2018]
 
[11]  Mackay, J., & Eriksen, M. P, “The Tobacco Atlas”. World Health Organization, 2002.
 
[12]  World Health Organization, & Research for International Tobacco Control, WHO report on the global tobacco epidemic, 2008: the MPOWER package. World Health Organization. 2008.
 
[13]  The, W., “Curbing the epidemic: governments and the economics of tobacco control”. Tobacco Control, 8(2). 1999. 196p.
 
[14]  World Health Organization, Impact of Tobacco-related Illnesses in Bangladesh, New Delhi, India: World Health Organization, Regional Office for South-East Asia. 2006.
 
[15]  Arcury, T. A., Quandt, S. A., & Preisser, J. S., “Predictors of incidence and prevalence of green tobacco sickness among Latino farmworkers in North Carolina, USA”. Journal of Epidemiology & Community Health, 55(11). 2006. 818-824.
 
[16]  Dawson, R. F., Solt, M. L., & Christman, D. R., “Nicotine and its botanical sources”. Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences, 90(1), 2006. 7-12.
 
[17]  Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. CDC. Green tobacco sickness in tobacco harvesters-Kentucky, 1992. MMWR. Morbidity and mortality weekly report, 42(13). 1993. 237p.
 
[18]  Geist, H. J., “Global assessment of deforestation related to tobacco farming”. Tobacco control, 8(1). 1999. 18-28.
 
[19]  Akhter, F, “Tobacco cultivation is harmful”. Daily New Age, Sunday, March, 27. 2011.
 
[20]  Mamun, AL A., Haque, B., Alam, A., & Sultana, R. “Minimization of Health and Environmental Hazards of Tobacco Among the Folk Community In Rural Bangladesh”. International Journal of Research in Humanities, Arts and Literature, 1(2). 2013. 69-76.