Journal of Sociology and Anthropology
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Journal of Sociology and Anthropology. 2017, 1(1), 26-32
DOI: 10.12691/jsa-1-1-4
Open AccessArticle

The Place of Collective Spaces in Social Sustainability of the New City of Developing Countries (Case Study: Golbahar, Mashhad, Iran)

Naser Ghanbari1, and Rezvaneh Rezaee Rashti2

1Master of Architecture Engineering, Tarbiat Modares University, Tehran, Iran

2Master of Architecture, Islamic Azad University, Mashhad Branch, Mashhad, Iran

Pub. Date: June 23, 2017

Cite this paper:
Naser Ghanbari and Rezvaneh Rezaee Rashti. The Place of Collective Spaces in Social Sustainability of the New City of Developing Countries (Case Study: Golbahar, Mashhad, Iran). Journal of Sociology and Anthropology. 2017; 1(1):26-32. doi: 10.12691/jsa-1-1-4

Abstract

With the rapid growth of the population, have been mega cities many problems in Iran. So the new cities have been located with the aim of attracting the overflow population, and these have studied and built to alleviate the problems of demographic, economic, social and physical metropolitans. However, the need to design and build new housing will be felt more than ever before, and new residential complex in New cities are developing rapidly, but the challenge is that whether those new city parts can perform their main duties, especially in the area of social sustainability for the residents or not? The main objective of this study was to investigate the relationship between the effectiveness of collective spaces of social participation and social sustainability of new residents. For this purpose, Golbahar new city on the outskirts of the metropolis of Mashhad was selected as a case study. In this study, the methodology used case studies using combined approaches and techniques for data collection survey and questionnaires were used. It is assumed that the areas of group and common spaces, a place to fulfill the objective of social relations and For the design of sustainable cities and achieving social sustainability in new development areas need to be trained a group effort. While the achievements of the new study showed that complex life due to lack of attention to communal spaces have been reduced social capital citizens. But serious doubts about its position in the field of social sustainability is visible.

Keywords:
social sustainability collective spaces new cities developing countries Iran Golbahar

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