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Journal of Sociology and Anthropology. 2019, 3(1), 15-24
DOI: 10.12691/jsa-3-1-3
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Laws Regulating Water Pollution in Bangladesh

Md. Arifuzzaman1, Mohammad Abdul Hannan2, Md. Redwanur Rahman1, and Md. Atiqur Rahman1

1Institute of Environmental Science, University of Rajshahi, Rajshahi, Bangladesh

2Department of Law, University of Rajshahi, Rajshahi, Bangladesh

Pub. Date: April 08, 2019

Cite this paper:
Md. Arifuzzaman, Mohammad Abdul Hannan, Md. Redwanur Rahman and Md. Atiqur Rahman. Laws Regulating Water Pollution in Bangladesh. Journal of Sociology and Anthropology. 2019; 3(1):15-24. doi: 10.12691/jsa-3-1-3


Water pollution is not only the problem of Bangladesh but also a global problem. Due to its geographical location, Bangladesh experiences water abundance in the wet season and lack in dry season. Environmental issues have become major concerns due to impact on public health and development of Bangladesh. Water pollution in Bangladesh is amplified by population growth, poverty, urbanization, industrialization, poor sanitation, excessive use of pesticides and fertilizers in agriculture, inefficient solid waste management and lack of consciousness. Dhaka city is one of the most polluted cities in the world. Department of Environment (DoE) is the main institution in Bangladesh to address water pollution issue. Legislation directly or indirectly related to protection of water pollution is present in Bangladesh. The study evaluated existing environmental laws regulating water pollution and practice in Bangladesh. This study reveals that compliance and enforcement or implementation of these legal frameworks is not satisfactory, resulting in continuing adverse impact. The study uses academic research to articulate a comprehensive solution to the problems through better regulatory and institutional regime changes and its proper application. It concludes with suggestions for effective regulatory measures to control water pollution in the country.

water pollution environmental law industrialization Bangladesh

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