Global Journal of Surgery
ISSN (Print): 2379-8742 ISSN (Online): 2379-8750 Website: http://www.sciepub.com/journal/js Editor-in-chief: Baki Topal
Open Access
Journal Browser
Go
Global Journal of Surgery. 2016, 4(1), 12-14
DOI: 10.12691/js-4-1-4
Open AccessArticle

Perception of Body Image and Biopsychosocial Satisfaction of Obese People after Bariatric Surgery

Dalia M. El Sakka1, , Jehad O. Albitar2, Adulhakam A. Falemban3, Abrar A. Wazqar3 and Mohammad F. Qusty4

1Department of Plastic Surgery, Menoufia University, Egypt

2Intrnship, Umm Al-Qura University, Makkah, KSA

3Primary Health Care, Ministry of Health, Makkah, KSA

4Internship, Ibn Sina National College, Jeddah, KSA

Pub. Date: December 03, 2016

Cite this paper:
Dalia M. El Sakka, Jehad O. Albitar, Adulhakam A. Falemban, Abrar A. Wazqar and Mohammad F. Qusty. Perception of Body Image and Biopsychosocial Satisfaction of Obese People after Bariatric Surgery. Global Journal of Surgery. 2016; 4(1):12-14. doi: 10.12691/js-4-1-4

Abstract

Background: Obesity is a worldwide health problem, affecting both developed and developing countries. It may necessitate bariatric surgery. Excessive weight loss following the bariatric surgery may result in an excess of lax, overstretched skin mainly over the abdomen that may lead to overhanging of the abdominal skin causing physical discomfort that may negatively affecting the body image' perception and bio-psycho-social well-being of the patients. Objectives: The study was conducted to examine the effect of abdominoplasty following bariatric surgery on the bio-psycho-social well-being and patient satisfaction. Methods: Body image perception and patient satisfaction of a sample of 52 obese patients subjected to abdominoplasty following bariatric surgery (20 laparoscopic gastric plications and 32 laparoscopic sleeve gastrectomy) were measured by the Obesity Psychological State and Satisfaction Questionnaires. The mean age of participants was 39-year old (range19-55year). Results: Post-bariatric abdominoplasty resulted in a significant improvement of patient satisfaction at a mean interval of 24 months between weight loss and abdominoplasty procedure. Conclusions: This study showed that post bariatric abdominoplasty as a single body contouring procedure results in a significant improvement in overall body image' perception, self-esteem, and self-concept. Post-bariatric abdominoplasty should be incorporated in a multidisciplinary care program following weight loss surgery in the morbidly obese patients. These improvements are most consistent with weight loss and subsequent sequelae.

Keywords:
quality body image bariatric surgery

Creative CommonsThis work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License. To view a copy of this license, visit http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/

References:

[1]  World Health Organization, Obesity: Preventing and Managing the Global Epidemic. Report of a WHO Convention, WHO Technical Report Series 894, World Health Organization, Geneva, Switzerland, 2000.
 
[2]  Fontaine K. R., Redden C. T.,Wang, A. O., “Years of life lost due to obesity,” Journal of the American Medical Association, vol. 289, no. 2, pp. 187-193, 2003.
 
[3]  Van Hout V M, Hagendoren J M, Verschure S K, et al.: Psychosocial predictors of success after vertical banded gastroplasty. Obes Surg 2009; 19:701e7.
 
[4]  Van Hout G C, Fortuin F M, Pelle A M, et al. Psychological functioning, personality, and body image follow vertical banded gastroplasty. ObesSurg 2008; 18:115e20.
 
[5]  Lagandre S, Arnalsteen L, Vallet B, Robin E, Jany T, Onraed B, et al. Predictive factors for rhabdomyolysis after bariatric-surgery. Obes Surg 2006; 16(10):1365e70.
 
[6]  Kaminsky J. and Gadaleta D., “A study of discrimination within the medical community as viewed by obese patients,” Obesity Surgery, vol. 12, no. 1, pp. 14-18, 2002.
 
[7]  Dew M. A., Psychiatric Disorder in the Context of Physical Illness. Adversity, Stress, and Psychopathology, Oxford University Press, New York, NY, USA, 2012.
 
[8]  H. Buchwald, Y. Avidor, E. Braunwald et al., “Bariatric surgery: a systematic review and meta-analysis, ”Journal of the American Medical Association, vol. 292, no. 14, pp. 1724-1737, 2004.
 
[9]  Van Hout GMC, Hagendoren CAJM, Verschure SKM, et al.: Psychosocial predictors of success after vertical banded gastroplasty. Obes Surg 2009; 19:701e7.
 
[10]  Van Hout GMC, Fortuin FAM, Pelle AJM, et al. Psychological functioning, personality, and body image follow vertical banded gastroplasty. ObesSurg 2008; 18:115e20.
 
[11]  Lagandre S, Arnalsteen L, Vallet B, Robin E, Jany T, Onraed B, et al. Predictive factors for rhabdomyolysis after bariatric-surgery. Obes Surg 2006; 16(10):1365e70.
 
[12]  Stocker DJ. Management of the bariatric surgery patient. Endocrinal Metab Clin North Am. 2003; 32:437-57.
 
[13]  6-von Soest T, Kvalem IL, Skolleborg KC, et al. Psychosocial factors predicting the motivation to undergo cosmetic surgery. Plast Reconstr Surg. 2006; 117:51-62.
 
[14]  7-Dini M, Mori A, Cassi LC, Lo RG, Lucchese M. Circumferential abdominoplasty. Obes Surg. 2008; 18:1392-9.
 
[15]  Heitmann C, Germann G. Body contouring surgery after massive weight loss. Part I: abdomen and extremities. Chirurg. 2007; 78: 273-86.
 
[16]  Kalarchian MA, Marcus MD, Levine MD, et al. Psychiatric disorders among bariatric surgery candidates: Relationship to obesity and functional health status. Am J Psychiatry 2007; 164: 328-334.