Global Journal of Surgery
ISSN (Print): 2379-8742 ISSN (Online): 2379-8750 Website: Editor-in-chief: Baki Topal
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Global Journal of Surgery. 2021, 9(1), 13-15
DOI: 10.12691/js-9-1-2
Open AccessReview Article

The Use of Internal Mammary Artery Perforators as Recipient Vessels in Breast Reconstruction with Free Tissue Transfer

Mohammad Mohammad1, , Ashraf Mostafa1, Bismark Adjei1, Ahmed Abdelmoez Alsayed1 and Ahmed El-Gawad1

1Burns and Plastics Surgery Department, Whiston Hospital, Prescot, Liverpool, United Kingdom

Pub. Date: October 13, 2021

Cite this paper:
Mohammad Mohammad, Ashraf Mostafa, Bismark Adjei, Ahmed Abdelmoez Alsayed and Ahmed El-Gawad. The Use of Internal Mammary Artery Perforators as Recipient Vessels in Breast Reconstruction with Free Tissue Transfer. Global Journal of Surgery. 2021; 9(1):13-15. doi: 10.12691/js-9-1-2


Breast reconstruction has been a hot topic for decades. With rapidly evolving reconstruction techniques, higher standards of quality have been achieved. One of the current gold standard breast reconstructions at the moment is autologous breast reconstruction. The choice of the recipient vessels in microsurgery reconstruction has been a topic of fierce debate. With proponents and opponents of each recipient vessels option justify their choice. One of the most debatable topics is the use of the IMA perforators as recipient vessels in microsurgery for breast reconstruction. In this article we address the pros and cons plus myths and dogma about using the IMA perforators as the recipient vessels in breast reconstruction.

autologous breast reconstruction internal mammary artery perforators internal mammary artery and recipient vessels in breast reconstruction

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