World Journal of Preventive Medicine
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World Journal of Preventive Medicine. 2022, 10(1), 1-5
DOI: 10.12691/jpm-10-1-1
Open AccessArticle

Effects of Fall Risk Factors on the Extent of Fall-related Injuries in the Elderly Living in Community Dwellings

Takayoshi Yamada1, , Shinichi Demura2 and Shunsuke Yamaji3

1Faculty of Education, Humanities and Social Sciences, University of Fukui, Fukui, Japan

2Department of Human Science, Kanazawa University, Kanazawa, Japan

3Faculty of Faculty of Medical Science, University of Fukui, Fukui, Japan

Pub. Date: April 05, 2022

Cite this paper:
Takayoshi Yamada, Shinichi Demura and Shunsuke Yamaji. Effects of Fall Risk Factors on the Extent of Fall-related Injuries in the Elderly Living in Community Dwellings. World Journal of Preventive Medicine. 2022; 10(1):1-5. doi: 10.12691/jpm-10-1-1

Abstract

The elderly with more fall risk factors might have high fall incidence. This study examined the relationships between fall risk factors among the elderly living in community dwellings and the extent of fall-related injuries. We used fall risk questionnaire given by Demura et al. (2011) to analyze 1,265 elderly individuals who experienced falls in the past year. We examined fall-related injuries, extent of injuries, and fall characteristics (fall cause and direction), noting the associated high risk factors in each case. We defined risk groups 0, 1, 2, and 3 based on the number of risk factors—0, 1, 2, and 3 or 4, respectively. The fall rate was significantly higher in groups with more risk factors. The rate of injuries, except for fractures, in each fall risk group was 68.4, 61.5, 58.7, and 60.4%, and the rate of fracture was 10.5, 12.8, 6.5, and 9.7%. There was no correlation between injuries or fracture rates and the number of fall risk factors. Injures happened most frequently after forward falls caused by tripping. However, no association between fracture and fall characteristics was observed. The risk of injuries (approximately 60% in all groups) or severe injuries (fracture; about 10%) after a fall might not be related to the number of fall risks. We observed that a certain tendency is not observed in fall characteristics with fractures. Injuries (except for fractures) mainly occurred after forward falls caused by tripping.

Keywords:
fall cause fracture fall risk

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