Journal of Polymer and Biopolymer Physics Chemistry
ISSN (Print): 2373-3403 ISSN (Online): 2373-3411 Website: http://www.sciepub.com/journal/jpbpc Editor-in-chief: Martin Alberto Masuelli
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Journal of Polymer and Biopolymer Physics Chemistry. 2016, 4(1), 1-6
DOI: 10.12691/jpbpc-4-1-1
Open AccessReview Article

Exopolysaccharides Produced by Rhizobium: Production, Composition and Rheological Properties

Ribeiro V.A.1, and Burkert C.A.V.1

1Federal University of Rio Grande, School of Chemistry and Food, Rio Grande, RS, Brazil

Pub. Date: February 22, 2016

Cite this paper:
Ribeiro V.A. and Burkert C.A.V.. Exopolysaccharides Produced by Rhizobium: Production, Composition and Rheological Properties. Journal of Polymer and Biopolymer Physics Chemistry. 2016; 4(1):1-6. doi: 10.12691/jpbpc-4-1-1

Abstract

The use of exopolysaccharides (EPS) in industrial product formulations has increased in recent years due to their ability to increase the viscosity of solutions or cause the formation of gels, affecting the texture of products. In industry, EPS can be added as gelling, thickening and stabilizing agents in foods, pharmaceuticals and cosmetics. In this context, EPS from nitrogen-fixing rhizobial bacteria are emerging as potential biopolymers for industrial applications. However, the establishment of cultivation conditions, their chemical structure and physicochemical characteristics, such as rheological behavior, are essential to enable their use on a large scale. Furthermore, the possibility of using byproducts and agroindustrial wastes as substrates can contribute to the economic feasiability of the process. In this context, this article aims to present a review of EPS synthesized by different strains of Rhizobium in relation to their production, composition and rheological properties.

Keywords:
fixing-nitrogen bacteria rhizobia biopolymers extracellular polysaccharides rheological behavior

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