Journal of Polymer and Biopolymer Physics Chemistry
ISSN (Print): 2373-3403 ISSN (Online): 2373-3411 Website: http://www.sciepub.com/journal/jpbpc Editor-in-chief: Martin Alberto Masuelli
Open Access
Journal Browser
Go
Journal of Polymer and Biopolymer Physics Chemistry. 2014, 2(3), 55-61
DOI: 10.12691/jpbpc-2-3-3
Open AccessArticle

Comparative Experimental Studies on the Physico-mechanical Properties of Jute Caddies Reinforced Polyester and Polypropylene Composites

Rezaul K Khan1, 2, S. M. Shauddin1, , S. S. Dhar1, 2 and Mubarak A Khan1

1Institute of Radiation and Polymer Technology, Bangladesh Atomic Energy Commission, Dhaka, Bangladesh

2Department of Chemistry, Shahjalal University of Science and Technology, Sylhet, Bangladesh

Pub. Date: October 22, 2014

Cite this paper:
Rezaul K Khan, S. M. Shauddin, S. S. Dhar and Mubarak A Khan. Comparative Experimental Studies on the Physico-mechanical Properties of Jute Caddies Reinforced Polyester and Polypropylene Composites. Journal of Polymer and Biopolymer Physics Chemistry. 2014; 2(3):55-61. doi: 10.12691/jpbpc-2-3-3

Abstract

Non-woven jute caddies (JC, jute wastage) reinforced unsaturated polyester resin (UPR) and polypropylene (PP)-based randomly oriented discontinuous fibre composites with fibre loading 40-65% were fabricated by compression molding. The influence of the addition of fibre loadings on the mechanical properties such as tensile strength (TS) and tensile modulus (TM), bending strength (BS) and bending modulus (BM) and impact strength (IS) of the composites was investigated. Based on the fiber loading, around 55% JC reinforced UPR composite yielded better mechanical properties compared to the JC/PP composite. To improve the compatibility between fibre and matrix, the composites were irradiated with gamma rays (Co-60) of dose varied from 2.5 kGy to 12.5 kGy. Tensile and flexural properties of the composites were found to be improved significantly after irradiation. TS and BS of JC/UPR composites increased 29.86 and 14.60% respectively at 7.5 kGy while for JC/PP composites the increments were 21.69 and 7.78% respectively at 5.0 kGy. Water uptake tests of untreated and irradiated composites were carried out in deionized water where, the water-resistance properties of both kinds of irradiated composites were found to improve almost equally. Degradation tests of the composites were performed in soil medium and it was observed that JC/UPR composites lost much of its original strength and modulus compared to that of the JC/PP composites.

Keywords:
Jute caddies unsaturated polyester resin polypropylene irradiated composite mechanical tests

Creative CommonsThis work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License. To view a copy of this license, visit http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/

References:

[1]  Mahapatra, B. S., M. Sabyasachi, M. K. Sinha and A. K. Ghorai, 2009. Research and development in jute (Corchorus sp.) and allied fibres in India: A review. Indian J. Agron., 54: 361-373.
 
[2]  Available online: http://www. jute. org (accessed on 20/09/2014).
 
[3]  Ganguly, P. K., S. K. Bhaduri and A. Day, 2004. Jute caddies: A potential raw material for handmade paper. J. Sci. Ind. Res., 63: 417-419.
 
[4]  J. T. Fang, B. Liao, S. Lee; New. Biotechnol, 2010, 27, 32.
 
[5]  C. Azeri, U. A. Tamer, M. Oskay; Afr. J. Biotech, 2010, 9, 72.
 
[6]  Daniel, Isaac M., and Ori Ishai. Engineering Mechanics of Composite Materials. Second Edition. New York: Oxford University Press, Inc., 2006. Print
 
[7]  Mitra, B. C., R. K. Basak and M. Sarkar, 1998. Studies on jute-reinforced composites, it’s laminations and some solutions through chemical modifications of fibres. J. Applied Polym. Sci., 67: 1098-1100.
 
[8]  Rana, A. K., A. Mondal and K. Jayachandran, 1999. Jute composites: Properties and applications in packaging. Packag. India, 3: 15-19.
 
[9]  Bharat Dholakiya, September 26, 2012. Unsaturated Polyester Resin for Specialty Applications, Chapter-7: 167-202.
 
[10]  Zaman HU, Khan AH, Hossain MA, Khan MA, Khan RA. Mechanical and electrical properties of jute fabrics reinforced polyethylene/polypropylene composites: Role of gamma radiation. Polymer-Plastics Technology and Engineering. 2009; 48: 760-6.
 
[11]  Khan MA, Hinrichsen G, Drzal LT. Influence of novel coupling agents on mechanical of jute reinforced polypropylene composite. Journal of Material Science Letters. 2001; 20: 1711-3.
 
[12]  Czvikovszky T. Reactive recycling of multiphase polymer systems. Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research Section B: Beam Interactions with Materials and Atoms. 1995; 105: 233-7.
 
[13]  Karmaker AC, Hinrichen G. Processing and characterization of jute fiber reinforced thermoplastic polymers. Polymer-Plastics Technology and Engineering. 1991; 30 (5-6): 609-29.
 
[14]  A. A. Kafi, M. Z. Abedin, M. D. H. Beg, K. L. Pickering and M. A. Khan, “Study on the Mechanical Properties of Jute/Glass Fiber-Reinforced Unsaturated Polyester Hy-brid Composite: Effect of Surface Modification by Ultra-violet Radiation,” Journal of Reinforced Plastics and Composites, Vol. 25, No. 6, 2006, pp. 575-588.
 
[15]  Indicula, M. and Thomas, S. (2004). Effect of Fiber Loading and Fiber Ration on the Mechanical Properties of Intimately Mixed Banana/Sisal Hybrid Fiber reinforced Composites, In: 5th Global Wood and Natural Fiber Composites Symposium, 27-28 April, Kessel/Germany.
 
[16]  Saheb, D. N., Jog, J. P., 1999. Natural fiber polymer composites: a review. Adv. Polym. Technol. 18 (4), 351-363.
 
[17]  Valdez-Gonzalez, A., Cervantes-Uea, J. M., Oleyob, R., Herrera-Franco, P. J., 1999. Effect of fiber-surface treatment on the fiber-matrix bond strength of natural fiber reinforced composites. Composites: Part B 3, 309-320.
 
[18]  Wolcott, M. P., 1993. Wood-Fiber/Polymer Composites. Forest Product Society, Madison, WI, USA 24-32.
 
[19]  Haydaruzzaman, Ruhul A. Khan, Mubarak A. Khan, A. H. Khan, M. A. Hossain Effect of gamma radiation on the performance of jute fabrics-reinforced polypropylene composites, Radiation Physics and Chemistry 78 (2009) 986-993
 
[20]  Mubarak A. Khan, Ruhul A. Khan, Haydaruzzaman, Abul Hossain and A. H. Khan “Effect of Gamma Radiation on the Physico-Mechanical and Electrical Properties Jute Fiber-Reinforced Polypropylene Composites” Journal of Reinforced Plastics and Composites 2009; 28; 1651 originally published online Jul 31, 2008.
 
[21]  M. A. Khan, C. Kopp and G. Hinrichsen, “Effect of Vinyl and Silicon Monomer on Mechanical and Degradation Properties of Bio-Degradable Jute-Biopol® Composite,” Journal of Reinforced Plastics and Composites, Vol. 20, No. 16, 2001, pp. 1414-1429.