Journal of Polymer and Biopolymer Physics Chemistry
ISSN (Print): 2373-3403 ISSN (Online): 2373-3411 Website: http://www.sciepub.com/journal/jpbpc Editor-in-chief: Martin Alberto Masuelli
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Journal of Polymer and Biopolymer Physics Chemistry. 2013, 1(1), 26-30
DOI: 10.12691/jpbpc-1-1-5
Open AccessArticle

High Energy Electron Irradiated Polystyrene: Free Volume and Thermal Properties Studied by PALS and DSC

Arunava Mandal1, Sandip Pan1, Subrata Mukherjee1, Achintya K. Saha1, C. Ranganathaiah2 and Asmita Sengupta1,

1Physics Department, Visva-Bharati Central University, P.O.- Santiniketan, West Bengal, India

2Department of Studies in Physics, University of Mysore, Manasagangotri, Mysore, India

Pub. Date: December 16, 2013

Cite this paper:
Arunava Mandal, Sandip Pan, Subrata Mukherjee, Achintya K. Saha, C. Ranganathaiah and Asmita Sengupta. High Energy Electron Irradiated Polystyrene: Free Volume and Thermal Properties Studied by PALS and DSC. Journal of Polymer and Biopolymer Physics Chemistry. 2013; 1(1):26-30. doi: 10.12691/jpbpc-1-1-5

Abstract

The variation in the microstructure in terms of free volume and the thermal properties, such as specific heat(Cp), glass transition temperature(Tg) of 8 MeV electron irradiated Polystyrene (PS) at different doses have been measured using Positron Annihilation Lifetime Spectroscopy (PALS) and Differential Scanning Calorimetry (DSC) respectively. PALS results showed that at irradiation dose 75 KGy the free volume of the polymer matrix decreases suggesting cross liking of the inter chain and structure appears to be stabilized. In the DSC measurements the specific heat at constant pressure suggests the scission of chains at 100 KGy which is well reflected in the increase of the free volume at this dosage. The observed changes in Tg are not prominent and do not really reflect the changes in free volume upon irradiation.

Keywords:
positron annihilation lifetime differential scanning calorimetry polystyrene free volume specific heat

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