Journal of Physical Activity Research
ISSN (Print): 2574-4437 ISSN (Online): 2574-4437 Website: Editor-in-chief: Peter Hart
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Journal of Physical Activity Research. 2019, 4(1), 26-33
DOI: 10.12691/jpar-4-1-2
Open AccessArticle

Black Seventh-Day Adventists’ Adherence to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention’s 1995 and 2008 Physical Activity Guidelines for Adults

Nicceta Davis1, , Donna Thorpe2, Patti Herring3, W. Lawrence Beeson4 and Gary Fraser5

1Department of Physical Therapy, School of Allied Health Professions, Loma Linda University, Loma Linda, CA, 92350, USA

2Allied Health Studies, School of Allied Health Professions, Loma Linda University, Loma Linda, CA, 92350, USA

3Health Promotion and Education Program, School of Public Health, Loma Linda University, Loma Linda, CA, 92350, USA

4Epidemiology and Biostatistics Programs, School of Public Health, Loma Linda University, Loma Linda, CA, 92350, USA

5Department of Preventive Medicine, School of Medicine, Loma Linda University, Loma Linda, CA, 92350, USA

Pub. Date: December 28, 2018

Cite this paper:
Nicceta Davis, Donna Thorpe, Patti Herring, W. Lawrence Beeson and Gary Fraser. Black Seventh-Day Adventists’ Adherence to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention’s 1995 and 2008 Physical Activity Guidelines for Adults. Journal of Physical Activity Research. 2019; 4(1):26-33. doi: 10.12691/jpar-4-1-2


A lack of physical activity is associated with many chronic and metabolic diseases and decreased life expectancy. This study assessed the physical activity practices of Black Seventh-day Adventists to determine adherence to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention’s 1995 and 2008 guidelines for adult physical activity. Data from 16,547 Black participants of the Adventist Health Study-2 prospective cohort were analyzed. Data about dietary practices, medication usage, and physical activity were collected and analyzed. Only 11.3% of Black Adventists met 1995 recommended guidelines and 22.8% met 2008 guidelines. Gender, age, educational level, and body mass index were associated with adherence to 1995 guidelines while gender, educational level, and body mass index were associated with adherence to 2008 guidelines. Compared to respondents 18-44 years (reference), 45-64 and 65+ years and older were most likely to adhere to 1995 guidelines (OR=1.22, 95% CI: 1.07, 1.39) and (OR=1.51, 95% CI: 1.27, 1.79) respectively. Most likely to adhere to 2008 guidelines were respondents aged 45-64 and 65+ years and older (OR=1.12, 95% CI: 1.03, 1.22) and (OR=1.25, 95% CI: 1.10, 1.41) respectively, and those educated at bachelor’s level and higher (OR=1.27, 95% CI: 1.16, 1.43), compared to grades K-12 (reference). Differences in 1995 and 2008 physical activity criteria resulted in differences in adherence, with greater adherence to the 2008 guidelines. Adults should be encouraged to participate in at least 150 minutes of moderate exercise or 75 minutes of vigorous exercise weekly to meet recommended physical activity guidelines.

black seventh-day Adventists exercise physical activity guidelines health behaviors

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