Journal of Physical Activity Research
ISSN (Print): 2574-4437 ISSN (Online): 2574-4437 Website: http://www.sciepub.com/journal/jpar Editor-in-chief: Peter Hart
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Journal of Physical Activity Research. 2017, 2(2), 68-72
DOI: 10.12691/jpar-2-2-1
Open AccessArticle

Relationship between Food Addictive Behavior and Physical Activity in College-Aged Students

Stephen Bailey1, , Carlie Huberman1, Rebecca Bryant1, Stephen Van Rij1 and Elizabeth Bailey1

1Elon University, United States

Pub. Date: September 21, 2017

Cite this paper:
Stephen Bailey, Carlie Huberman, Rebecca Bryant, Stephen Van Rij and Elizabeth Bailey. Relationship between Food Addictive Behavior and Physical Activity in College-Aged Students. Journal of Physical Activity Research. 2017; 2(2):68-72. doi: 10.12691/jpar-2-2-1

Abstract

Background: Food addiction is believed to play a role in the development of obesity. Acute exercise has been associated with reduced cravings for addictive substances. The purpose of this investigation is to determine if food addictive behavior is influenced by physical activity in college-aged students. Methods: 241 college-aged students (18-24 years of age; 55 male, 186 female) were recruited and completed the Yale Food Addiction Scale 2.0 (YFAS) and the International Physical Activity Questionnaire Short Form (IPAQ-S). Results: Only 7.9% of participants were diagnosed with moderate (2.5%) or severe (5.4%) food addiction (FA). BMI was higher in participants with food addiction (No FA=24.1±0.3 FA=26.9±1.9, M±SE, p=0.02); however, no differences were found in vigorous (No FA=1851±251 MET-min/week, FA=1920±799 MET-min/week), moderate (No FA=777+107 MET-min/week, FA=869+409 MET-min/week), or walking (No FA=1262±139 MET-min/week, FA=2051+583 MET-min/week) activity. The distribution of participants with Low, Moderate, and High levels of physical activity was similar between No FA and FA. Participants with High (2.10±0.27 symptoms) levels of physical activity displayed more symptoms of food addictive behavior than participants with Moderate (1.41±0.15 symptoms) and Low (1.06±0.27 symptoms) levels (p=0.03). Conclusions: The results of this investigation suggest that high levels of physical activity may be associated with more symptoms of food addiction.

Keywords:
addiction physical activity college-aged

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