Journal of Physical Activity Research
ISSN (Print): 2574-4437 ISSN (Online): 2574-4437 Website: http://www.sciepub.com/journal/jpar Editor-in-chief: Peter Hart
Open Access
Journal Browser
Go
Journal of Physical Activity Research. 2017, 2(1), 61-67
DOI: 10.12691/jpar-2-1-10
Open AccessArticle

Introducing MyHouse Activity and MyWork Activity: A Paradigm Shift towards Lifestyle Physical Activity Supported by Evidence from a Focus Group Study

M. Felicia Cavallini1, , Angela M. Kolen2, Xuemei Sui3, Lawrence L. Spriet4, Balkit King4, Emily Kraft4, Kurt Heischmidt3 and Steven N. Blair3

1Limestone College, Department of Physical Education, Gaffney, South Carolina

2St. Francis Xavier University, Department of Human Kinetics, Antigonish, Nova Scotia

3University of South Carolina, Arnold School of Public Health, Columbia, South Carolina

4University of Guelph, College of Biological Science, Guelph, Ontario

Pub. Date: September 07, 2017

Cite this paper:
M. Felicia Cavallini, Angela M. Kolen, Xuemei Sui, Lawrence L. Spriet, Balkit King, Emily Kraft, Kurt Heischmidt and Steven N. Blair. Introducing MyHouse Activity and MyWork Activity: A Paradigm Shift towards Lifestyle Physical Activity Supported by Evidence from a Focus Group Study. Journal of Physical Activity Research. 2017; 2(1):61-67. doi: 10.12691/jpar-2-1-10

Abstract

The importance of exercise has long been substantiated as a means of preventing chronic diseases while improving quality of life. Most Canadians adults (85%) do not obtain at least 150 minutes of moderate to vigorous physical activity each week, as advocated by the current Canadian PA guidelines. In physical activity promotional efforts, it may be important to consider a different perspective on which physical activities meet these guidelines. The purpose of this study was to examine people’s beliefs, outlooks and attitudes towards physical activity and exercise. In phase I of this study, qualitative methods with phenomenological underpinnings were used. Facilitated group discussions were conducted with 234 adults from 13 diverse focus groups regarding their opinions, attitudes, outlooks, and beliefs on exercise versus physical activity. Using the transcriptions from phase I, a research-generated survey was designed by three content experts and administered to participants of the same community groups in phase II of the study to quantify feedback from phase I. Over 300 Canadian adults, ages 18 and older, provided questionnaire responses. More than 80% of the men and women preferred to meet their physical activity needs through household or lifestyle physical activities rather than structured or planned exercises. Furthermore, these men and women thought engaging in physical activity was a more natural, realistic and enjoyable part of their day than exercise. Additionally, most of these men and women think Canada’s guidelines for physical activity can be achieved through physical activity alone. Given the overwhelming preference for lifestyle physical activities, emphasizing household and work activity, leisure, and active transportation as valuable methods to the current physical activity guidelines may be prudent.

Keywords:
physical activity promotion knowledge attitudes and behaviors health promotion

Creative CommonsThis work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License. To view a copy of this license, visit http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/

Figures

Figure of 2

References:

[1]  Colley, R.C., Garriguet, D., Janssen, I., Craig, C., Clarke, J., and Tremblay, M.S. Physical activity of Canadian adults: Accelerometer results from the 2007-2009 Canadian Health Measures Survey. Health Reports 22(1):4-11. 2011.
 
[2]  Shields, M., Tremblay, M.S., Laviolette, M., Craig, C.L. Janssen, I., and Conner Gorber, S. Fitness of Canadian adults: Results from the 2007-2009 Canadian Health Measures Survey. Health Reports 21(1):21-35. 2010.
 
[3]  Physical Activity Guidelines Advisory Committee Report. Secretary of Health and Human Services, PsycEXTRA Dataset. 2008. Accessed July 20, 2017.
 
[4]  Warburton, D.E.R., Charlesworth, S., Ivey, A., Nettlefold, L., and Bredin, S.S.D. A systematic review of the evidence for Canada’s Physical Activity Guidelines for Adults. International Journal of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity, 11; 7: 39. 2010.
 
[5]  Canadian Society for Exercise Physiology (CSEP). Canadian Physical Activity Guidelines for Adults 18-64 years. Ottawa (ON): CSEP, www.csep.ca/CMFiles /Guidelines/CSEP-InfoSheets-adults-ENG.pdf. 2012. Accessed July 20, 2017.
 
[6]  Booth, M.L., Bauman, A., Owen, N., and Gore, J.C. Physical activity preferences, preferred sources of assistance and perceived barriers to increased activity among physically inactive Australians. Preventive Medicine, 26: 131-137. 1997.
 
[7]  Burton, N.W., Khan, A., and Brown, W.J. How, where and with whom? Physical activity context preferences of three adult groups at risk of inactivity. British Journal of Sports Medicine, 46(16): 1125-1131. 2012.
 
[8]  Salmon, J., Owen, N., Crawford, D., Bauman, A., and Sallis, J.F. Physical activity and sedentary behavior: A population-based study of barriers, enjoyment, and preference. Health Psychology, 22(2): 178-188. 2003.
 
[9]  Ainsworth, B.E., Haskell, W.L., Herrmann, S.D., Meckes, N., Bassett Jr, D.R., Tudor-Locke, C., et al., Compendium of Physical Activities: A second update of codes and MET values. Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise, 43(8): 1575-1581. 2011.
 
[10]  Besson, H., Ekelund, U., Brage, S., Luben, R., Bingham, S., Khaw, K., and Wareham, N.J. Relationship between subdomains of total physical activity and mortality. Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise, 40(11): 1909-1915. 2008.
 
[11]  Huerta, J.M., Chirlaque, M.D., Tormo, M.J., Buckland, G., Ardanaz, E., Arriola, L., et al. Work, household, and leisure-time physical activity and risk of mortality in the EPIC-Spain cohort. Preventive Medicine, 85: 106-112. 2016.
 
[12]  Lawlor, D., Taylor, M., Bedford, C., and Ebrahim, S. Is housework good for health? Levels of physical activity and factors associated with activity in elderly women. Journal of Epidemiology and Community Health, 56(6): 473-478. 2002.
 
[13]  Samitz, G., Egger, M., and Zwahlen, M. Domains of physical activity and all-cause mortality: Systematic review and dose-response meta-analysis of cohort studies. International Journal of Epidemiology, 40(5): 1382-1400. 2011.
 
[14]  Stamatakis, E., Hamer, M., and Lawlor, D.A. Physical activity, mortality, and cardiovascular disease: Is domestic physical activity beneficial? The Scottish Health Survey-1995, 1998, and 2003. American Journal of Epidemiology, 15; 169(10): 1191-1200. 2009.
 
[15]  Andersen, L.B., Schnohr, P., Schroll, M., and Hein, H.O. All-cause mortality associated with physical activity during leisure time, work, sports, and cycling to work. Archives of Internal Medicine, 160(11): 1621-1628. 2000.
 
[16]  Hotelman, A., Marott, J.L., Gyntelberg, F., Søgaard, K., Suadicani, P., Mortensen, O.S., et al. Occupational and leisure time physical activity: Risk of all-cause mortality and myocardial infarction in the Copenhagen City Heart Study. A prospective cohort study. British Medical Journal, 2(1): e000556. 2012.
 
[17]  Hu, G., Jousilahti, P., Borodulin, K., Barengo, N.C., Lakka, T.A., Nissinen, A., et al. Occupational, commuting and leisure-time physical activity in relation to coronary heart disease among middle-aged Finnish men and women. Atherosclerosis, 194(2): 490-497. 2007.
 
[18]  Blair, S.N. A public health intervention model for work-site health promotion. Impact on exercise and physical fitness in a health promotion plan after 24 months. Journal of the American Medical Association, 255(7): 921-926. 1986
 
[19]  Krause, N., Brand, R.J., Arah, O.A., and Kauhanen, J. Occupational physical activity and 20-year incidence of acute myocardial infarction. Scandinavian Journal of Work and Environmental Health, 41(2): 124-139. 2014.
 
[20]  Morris, J., Heady, J., Raffle, P., Roberts, C., and Parks, J. Coronary heart-disease and physical activity of work. Lancet, 262(6795): 1053-1057. 1953.
 
[21]  Paffenbarger, R.S. and Hale, WeE. Work activity and coronary heart mortality. New England Journal of Medicine, 292(11): 545-550. 1975.
 
[22]  Hamer, M. and Chida, Y. Active commuting and cardiovascular risk: A meta-analytic review. Preventive Medicine, 46(1): 9-13. 2008.
 
[23]  Larouche, R., Faulkner, G., and Tremblay, M. Active travel and adults' health: The 2007-to-2011 Canadian Health Measures Surveys. Health Reports, 27(4); 10-18. 2016.
 
[24]  Matthews, C.E., Jurj, A.L., Shu, X., Li, H., Yang, G., Li. Q., and Zheng, W. Influence of exercise, walking, cycling, and overall non-exercise physical activity on mortality in Chinese women. American Journal of Epidemiology, 165(12): 1343-1350. 2007.
 
[25]  Mueller, N., Rojas-Rueda, D., Cole-Hunter, T., Nazelle, A.D., Dons, E., Gerike, R., et al. Health impact assessment of active transportation: A systematic review. Preventive Medicine, 76: 103-114. 2015.
 
[26]  Cavallini, M. F., Kolen, A.M., Sui, X., Heischmidt, K., Kang, B., Kraft, E., Davis, C. & Blair, S. MyHouse Activity, Cavallini and Associates. All Rights Reserved. © 2017.
 
[27]  Cavallini, M. F., Kolen, A.M., Sui, X., Heischmidt, K., Kang, B., Kraft, E. & Blair, S. MyWork Activity, Cavallini and Associates. All Rights Reserved. © 2017.
 
[28]  Healthy Living Program. Public Health Agency of Canada, www.publichealth.gc.ca. 2014. Accessed July 20, 2017.
 
[29]  Mobilizing Knowledge on Active Transportation. Public Health Agency of Canada, www.publichealth.gc.ca. 2015. Accessed July 20, 2017.
 
[30]  National Complete Streets Coalition. Smart Growth America. www.smartgrowthamerica.org/complete-streets. 2016. Accessed July 20, 2017.
 
[31]  Sallis, J.F., Hovell, M.F., Hofstetter, C.R., Faucher, P., Elder, J.P., Blanchard, K., et al. A multivariate study of determinants of vigorous exercise in a community sample. Preventive Medicine, 18: 20-34. 1989.
 
[32]  Freeman, T. “Best Practice” in focus group research: making sense of different views. Journal of Advanced Nursing, 56 (5): 491-497. 2006.