Journal of Physical Activity Research
ISSN (Print): 2574-4437 ISSN (Online): 2574-4437 Website: Editor-in-chief: Peter Hart
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Journal of Physical Activity Research. 2017, 2(1), 20-24
DOI: 10.12691/jpar-2-1-4
Open AccessArticle

Associations between Physical Fitness and Obesity Related Measures in South Asian Schoolchildren

Lesser IA1, , Fowokan AO1, Punthakee Z2 and Lear SA1, 3

1Department of Biomedical Physiology and Kinesiology, Simon Fraser University, Vancouver, BC, Canada

2Department of Medicine, McMaster University, Hamilton, ON, Canada

3Faculty of Health Sciences, Simon Fraser University, Burnaby, BC, Canada;Division of Cardiology, Providence Health Care, Vancouver, BC, Canada

Pub. Date: April 06, 2017

Cite this paper:
Lesser IA, Fowokan AO, Punthakee Z and Lear SA. Associations between Physical Fitness and Obesity Related Measures in South Asian Schoolchildren. Journal of Physical Activity Research. 2017; 2(1):20-24. doi: 10.12691/jpar-2-1-4


Childhood obesity is associated with many health complications. In the South Asian population this may have an especially devastating impact due to the unique obesity phenotype of high abdominal fat and low lean body mass at a given body size which lends itself to greater disease risk at a younger age. OBJECTIVES: It is unknown what is responsible for this high risk phenotype but physical fitness levels are associated with body fatness and South Asian children report lower levels of physical fitness than their European peers. Therefore, the purpose of this descriptive study is to assess the associations between obesity related measures and physical fitness in South Asian children. METHODS: Forty-five boys and girls between the ages of 7 and 10 completed measures of physical fitness for the assessment of upper and lower body strength and aerobic capacity as well as obesity related measures. RESULTS: South Asian boys and girls showed positive associations between obesity related measures and grip strength and negative associations with standing long jump and aerobic fitness. CONCLUSION: Physical fitness and specifically aerobic fitness should be emphasized among South Asian children. This is especially relevant as South Asian children report objectively lower levels of physical activity than their European peers.

South Asian children physical fitness body composition

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