Journal of Physical Activity Research
ISSN (Print): 2574-4437 ISSN (Online): 2574-4437 Website: http://www.sciepub.com/journal/jpar Editor-in-chief: Peter Hart
Open Access
Journal Browser
Go
Journal of Physical Activity Research. 2017, 2(1), 20-24
DOI: 10.12691/jpar-2-1-4
Open AccessArticle

Associations between Physical Fitness and Obesity Related Measures in South Asian Schoolchildren

Lesser IA1, , Fowokan AO1, Punthakee Z2 and Lear SA1, 3

1Department of Biomedical Physiology and Kinesiology, Simon Fraser University, Vancouver, BC, Canada

2Department of Medicine, McMaster University, Hamilton, ON, Canada

3Faculty of Health Sciences, Simon Fraser University, Burnaby, BC, Canada;Division of Cardiology, Providence Health Care, Vancouver, BC, Canada

Pub. Date: April 06, 2017

Cite this paper:
Lesser IA, Fowokan AO, Punthakee Z and Lear SA. Associations between Physical Fitness and Obesity Related Measures in South Asian Schoolchildren. Journal of Physical Activity Research. 2017; 2(1):20-24. doi: 10.12691/jpar-2-1-4

Abstract

Childhood obesity is associated with many health complications. In the South Asian population this may have an especially devastating impact due to the unique obesity phenotype of high abdominal fat and low lean body mass at a given body size which lends itself to greater disease risk at a younger age. OBJECTIVES: It is unknown what is responsible for this high risk phenotype but physical fitness levels are associated with body fatness and South Asian children report lower levels of physical fitness than their European peers. Therefore, the purpose of this descriptive study is to assess the associations between obesity related measures and physical fitness in South Asian children. METHODS: Forty-five boys and girls between the ages of 7 and 10 completed measures of physical fitness for the assessment of upper and lower body strength and aerobic capacity as well as obesity related measures. RESULTS: South Asian boys and girls showed positive associations between obesity related measures and grip strength and negative associations with standing long jump and aerobic fitness. CONCLUSION: Physical fitness and specifically aerobic fitness should be emphasized among South Asian children. This is especially relevant as South Asian children report objectively lower levels of physical activity than their European peers.

Keywords:
South Asian children physical fitness body composition

Creative CommonsThis work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License. To view a copy of this license, visit http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/

References:

[1]  Lear SA, Kohli S, Bondy GP, Tchernof A, Sniderman AD. Ethnic variation in fat and lean body mass and the association with insulin resistance. J. Clin. Endocrinol. Metab. 2009; 94 (12): 4696-702.
 
[2]  Joshi P, Islam S, Pais P, Reddy S, Dorairaj P, Kazmi K, et al. Risk factors for early myocardial infarction in south asians compared with individuals in other countries. JAMA. 2007; 297(3):286-94.
 
[3]  Nightingale CM, Rudnicka AR, Owen CG, Cook DG, Whincup PH. Patterns of body size and adiposity among UK children of South Asian, black African-Caribbean and white European origin: Child Heart and Health Study in England (CHASE Study). Int. J. Epidemiol. 2011; 40 (1): 33-44.
 
[4]  Ness AR, Leary SD, Mattocks C, Blair SN, Reilly JJ, Wells J, et al. PLoS Med. 2007; 4(3):e97.
 
[5]  Han JC, Lawlor DA, Kimm SY. Childhood obesity. Lancet 2010; 375 (9727): 1737-48.
 
[6]  Daniels SR. Complications of obesity in children and adolescents. Int. J. Obes. (Lond) 2009; 33 (Suppl 1): S60 – 5.
 
[7]  Warburton DE, Nicol CW,Bredin SS. Health benefits of physical activity: the evidence. CMAJ. 2006; 174 (6): 801-9.
 
[8]  Colley RC, Garriguet D, Janssen I, Craig CL, Clarke J, Tremblay MS. Physical activity of Canadian children and youth: accelerometer results from the 2007 to 2009 Canadian Health Measures Survey. Health Rep. 2011; 22 (1):7-14.
 
[9]  Denton SJ, Trenell MI, Plotz T, Savory LA, Bailey DP, Kerr CJ. Cardiorespiratory Fitness is Associated with Hard and Light Intensity Physical Activity but Not Time Spent Sedentary in 10-14 Year Old Schoolchildren: The HAPPY Study. PLoS One. 2013; 8 (4): e61073.
 
[10]  Owen CG, Nightingale CM, Rudnicka AR, Cook DG, Ekelund U and Whincup PH. Ethnic and gender differences in physical activity levels among 9-10 year old children of white European, South Asian and African- Caribbean origin: the Child Heart Health Study in England (CHASE study). Int. J. Epidemiol. 2009; 38(4): 1082-93.
 
[11]  Nightingale et al. Cross-sectional study of ethnic differences in physical fitness among children of South Asian, black African-Caribbean and white European origin: the Child Heart and Health Study in England (CHASE). BMJ Open. 2016; 6 e011131.
 
[12]  Zurlo F, Larson K, Bogardus C, Ravussin E. Skeletal muscle metabolism is a major determinant of resting energy expenditure. J. Clin. Invest. 1990; 86 (5): 1423-7.
 
[13]  Minasian V, Marandi SM, Kelishadi R, Abolhassani H. Correlation between aerobic fitness and body composition in middle-school students. Int. J. Prev. Med. 2014; 5 (Suppl 2): S102-7.
 
[14]  Ceschia A Giacomini S, Santarossa S, Rugo M, Salvadego D, Da Ponte A, et al. Deleterious effects of obesity on physical fitness in pre-pubertal children. Eur. J. Sport Sci. 2016; 16 (2): 271-8.
 
[15]  Heroux M, Onywera V, Tremblay MS, Adamo KB, Lopez Taylor J, Jaregui Ulloa E, et al. The relation between aerobic fitness, muscular fitness, and obesity in children from thress countries at different stages of the physical activity transition. ISRN Obes. 2013; 20: 134835.
 
[16]  Leger LA, Mercier D, Gadoury C and Lambert J. The multistage 20 metre shuttle run test for aerobic fitness. J. Sports Sci. 1988; 6(2):93-101.
 
[17]  Artero EG, Espana-Romero V, Castro-Pinero J, Ruiz J, Jimenez-Pavon D, Aparicio V, et al. Criterion-related validity of field-based muscular fitness tests in youth. J. Sports Med. Phys. Fitness. 2012; 52 (3): 263-72.
 
[18]  Forbes GB. Lean body mass – body fat interrelationships in humans. Nutr. Rev. 1987; 45 (8): 225-31.
 
[19]  Lesser IA, Dick TJM, Guenette JA, Hoogbruin A, Mackey DC, Singer, Lear SA. The association between cardiorespiratory fitness and abdominal adiposity in postmenopausal, physically inactive South Asian women. Prev. Med. Rep. 2015; 2:783-7.
 
[20]  Sallis JF, Patterson TL, Buono MJ, Nader PR. Relation of cardiovascular fitness and physical activity to cardiovascular disease risk factors in children and adults. Am. J. Epidemiol. 1988; 127(5): 933-41.