Journal of Physical Activity Research
ISSN (Print): 2576-1919 ISSN (Online): 2574-4437 Website: Editor-in-chief: Peter Hart
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Journal of Physical Activity Research. 2020, 5(2), 72-78
DOI: 10.12691/jpar-5-2-2
Open AccessArticle

Use of Wearable Device among Adults in the US with Self-reported Diabetes Mellitus: An Analysis of the 2019 Health Information National Trends Survey

Victor Kekere1, , Henry Onyeaka2, Olubunmi Fatoki3, Kudirat Olatunde4, Somto Enemuo5, Chidi Asuzu6 and Onoriode Kesiena7

1Neuroscience, University of Hartford, West Hartford, USA

2Psychiatry, Harvard School of Public Health, Boston, USA

3Biomedical Science, Liberty University, Virginia, USA

4Public Health, George Washington University, DC, USA

5Public Health, Oregon State University, Corvallis, USA

6Medicine, University of Port Harcourt, Port Harcourt, NGA

7Internal Medicine, Piedmont Athens Regional Medical Center, GA, USA

Pub. Date: September 08, 2020

Cite this paper:
Victor Kekere, Henry Onyeaka, Olubunmi Fatoki, Kudirat Olatunde, Somto Enemuo, Chidi Asuzu and Onoriode Kesiena. Use of Wearable Device among Adults in the US with Self-reported Diabetes Mellitus: An Analysis of the 2019 Health Information National Trends Survey. Journal of Physical Activity Research. 2020; 5(2):72-78. doi: 10.12691/jpar-5-2-2


Objective: To evaluate the prevalence, patterns, and sociodemographic predictors of wearable device use among individuals with self-reported diabetes mellitus. Methods: Data for our analysis was drawn from cycle 3 (2019) of the 5th edition of the Health Information National Trends Survey (HINTS 5). Descriptive statistics were used to evaluate the demographic characteristics, prevalence, and frequency of wearable device use among individuals with diabetes mellitus. Multivariable logistic regression was used to identify the sociodemographic predictors of wearable device use. Results: We identified 1149 individuals who self-reported diabetes mellitus. Of these, 51.2% were females, 59.3% were white, and 51.6% had less than a college education. The prevalence of wearable device use was 20%. Further, a sizable proportion (86.1%) of the wearable device users were willing to share information from their wearable devices with their healthcare provider, and almost half of them (43.4%) reported daily use of these devices in the past 1-month. Significant sociodemographic predictors of wearable device use include age, income, and level of education. Conclusion: Our results highlight the feasibility and acceptability of using wearable devices to deliver evidence-based health care to individuals with diabetes. Future interventions should consider the scalability of these tools and how to reach those subgroups of individuals with diabetes mellitus to whom current technologies may be unavailable.

wearable device diabetes mellitus weight loss physical activity tracking health behaviors

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