Journal of Physical Activity Research
ISSN (Print): 2574-4437 ISSN (Online): 2574-4437 Website: http://www.sciepub.com/journal/jpar Editor-in-chief: Peter Hart
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Journal of Physical Activity Research. 2019, 4(2), 80-89
DOI: 10.12691/jpar-4-2-1
Open AccessArticle

Exploration of the Effect of a Daily Structured Physical Activity Programme on Secondary School Students’ Body Measurements and Attitudes

Professor Valerie Stoute1, Nicole Camille Parris2, and Euclid Nicholas-Sammy3

1Environmental and Postgraduate Studies and Research, The University of Trinidad and Tobago, Arima, Trinidad and Tobago

2Science Department, Ministry of Education, Port of Spain, Trinidad and Tobago

3Curriculum Division, Ministry of Education, Port of Spain, Trinidad and Tobago

Pub. Date: May 04, 2019

Cite this paper:
Professor Valerie Stoute, Nicole Camille Parris and Euclid Nicholas-Sammy. Exploration of the Effect of a Daily Structured Physical Activity Programme on Secondary School Students’ Body Measurements and Attitudes. Journal of Physical Activity Research. 2019; 4(2):80-89. doi: 10.12691/jpar-4-2-1

Abstract

This study explores the potential of a structured programme of daily physical activity to have a beneficial effect on students’ attitudes and body measurements. An action research study was conducted at a co-educational school with a sample of 21 students aged from 13 to 15years. It was carried out during the lunch period for 30 minutes or more each session over a six-week period for three days per week. The students were measured (height, weight, waist, hip, chest, BMI, and % body fat) at the beginning and at the end of the programme. They were also surveyed, at the beginning, on their then current patterns of engagement in physical activity and on their views on the importance of physical education in maintaining a healthy lifestyle. At the end of the programme, they were surveyed again on what they perceived as the benefits and disadvantages of the programme. In addition to the surveys, Observations and Field notes were used. Statistical Data Analysis was carried out using SPSS V.22. The significance of any changes over the course of the programme in weight, waist measurement, hip measurement, % body fat, or BMI was estimated using a Repeated Measures General Linear Model (GLM) analysis with sex as the independent variable and with the students’ initial heights and ages as covariates. There was no statistically significant difference in any of the biometric measurements, although there were downward trends in waist (for girls) and hip (for boys) measurements, BMI, and % body fat. Participants held positive views of the programme and of its benefits to them with 95% indicating that the programme should be repeated. The researchers’ observations and field notes supported the students reported positive responses since it was noted that students improved in fitness and enjoyed the activity throughout the programme.

Keywords:
action research structured physical activity Repeated Measures statistical design biometric measurements

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