Journal of Physical Activity Research
ISSN (Print): 2574-4437 ISSN (Online): 2574-4437 Website: http://www.sciepub.com/journal/jpar Editor-in-chief: Peter Hart
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Journal of Physical Activity Research. 2019, 4(1), 47-50
DOI: 10.12691/jpar-4-1-5
Open AccessArticle

Changes in Performance on the Balance Board Test and Motor Fitness over Time in Elderly Women

Hiroki Sugiura1, , Shunsuke Yamaji2, Takayoshi Yamada3, Shigeru Shimada1, Takanori Noguchi1 and Tomohisa Yokoya1

1Faculty of Sports and Health Sciences, Fukui University of Technology, Fukui, Japan

2Faculty of Medical Sciences, University of Fukui, Fukui, Japan

3Faculty of Education, Humanities and Social Sciences, University of Fukui, Fukui, Japan

Pub. Date: January 21, 2019

Cite this paper:
Hiroki Sugiura, Shunsuke Yamaji, Takayoshi Yamada, Shigeru Shimada, Takanori Noguchi and Tomohisa Yokoya. Changes in Performance on the Balance Board Test and Motor Fitness over Time in Elderly Women. Journal of Physical Activity Research. 2019; 4(1):47-50. doi: 10.12691/jpar-4-1-5

Abstract

The balance board (BB) test is used to assess balance ability, but, with age, individuals become unable to successfully perform the test. Our objective was to investigate the changes in performance on the BB test and motor fitness over time in elderly women. A total of 52 elderly women who were able to stand on both legs on a rocking unstable board for 20 s were enrolled. Subjects were classified into two groups according to their ability to perform the task 1 year later [able group (A); n = 35] or not [unable group (U); n = 17]. The results of our analysis indicated that the height of women in the U group had decreased over the 1-year period. At both time points, the women in the U group had worse one-leg standing and walking times than those in the A group. Our findings indicate that inferior motor fitness in the pre-stage and reduced height after 1 year are factors that contribute to the poor performance of elderly people on the BB test.

Keywords:
annual change dynamic balance ability unstable board

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