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Article

Management of Keloids and Hypertrophic Scars: Role of Nutrition, Drugs, Cryotherapy and Phototherapy

1Department of Clinical Pharmacy, College of Pharmacy, Taif University, Taif, Saudi Arabia

2Department of Pharmacology, Faculty of Medicine, Tanta University, Tanta, Egypt

3Department of Pharmacology and Toxicology, Faculty of Pharmacy, Taif University, Taif, Saudi Arabia


Journal of Nutrition and Health. 2014, 2(2), 28-32
DOI: 10.12691/jnh-2-2-4
Copyright © 2014 Science and Education Publishing

Cite this paper:
Ibrahim A Maghrabi, Ahmed M Kabel. Management of Keloids and Hypertrophic Scars: Role of Nutrition, Drugs, Cryotherapy and Phototherapy. Journal of Nutrition and Health. 2014; 2(2):28-32. doi: 10.12691/jnh-2-2-4.

Correspondence to: Ahmed  M Kabel, Department of Pharmacology, Faculty of Medicine, Tanta University, Tanta, Egypt. Email: drakabel@gmail.com

Abstract

Keloids and hypertrophic scars are characterized by excessive deposition of dermal collagen with resultant scar tissue. This scar tissue is benign, non-contagious and sometimes accompanied by severe itching, sharp pains and changes in texture. In severe cases, it can affect movement of skin and may ulcerate. There are various lines of treatment of keloids and hypertrophic scars including nutritional therapy, drug therapy, radiation therapy, phototherapy cryotherapy and surgical excision.

Keywords

References

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Article

A Study of Biochemical and Hematological Markers in Alcoholic Liver Cirrhosis

1Department of Biochemistry ,Government Medical College, Nagpur, India

2Department of Biochemistry, Chalmeda Anandarao Institute of Medical Sciences, Karimnagar, India

3Department of Microbiology, Prathima Institute of Medical Sciences, Karimnagar, India


Journal of Nutrition and Health. 2014, 2(2), 24-27
DOI: 10.12691/jnh-2-2-3
Copyright © 2014 Science and Education Publishing

Cite this paper:
Neelesh Deshpande, Sabitha Kandi, Manohar Muddeshwar Rajkumar Das, K V Ramana. A Study of Biochemical and Hematological Markers in Alcoholic Liver Cirrhosis. Journal of Nutrition and Health. 2014; 2(2):24-27. doi: 10.12691/jnh-2-2-3.

Correspondence to: K  V Ramana, Department of Microbiology, Prathima Institute of Medical Sciences, Karimnagar, India. Email: ramana_20021@rediffmail.com

Abstract

Progressive fibrosis and cirrhosis, clinically presenting as end-stage liver disease are common outcomes in alcoholic Liver disease (ALD) patients. A variety of laboratory tests are available to assist in the progression and diagnosis of cirrhosis to end stage liver disease. The aim of this study is to identify potential novel biomarkers for progression of cirrhosis to end-stage liver cirrhosis. The biomarkers evaluated in this study included liver function indicators including serum ferritin, prothrombin time, albumin, total bilirubin, alanine aminotransferase (ALT), aspartate aminotransferase (AST), gamma-glutamyltransferase (GGT), renal parameters (urea and creatinine) and red blood cell counts, hemoglobin and blood glucose. The study included two groups based on severity of cirrhosis of liver; categorized as compensated and decompensated liver cirrhotic patients based on child Pugh criteria. All decompensated cirrhotic patients in the study group had significantly elevated biomarkers levels (P<0.001) than those with compensated cirrhotic patients and control group who were not suffering from liver cirrhosis. Thus these results suggest that elevated and altered liver and hematological biomarkers are associated with pathogenesis and progression of liver cirrhosis.

Keywords

References

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Article

Carotene and Antioxidant Capacity of Dunaliella Salina Strains

1School of Biotechnology, International University-VNU, Vietnam


Journal of Nutrition and Health. 2014, 2(2), 21-23
DOI: 10.12691/jnh-2-2-2
Copyright © 2014 Science and Education Publishing

Cite this paper:
Trung Vo, Duc Tran. Carotene and Antioxidant Capacity of Dunaliella Salina Strains. Journal of Nutrition and Health. 2014; 2(2):21-23. doi: 10.12691/jnh-2-2-2.

Correspondence to: Duc  Tran, School of Biotechnology, International University-VNU, Vietnam. Email: tnduc@hcmiu.edu.vn

Abstract

Beta-carotene is a terpenoid pigment that is highly valuable due to its nutritional benefit as a precursor of vitamin A and its antioxidant properties. A marine green alga Dunaliella salina is well known for high carotene, with above 95% β-carotene, under growth-limiting conditions. Carotene contents are different among D. salina strains and under different culture conditions. Selecting a Dunaliella salina strain with high carotene amount for mass cultivation is crucial. Hence, this study aimed to select a candidate Dunaliella salina for carotene production. Analysis of total carotene contents and antioxidant capacities from 8 different local isolated D. salina strains (A9, A10, A11, A12, A13, D, E and G) and 2 imported strains (D. salina CCAP 19/18 and D. bardawil DCCBC 15) revealed that D. bardawil DCCBC 15 excelled than other strains basing on total carotene and antioxidant capacity per cell and per volume of culture.

Keywords

References

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Article

Amino Acid and Heavy Metal Composition of Afzelia africana Leaves

1Department of Pure and Industrial Chemistry, Nnamdi Azikiwe University, Awka, Nigeria

2Department of Chemistry, Tansian University, Oba, Nigeria

3Department of Chemistry, University of Abuja, Gwagwalada, Nigeria


Journal of Nutrition and Health. 2014, 2(2), 17-20
DOI: 10.12691/jnh-2-2-1
Copyright © 2014 Science and Education Publishing

Cite this paper:
Umedum Ngozi Lillian, Nwosu Christian Chisom, Udeozo Ifeoma Prisca, Igwemmar Noela Chinyere. Amino Acid and Heavy Metal Composition of Afzelia africana Leaves. Journal of Nutrition and Health. 2014; 2(2):17-20. doi: 10.12691/jnh-2-2-1.

Correspondence to: Umedum  Ngozi Lillian, Department of Pure and Industrial Chemistry, Nnamdi Azikiwe University, Awka, Nigeria. Email: Umedum.ng@gmail.com

Abstract

Malnutrition is one of the major problems in Nigeria and other developing countries. The country is blessed with rich soil and favorable climate, but lack of irrigation facilities has resulted to seasonality; and ignorance of nutritional value of lesser-known vegetables have contributed to scarcity of vegetables for the increasing population. This study investigated the amino acid and heavy metal composition of Afzelia africana leaves. Sixteen amino acids were found in varying proportions in the protein of the vegetable. All essential amino acids, except methionine and tryptophan were present in good quantities. Phenylalanine had the highest concentration of 2.27g/100g protein while isoleucine had the lowest concentration of 1.71g/ 100g protein. The heavy metal analysis was done by atomic absorption spectrometry. Results obtained showed the presence of the essential metals: iron (8.49ppm) and nickel (0.03ppm); and the non-essential metals: lead (0.75ppm) and mercury (0.64ppm). Results revealed that the protein contained in the leaves of Afzelia africana is of high quality; however the presence of the toxic metals is an issue of great concern.

Keywords

References

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