World Journal of Nutrition and Health
ISSN (Print): 2379-7819 ISSN (Online): 2379-7827 Website: Editor-in-chief: Srinivas NAMMI
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World Journal of Nutrition and Health. 2014, 2(1), 1-9
DOI: 10.12691/jnh-2-1-1
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The Role of Family/Friend Social Support in Diabetes Self-Management for Minorities with Type 2 Diabetes

Joan A. Vaccaro1, Joel C. Exebio1, Gustavo G. Zarini1 and Fatma G. Huffman1,

1Florida International University, Robert Stempel College of Public Health and Social Work, Department of Dietetics and Nutrition

Pub. Date: February 11, 2014

Cite this paper:
Joan A. Vaccaro, Joel C. Exebio, Gustavo G. Zarini and Fatma G. Huffman. The Role of Family/Friend Social Support in Diabetes Self-Management for Minorities with Type 2 Diabetes. World Journal of Nutrition and Health. 2014; 2(1):1-9. doi: 10.12691/jnh-2-1-1


This study investigated how ethnicity, perceived family/friend social support (FSS), and health behaviors are associated with diabetes self-management (DSM) in minorities. The participants were recruited by community outreach methods and included 174 Cuban-, 121 Haitian- and 110 African-Americans with type 2 diabetes. The results indicated that ethnicity and FSS were associated with DSM. Higher FSS scores were associated with higher DSM scores, independent of ethnicity. There were ethnic differences in several elements of FSS. DSM was highest in Haitian- as compared to African-Americans; yet Haitian Americans had poorer glycemic control. The findings suggest FSS together with ethnicity may influence critical health practices. Studies are needed that further investigate the relationships among minorities with diabetes, their intimate network (family and friends) and the diabetes care process.

family and friend social support diabetes self-management ethnicity minorities type 2 diabetes

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