World Journal of Nutrition and Health
ISSN (Print): 2379-7819 ISSN (Online): 2379-7827 Website: http://www.sciepub.com/journal/jnh Editor-in-chief: Srinivas NAMMI
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World Journal of Nutrition and Health. 2022, 10(1), 25-34
DOI: 10.12691/jnh-10-1-4
Open AccessArticle

Anthropometric and Biochemical Indicators for Protein Energy Malnutrition in Children Aged 0-36 Months in Douala, Cameroon

Franck Stephane G. Demyo1, Marlyne-Joséphine Mananga1, 2, Nicolas Policarpe Nolla1, Adelaïde Mawamba Demasse1 and Marie Modestine Kana Sop1,

1Laboratory of Biochemistry, Department of Biochemistry, Faculty of Science, University of Douala, Cameroon

2Laboratory for Food Science and Metabolism, Department of Biochemistry, Faculty of Science, University of Yaoundé I, Cameroon

Pub. Date: April 15, 2022

Cite this paper:
Franck Stephane G. Demyo, Marlyne-Joséphine Mananga, Nicolas Policarpe Nolla, Adelaïde Mawamba Demasse and Marie Modestine Kana Sop. Anthropometric and Biochemical Indicators for Protein Energy Malnutrition in Children Aged 0-36 Months in Douala, Cameroon. World Journal of Nutrition and Health. 2022; 10(1):25-34. doi: 10.12691/jnh-10-1-4

Abstract

Malnutrition is still a major public health problem in Cameroon. Children, pregnant women, and lactating mothers are the most affected groups. The diagnosis is usually made clinically, but the interest of some clinical essays areimportant to evaluate the severity and facilitate an early detection of albuminemia. This study was designed to assess some anthropometric and biochemical indicators of protein-energy malnutrition (PEM) on children aged from 0-36 months in two hospitals in Douala, using descriptive and analytical methodology. A sampling of 366 children was carried out in two hospitals in Douala namely, the Bonassama District Hospital (HDB) and the Ndogbati Protestant Hospital. A questionnaire related to sociodemographic data such as breastfeeding and complementary feeding practices, was used. Anthropometric measurements of the children were taken. Subsequently, blood samples were taken from children whose parents gave their consent. The classification of protein-energy malnutrition (PEM) according to Waterlow showed that 3.57% of children suffered from PEM without oedema. Gomez’s classification showed that 12.75% of children were underweight. The Z-score’s classification showed that wasting (4.1%), underweight (5.12%), stunting (11.2%) and global malnutrition (7.65%) were present among the children. In addition, biochemical analyses showed that 8.77% of underweight, 14.03% of wasted children and 12.28% of stunted children were hypo albuminemic. There was also a statistically strong significant relationship between weight for height (W/H), weight for age (W/A) and serum albumin concentration. The nutritional status of the children was therefore significantly influenced by childhood diseases, sociodemographic parameters, breastfeeding and complementary feeding practices of mothers.

Keywords:
breast feeding children 0-36 months complementary feeding protein-energy malnutrition serum albumin Cameroon

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