World Journal of Nutrition and Health
ISSN (Print): 2379-7819 ISSN (Online): 2379-7827 Website: http://www.sciepub.com/journal/jnh Editor-in-chief: Srinivas NAMMI
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World Journal of Nutrition and Health. 2019, 7(2), 35-41
DOI: 10.12691/jnh-7-2-2
Open AccessArticle

Folate and Homocysteine Status among the Egyptian Adults

Samar Abd-El Mohsen Ali1 and Maged Ossama Aly1,

1Nutrition Department, High Institute of Public Health, Alexandria University, Egypt

Pub. Date: November 11, 2019

Cite this paper:
Samar Abd-El Mohsen Ali and Maged Ossama Aly. Folate and Homocysteine Status among the Egyptian Adults. World Journal of Nutrition and Health. 2019; 7(2):35-41. doi: 10.12691/jnh-7-2-2

Abstract

Background: Folate is a key nutrient that plays a major role in promoting health, prevention of neural tube defects in infants, and reducing the risk of cardiovascular diseases among adults and the elderly. Objective: The aim was to assess the dietary folate status among the Egyptian adults and its relation to some laboratory parameters. Subjects: A cross-sectional study was conducted on 100 apparently healthy Alexandria University employees of both sexes. Data was collected for socio-economic characteristics and dietary intake was assessed by a 24-h recall method. Blood samples were collected from participants and serum folate was analyzed using a microbiological assay, while High-Performance Liquid Chromatography (HPLC) was used for the determination of homocysteine. Results: The mean dietary folate intake of participants was 257.6 ± 126.9 µg/day with higher intake among males than females. Overall mean serum folate level was 9.7 ± 5.7 nmol/l and folate deficiency identified among 21% of participants. The mean homocysteine level of the participants was 12.8 ± 4.8 µmol/l and hyperhomocysteinemia was present in 54% of the whole sample. Women in childbearing age had a higher mean dietary folate intake than that in older females (252.9± 135.6 vs. 234.5± 91.3µg/day respectively) and only 15.1% of them had adequate folate intake. Conclusions: The highest percentage of participants had folate intake lower than RDA. Favorable serum folate was detected in most of the participants while more than half of participants had hyperhomocysteinemia.

Keywords:
folate homocysteine adults childbearing age women HPLC Egypt

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