Journal of Mechanical Design and Vibration
ISSN (Print): 2376-9564 ISSN (Online): 2376-9572 Website: http://www.sciepub.com/journal/jmdv Editor-in-chief: Shravan H. Gawande
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Journal of Mechanical Design and Vibration. 2017, 5(1), 27-36
DOI: 10.12691/jmdv-5-1-4
Open AccessArticle

Performance Mapping of an Aluminum - Nitinol Composite Vibrating Beam

Nicholas G. Garafolo1, and Rachel J. Collard1

1Department of Mechanical Engineering, The University of Akron, Akron, OH 44325, U.S.A.

Pub. Date: June 01, 2017

Cite this paper:
Nicholas G. Garafolo and Rachel J. Collard. Performance Mapping of an Aluminum - Nitinol Composite Vibrating Beam. Journal of Mechanical Design and Vibration. 2017; 5(1):27-36. doi: 10.12691/jmdv-5-1-4

Abstract

Dynamic control of a vibrating beam is critical to the efforts of mitigation of high cycle fatigue, as it is a leading cause of component or engine failure. Recent advances in composite structures have afford the ability to control the eigenvalue, eigenvectors, and amplitude of vibration through the use of the shape memory effect of shape memory alloys (e.g. Nitinol). These “smart materials” are proven to create active damping and variable stiffness in engine components is an innovative concept. Research presented herein seeks to quantify the effectiveness of Nitinol as a HCF mitigation technique and map the frequency and damping performance. A composite beam consisting of a Nitinol topical actuator adhered to an aluminum alloy 6061 substrate was designed and fabricated. Test specimens comprised two configurations: (1) a composite beam with the topical treatment encompassing the full span of free length of the beam, and (2) a composite beam with the topical treatment encompassing half the span the free length of the beam. Benchtop tests allowed for the determination both modal frequency and damping of the aluminum - Nitinol composite beam with an 8 in. free length. Modal analyses were taken over a selected frequency range using a single point laser vibrometer, excited using a dynamic shaker. Experimental studies were completed over a frequency range which represented the second bending mode. Quality factor values, Q, of approximately 200 were observed. No correlation, however, with phase transformation was realized. The design space charts for temperature, modal frequency, and beam tip amplitude were compiled for both the full-span and half-span sample for second bending mode. These charts graphically depict how tip amplitude changes with varied temperature and illustrate the design capabilities created through the use of shape memory alloy components in dynamic applications.

Keywords:
shape memory alloys thin foil vibration high cycle fatigue turbomachinery damping

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