Journal of Mechanical Design and Vibration
ISSN (Print): 2376-9564 ISSN (Online): 2376-9572 Website: Editor-in-chief: Shravan H. Gawande
Open Access
Journal Browser
Journal of Mechanical Design and Vibration. 2015, 3(1), 1-7
DOI: 10.12691/jmdv-3-1-1
Open AccessArticle

Extracted Biodiesel as Feed for Internal Combustion Engine

Wubishet Degife1, Melkamu Ashenafi1, Raja Thiyagarajan1 and Omprakash Sahu2,

1Department of Mechanical Engineering, KIOT Wollo University, Kombolcha (SW), Ethiopia

2Department of Chemical Engineering, KIOT Wollo University, Kombolcha (SW), Ethiopia

Pub. Date: February 27, 2015

Cite this paper:
Wubishet Degife, Melkamu Ashenafi, Raja Thiyagarajan and Omprakash Sahu. Extracted Biodiesel as Feed for Internal Combustion Engine. Journal of Mechanical Design and Vibration. 2015; 3(1):1-7. doi: 10.12691/jmdv-3-1-1


Diesel fuel is very important for countries’ economy due to it has wide area of usage such as long haul truck, transportation, railroad, agricultural and construction equipment. Diesel fuel contains different hydrocarbons sulfur and contamination of crude oil residues. On the other side biodiesel does not contain any sulfur, aromatic hydrocarbons, metals and crude oil residues, which reduced the pollution level in Environment. In this work sunflower oil is used for production of biodiesel. In experiment catalysis loading 20%wt/wt, average 5 h methanol oil ration 15:1 and reaction temperature 150°C found to be suitable for biodiesel production. As well as 20% of biodiesel added with diesel show good performance in internal combustion engine.

Biodiesel High-acid oil saturated fatty acids Transesterification

Creative CommonsThis work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License. To view a copy of this license, visit


[1]  Liaquat, A.M.; Kalam, M.A.; Masjuki, H.H.; Jayed, M.H. Potential emission reduction in road transport sector using biofuel in developing countries. Atmos. Environ. 2010, 44, 3869-3877.
[2]  Lin, C.Y.; Huang, T.H.; Cost-benefit evaluation of using biodiesel as an alternative fuel for fishing boats in Taiwan. Mar. Policy 2012, 36, 103-107.
[3]  Boey, P.L.; Ganesan, S.; Maniam, G.P.; Khairuddean, M.; Lim, S.L. A new catalyst system in transesterification of palm olein: Tolerance of water and free fatty acids. Energy Convers. Manag. 2012, 56, 46-52.
[4]  Anitescu, G.; Bruno, T.J. Fluid properties needed in supercritical transesterification of triglyceride feedstocks to biodiesel fuels for efficient and clean combustion—A review. J. Supercrit. Fluids 2012, 63, 133-149.
[5]  Haas, M.J.; Scott, K.M.; Alleman, T.L.; McCormick, R.L. Engine performance of biodiesel fuel prepared from soybean soapstock: A high quality renewable fuel produced from a waste feedstock. Energy Fuels 2001, 15, 1207-1212.
[6]  Park, J.Y.; Wang, Z.M.; Kim, D.K.; Lee, J.S. Effects of water on the esterification of free fatty acids by acid catalysts. Renew. Energy 2010, 35, 614-618.
[7]  Boer, K.; Bahri, P.A. Supercritical methanol for fatty acid methyl ester production: A review. Biomass Bioenergy 2011, 35, 983-991.
[8]  Haas, M. Improving the economics of biodiesel production through the use of low value lipids as feedstocks: Vegetable oil soapstock. Fuel Process. Technol. 2005, 86, 1087-1096.
[9]  Azocar, L.; Ciudad, G.; Heipieper, H.J.; Navia, R. Biotechnological processes for biodiesel production using alternative oils. Appl. Microbiol. Biotechnol. 2010, 88, 621-636.
[10]  Anitescu, G.; Deshpande, A.; Tavlarides, L.L. Integrated technology for supercritical biodiesel production and power cogeneration. Energy Fuels 2008, 22, 1391-1399.
[11]  Bunyakiat, K.; Makmee, S.; Sawangkeaw, R.; Ngamprasertsith, S. Continuous production of biodiesel via transesterification from vegetable oils in supercritical methanol. Energy Fuels 2006, 20, 812-817.
[12]  Operational Manual for the Supercritical-Methanol Reacting System; Jeoou Rong Industrial Corp.: Taipei, Taiwan, 2006.
[13]  Operational Instruction Manual for the 1266 Isoperibol Bomb Calorimeter; Parr Instrument Company: Moline, IL, USA, 1988.
[14]  Pulkrabek, W.W. Thermochemistry and Fuels. In Engineering Fundamentals of the Internal Combustion Engine, 2nd ed.; Pearson Prentice-Hall Inc.: Singapore, 2004; pp. 168-169.
[15]  Lin, C.Y.; Chiu, C.C. Characteristics of palm-oil biodiesel under long-term storage conditions. Energy Convers Manag. 2010, 51, 1464-1467.
[16]  Hoekman, S.K.; Broch, A.; Robbins, C.; Ceniceros, E.; Natarajan, M. Review of biodiesel composition, properties, and specifications. Renew. Sust. Energy Rev. 2012, 16, 143-169.
[17]  Demirbas, A. Studies on cottonseed oil biodiesel prepared in non-catalytic SCF conditions. Bioresour. Technol. 2008, 99, 1125-1130.
[18]  Focke, W.W.; Westhuizen, I.; Grobler, A.B.L.; Nshoane, K.T.; Reddy, J.K.; Luyt, A.S. The effect of synthetic antioxidants on the oxidative stability of biodiesel. Fuel 2012, 94, 227-233.
[19]  Arisoy, K. Oxidative and thermal instability of biodiesel. Energy Source 2008, 30 1516-1522.
[20]  Aktas, D.F.; Lee, J.S.; Little, B.J.; Ray, R.I.; Davidova, I.A.; Lyles, C.N.; Suflita, J.M. Anaerobic metabolism of biodiesel and its impact on metal corrosion. Energy Fuels 2010, 24, 2924-2928.
[21]  Lapuerta, M.; Rodrıguez-Fernandez, J.; Fermın Oliva, F.; Canoira, L. Biodiesel from low-grade animal fats: diesel engine performance and Emissions. Energy Fuels 2009, 23, 121-129.
[22]  Lin, C.Y.; Li, R.J. Fuel properties of biodiesel produced from the crude fish oil from the soapstock of marine fish. Fuel Process. Technol. 2009, 90, 130-136.
[23]  Kotwal MS, Niphadkar PS, Deshpande SS, Bokade VV, Joshi PN. Transesterification of sunflower oil catalyzed by fly ash-based solid catalysts. Fuel 2009: 88: 1773-78.
[24]  Artkla S, Grisdanurak N, Neramittagapong S, Wittayakun J. Characterization and catalytic performance on transesterification of palm olein of potassium oxide supported on RH-MCM-41 from rice husk silica. Suranaree J. Sci. Technol 2008; 15 (2): 133-38.
[25]  Ramos MJ, Casas A, Rodriguez L, Romero R, Perez A. Transesterification of sunflower oil over zeolites using different metal loading: A case of leaching and agglomeration studies. Applied Catalysis A: General 2008; 346 (1-2): 79-85.
[26]  Knothe, G. Dependence of biodiesel fuel properties on the structure of fatty acid alkyl esters. Fuel Process. Technol. 2005, 86, 1056-1070.
[27]  Ramadhas, A.S.; Jayaraj, S.; Muraleedharan, C.; Padmakumari, K. Artificial neural networks used for the prediction of the cetane number of biodiesel. Renew. Energy 2006, 31, 2524-2533.
[28]  Georgogianni KG, Katsoulidis AP, Pomonis PJ, Kontominas MG. Transesterification of soybean frying oil to biodiesel using heterogeneous catalysts. Fuel Processing Technology 2009; 90: 671-76.
[29]  Van Gerpen VJ, Shanks B, Pruszko R, Clement D, Knothe G. Basics of biodiesel production, biodiesel production technology. NREL/ SR-510-36244, Colorado, 2004; 1-22.
[30]  Altıparmak D, Keskin A, Koca A, Gu¨ ru¨ M. Alternative fuel properties of tall oil fatty acid methyl esters-diesel fuel blends. Bioresour Technol 2007; 98: 241-246.
[31]  Keskin A, Gu¨ ru¨ M, Altıparmak D. Biodiesel production from tall oil with synthesized Mn and Ni based additives on fuel consumption and emissions. Fuel 2007; 7-8: 1139-43.
[32]  Silva FN, Prata AS, Teixeira JR. Technical feasibility assessment of oleic sunflower methyl ester utilization in diesel bus engines. Energy Convers Manage 2003; 44: 2857-78.