Journal of Innovations in Teaching and Learning
ISSN (Print): ISSN Pending ISSN (Online): ISSN Pending Website: http://www.sciepub.com/journal/jitl Editor-in-chief: Laila S. Lomibao
Open Access
Journal Browser
Go
Journal of Innovations in Teaching and Learning. 2021, 1(1), 36-40
DOI: 10.12691/jitl-1-1-7
Open AccessArticle

Online Distance Learning (ODL) Storytelling: Improving Attention, Activity Level and Related Behavior of Autism Pupil

Michael E. Ecoben1,

1City Central School, Cagayan de Oro City, Philippines

Pub. Date: March 21, 2021

Cite this paper:
Michael E. Ecoben. Online Distance Learning (ODL) Storytelling: Improving Attention, Activity Level and Related Behavior of Autism Pupil. Journal of Innovations in Teaching and Learning. 2021; 1(1):36-40. doi: 10.12691/jitl-1-1-7

Abstract

Several researches confirmed the cognitive importance of digital storytelling in supporting learning. The study aimed to observe the behavioral changes of autism pupils specifically their attention, activity and other related behaviors through online distance storytelling. The participant of the study belong to the Online Distance Learning (ODL) Grade 6 class of a local elementary school. Descriptive research designed was used. In gathering the data the teacher rated the pupil before and after the storytelling in terms of the behavior being observed. A standardized Behavior Checklist was used a research instrument. In over one month of session of online storytelling, the pupil's behavior improve in terms of focus, level of action, and related actions. Based on the findings, storytelling delivered through ODL positively affect the behavior of the pupil. The consequence of these examinations show that the use of storytelling as a teaching and learning method modifies the behavior of autism pupil. The results further indicated that when learner is exposed to storytelling even in the online platform, they are most likely to engage themselves in the learning process and practice reflective learning as he processes information on a deeper, more meaningful level. Furthermore, the participant displayed evidence of transformational learning in terms of attention, activity level and related behavior. Presently with the development and openness of interactive media devices, the act of narrating as an advising device with kids can be extended using innovation.

Keywords:
Online Storytelling autism action research attention activity Level online learning

Creative CommonsThis work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License. To view a copy of this license, visit http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/

References:

[1]  Crozier, W., 2005. Shyness and Students' Perceptions of Seminars. Psychology Learning & Teaching, 4(1), pp.27-34.
 
[2]  Taylor, S., 2021. Important Ways Storytelling Can Benefit Kids with Autism – Autism Parenting Magazine. [online] Autism Parenting Magazine. Available at: shorturl.at/esuW8.
 
[3]  Caine, R. N., Caine, G., McClintic, C., & Klimek, K. J. (2015). 12 Brain/Mind Learning Principles in Action: Teach for the Development of Higher-Order Thinking and Executive Function. Corwin Press.
 
[4]  Giuliani, F., Marchetti, B., Perrenoud, V. and El Korh, P., 2021. [online] Longdom.org. Available at: shorturl.at/mLQZ3
 
[5]  Richter, M. & Koppet, K. (2001). Training and performance and/or team and organization development sourcebook. New York, NY: McGraw Hill.
 
[6]  Kagohara, D. M., Sigafoos, J., Achmadi, D., O'Reilly, M. F., & Lancioni, G. (2012). Teaching children with autism spectrum disorders to check the spelling of words. Research in Autism Spectrum Disorders, 6, 304-310.
 
[7]  Herbert, N., de Salas, K., Lewis, I., Dermoudy, J., & Ellis, L. (2014, January). ICT curriculum and course structure: the great balancing act. In Proceedings of the Sixteenth Australasian Computing Education Conference-Volume 148 (pp. 21-30).
 
[8]  American Psychiatric Association. (2012). DSM-5 Proposed criteria for autism spectrum disorder designed to provide more accurate diagnosis and treatment. Retrieved March 12, 2021 from shorturl.at/gvEW2.
 
[9]  Gentry, T., Lau, S., Molinelli, A., Fallen, A., & Kriner, R. (2012). The Apple iPod Touch as a vocational support aid for adults with autism: Three case studies. Journal of Vocational Rehabilitation, 37(2), 75-85.
 
[10]  Johnson, L., Adams Becker, S., Cummins, M., Estrada, V., Freeman, A., & Ludgate, H. (2013). Technology Outlook: Community, Technical, and Junior Colleges 2013-2018. An NMC Horizon Project Sector Analysis. New Media Consortium.
 
[11]  Chen, W. (2012). Multitouch tabletop technology for people with autism spectrum disorder: A review of the literature. Procedia Computer Science, 14, 198-207.
 
[12]  Rossiter, M. (2002). Narrative stories in adult teaching and learning. Eric Digest. Retrieved February 20, 2021, from Ebsco Host database.
 
[13]  Alterio, M., & McDrury, J. (2003). Learning through storytelling in higher education: Using reflection and experience to improve learning. Routledge.
 
[14]  Simpson, R. L., & Myles, B. S. (1995). Facilitated communication and children with disabilities: An enigma in search of a perspective. Focus on Exceptional Children, 27(9), 1-16.
 
[15]  Walag, A. M. P., Fajardo, M. T. M., Guimary, F. M., & Bacarrisas, P. G. (2020). Science Teachers’ Self-Efficacy in Teaching Different K to 12 Science Subjects: The Case of Cagayan de Oro City, Philippines. Science International, 32(5), 587-592.
 
[16]  Digal, N. B. T., & Walag, A. M. P. (2019). Self-Efficacy, Study Habits and Teaching Strategies and It’s Influence on Student Science Performance: A Cross-Sectional Study. Asia Pacific J. Soc. Behav. Sci, 16, 51-76.
 
[17]  Schonert-Reichl, K. A., Oberle, E., Lawlor, M. S., Abbott, D., Thomson, K., Oberlander, T. F., & Diamond, A. (2015). Enhancing cognitive and social–emotional development through a simple-to-administer mindfulness-based school program for elementary school children: A randomized controlled trial. Developmental psychology, 51(1), 52.
 
[18]  Gonçalves, L. L., Voos, M. C., Almeida, M. H. M. D., & Caromano, F. A. (2017). Massage and storytelling reduce aggression and improve academic performance in children attending elementary school. Occupational therapy international, 2017.
 
[19]  Flórez-Aristizábal, L., Cano, S., Collazos, C. A., Benavides, F., Moreira, F., & Fardoun, H. M. (2019). Digital transformation to support literacy teaching to deaf children: From storytelling to digital interactive storytelling. Telematics and Informatics, 38, 87-99.
 
[20]  Walan, S. (2019). Teaching children science through storytelling combined with hands-on activities–a successful instructional strategy?. Education 3-13, 47(1), 34-46.
 
[21]  Kory Westlund, J. M., Jeong, S., Park, H. W., Ronfard, S., Adhikari, A., Harris, P. L., ... & Breazeal, C. L. (2017). Flat vs. expressive storytelling: young children’s learning and retention of a social robot’s narrative. Frontiers in human neuroscience, 11, 295.