Journal of Geosciences and Geomatics
ISSN (Print): 2373-6690 ISSN (Online): 2373-6704 Website: http://www.sciepub.com/journal/jgg Editor-in-chief: Maria TSAKIRI
Open Access
Journal Browser
Go
Journal of Geosciences and Geomatics. 2017, 5(2), 46-58
DOI: 10.12691/jgg-5-2-1
Open AccessArticle

Flood Risk Measuring under the Flood Protection Embankment Construction in Dhaka Metropolitan Zone

Marju Ben Sayed1, and Shigeko Haruyama1

1Graduate school of Bioresources, Mie University, 1577 Kurimamachiyacho, Tsu city, Mie Pref. Japan

Pub. Date: March 09, 2017

Cite this paper:
Marju Ben Sayed and Shigeko Haruyama. Flood Risk Measuring under the Flood Protection Embankment Construction in Dhaka Metropolitan Zone. Journal of Geosciences and Geomatics. 2017; 5(2):46-58. doi: 10.12691/jgg-5-2-1

Abstract

The flooding is a common feature for problem solution in rapidly urbanizing Dhaka city. In this research, evaluation of flood risk of Dhaka city in Bangladesh has been developed by using an integrated approach of GIS, remote sensing with socio-economic data. The purpose of the study is to evaluate the flooding risk concerning with the flood protection embankment in remarkable flooding events (1988, 1998 and 2004) and urbanization of Dhaka metropolitan zone. In this research, we considered the Dhaka city into two parts east Dhaka where is outside the flood protection embankment and west Dhaka where is inside the flood protection embankment. Using statistical data we explored the socio-economic status of the study area population by comparing density of population, land price and income level. We have drawn the cross section profile of the flood protection embankment into three different points for realizing the flooding risk in the study area, especially in the historical flooding year (1988, 1998 and 2004). According to the physical condition of the study area, the land use/land cover map has been classified into five classes. Comparing with each land cover unit, historical weather station data and the socio-economic data the flooding risk has been evaluated. Although various adaptation strategies for prevention infrastructure was developed on basis of 1988 memorial flood. As a result, urban area expansion has driven by infrastructure development by 10% and population growth by 5% inside the embankment area. The socio-economic development such as; the average total income inside of embankment has been increased 10 USD while the income outside the embankment remain same.

Keywords:
Land use/ land cover change Socio-economic Dhaka city GIS Flood

Creative CommonsThis work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License. To view a copy of this license, visit http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/

References:

[1]  F. Odemerho, (1993). Flood control failures in a Third World city: Benin City, Nigeria-some environmental factors and policy issues. GeoJourna129 (4): 371-376.
 
[2]  Rasid, H. (1982) Urban flood problem in Benin City, Nigeria: Natural or man-made? Malaysian Journal of Tropical Geography 6: 17-30.
 
[3]  H. Rasid, and M. A. H. Pramanik, (1993). Areal extent of the 1988 flood in Bangladesh: How much did the satellite imagery Show? Natural Hazards 8 (2): 189-200.
 
[4]  S. Huq, and Alam, M. (2003). ‘Flood Management and Vulnerability of Dhaka City’, Bangladesh Center of Advance Studies (BCAS). Dhaka.
 
[5]  FAP 8B, (1991). Intern Report No. 1 of FAP 8B, Dhaka integrated Flood Protection, Flood Plan Coordination Organization, Dhaka, Bangladesh, 1991.
 
[6]  I.M. Faisal, M.R. Kabir and A. Nishat (2003), The Disastrous Flood of 1998 and Long Term Mitigation Strategies for Dhaka City, Natural Hazard, Vol 28, pp.85-99.
 
[7]  Institute of Flood Control and Drainage Research (IFCDR), (1998): Impact of 1998 Flood on Dhaka City and Performance of Flood Control Works, Dhaka, pp. 76.
 
[8]  AM. DEWAN, M. NISHIGAKI, M. KOMATSU (2004), DEM based Flood Extent Delineation in Dhaka City, Bangladesh, Journal of the Faculty of Environmental Science and Technology, Okayama University Vol.9, No.1, pp.99·110.
 
[9]  Bangladesh Water Development Board (BWDB). (1991). Project performance for Dhaka Integrated Flood Protection Project. Open file report. Bangladesh Water Development Board and Planning commission, Ministry of Planning, Government of Bangladesh. Dhaka, Bangladesh.
 
[10]  S. Adnan, (1991). Floods, people and the environment. Research & Advisory Services, Dhaka, Bangladesh, 124 pp.
 
[11]  JICA. (1991). Master Plan for Greater Dhaka Protection Project (Study in Dhaka Metropolitan Area), FAP 8A, Main Report and Supporting Reports I and II. Flood Plan Coordination Organization. Dhaka: Japan International Cooperation Agency.
 
[12]  JICA. (1987). Study on Storm Water Drainage Improvement in Dhaka City. Ministry of Local Government, Rural Development and Cooperative, The People's Republic of Bangladesh. Dhaka: Japan International Cooperation Agency.
 
[13]  JICA. (1992). Feasibility Study on Greater Dhaka Protection Project (Study in Dhaka Metropolitan Area), FAP 8A, Main Report and Supporting Reports I and II. Flood Plan Coordination Organization. Dhaka: Japan International Cooperation Agency.
 
[14]  H. Rasid and A.U.Mallik (1996), Living on the Edge of Stagnant Water: An Assessment of Environmental Impacts of Construction-Phase Drainage Congestion along Dhaka City Flood Control Embankment, Bangladesh, Environmental Management Vol. 20, No. 1, pp. 89-98.
 
[15]  S.K. Bala, A.S. Islam, J.U. Chowdhury, M.R. Rahman, M. A. Haque, M. S. A. Khan and M. Salehin, (2009). Performance of flood control woks around Dhaka city during major floods in Bangladesh, 2nd International Conference on Water & Flood Management (ICWFM-2009).
 
[16]  B.M.Alam, L.N.Damole and E. Wickramanayake (1996); Effects of Flood Mitigation Measure: Lessons from Dhaka Flood Protection Project, Bangladesh; Asian Profile, Vol.24, No. 6
 
[17]  B.Das and I. Islam (2010), Analyzing the Proposals of FAP 8B Project of Dhaka and Present Context of Retention Pond Areas and Canals, Journal of Bangladesh Institute of Planners, Vol.3, Dec 2010,pp. 89-102.
 
[18]  Bangladesh Bureau of Statistics (BBS) (1991). Population census – 1991. Community series. Bangladesh Bureau of Statistics, Ministry of Planning, Dhaka
 
[19]  Bangladesh Bureau of Statistics (BBS) (2001). Population census – 2001. Zila series. Bangladesh Bureau of Statistics, Ministry of Planning, Dhaka
 
[20]  Bangladesh Bureau of Statistics (BBS) (2011). Population census – 2011. Preliminary report. Bangladesh Bureau of Statistics, Ministry of Planning, Dhaka
 
[21]  Bangladesh Bureau of Statistics (BBS) (2003) Population census – 2001. Community series. Bangladesh Bureau of Statistics, Ministry of Planning, Dhaka.
 
[22]  Bangladesh Bureau of Statistics (BBS) (2005) Statistical yearbook of Bangladesh. Bangladesh Bureau of Statistics, Ministry of Planning, Dhaka.
 
[23]  Dhaka Metropolitan Development Plan (DAP 2008) 1995-2015, Vol-I: Dhaka Detailed Area Plan 1995-2015, Survey Report, submitted by Ganibangla Ltd. & Development Design Consultant Ltd.
 
[24]  Bangladesh Bureau of Statistics (BBS) (2010) Compendium of environment statistics of Bangladesh 2009. Bangladesh Bureau of Statistics, Ministry of Planning, Dhaka.
 
[25]  Bangladesh Bureau of Statistics (BBS) (2008) Population census-2001. National series, Vol 3, Urban Area report. Bangladesh Bureau of Statistics, Ministry of Planning, Dhaka.
 
[26]  Bangladesh Bureau of Statistics (BBS) (2012) Population and housing census – 2011. Community report, Dhaka, Narayanganj and Gazipur Zila. Bangladesh Bureau of Statistics, Ministry of Planning, Dhaka.
 
[27]  Wang, Y. and Zhang, X. (2001) A Dynamic Modeling Approach to Simulating Socio Economic Effects on Landscape Changes. Ecological Modelling, 140, 141-162.
 
[28]  Hara, Y., Takeuchi, K. and Okubo, S. (2005) Urbanization Linked with Past Agricultural Land Use Patterns in the Urban Fringe of a Deltaic Asian Mega-City: A Case Study in Bangkok. Landscape and Urban Planning, 73, 16.
 
[29]  World Bank (1992) Indonesia: Agricultural Transformation Challenges and Opportunities. Report No. 1054-IND, Washington. http://wwwwds.worldbank.org/external/default/WDSContentServer/WDSP/IB/1992/09/01/000009265 _39610022055 15/Rendered/PDF/multi_page.pdf.
 
[30]  Dewan, A.M. and Yamaguchi, Y. (2009) Land Use and Land Cover Change in Greater Dhaka, Bangladesh: Using Remote Sensing to Promote Sustainable Urbanization. Applied Geography, 29, 390-401.
 
[31]  Sayed, M.B. and Haruyama, S. (2015) Dynamics of Land Use/Cover Change in Manikganj District, Bangladesh: A Case Study of Manikganj Sadar Upazila. Journal of Geographic Information System, 7, 579-587.
 
[32]  Sayed, M.B. and Haruyama, S. (2016) Urbanization Impact on Agricultural Land of Manikganj Pourashova, Bangladesh. International Journal of Sciences: Basic and Applied Research (IJSBAR), 28, 243-253.
 
[33]  M.A. Mohit (2000) Socio-economic and Environmental Impacts of flood control facilities in Dhaka city.
 
[34]  Enhancing Dhaka’s employment and productivity. Dhaka structure plan 2016-2035 RAJUK Urbanization and Migration in Bangladesh by UNFPA.
 
[35]  Sayed, M.B. and Haruyama, S. (2016). Evaluation of Flooding Risk in Greater Dhaka District Using Satellite Data and Geomorphological Land Classification Map. Journal of Geoscience and Environment Protection, 4, 110-127.