Journal of Geosciences and Geomatics
ISSN (Print): 2373-6690 ISSN (Online): 2373-6704 Website: Editor-in-chief: Maria TSAKIRI
Open Access
Journal Browser
Journal of Geosciences and Geomatics. 2016, 4(3), 53-60
DOI: 10.12691/jgg-4-3-2
Open AccessArticle

Field Relationship among the Three Iron Ore Groups of Iron Ore Super Group Encircling the North Odisha Iron Ore Craton, India: A Comparison Study

D. Beura1, , P. Singh1, B. Satpathy2, S. Behera3 and S.K. Nanda4

1Department of Geology, Utkal University, Bhubaneswar, Odisha

2Tata Steel Ltd., Joda, Keonjhar, Odisha

3Geology Division, Daitari Iron Ore Project, OMC, Keonjhar, Odisha

4Mineral Processing Division, IBM, Nagpur, Maharashtra

Pub. Date: May 18, 2016

Cite this paper:
D. Beura, P. Singh, B. Satpathy, S. Behera and S.K. Nanda. Field Relationship among the Three Iron Ore Groups of Iron Ore Super Group Encircling the North Odisha Iron Ore Craton, India: A Comparison Study. Journal of Geosciences and Geomatics. 2016; 4(3):53-60. doi: 10.12691/jgg-4-3-2


Banded Iron Formation (BIF) and iron ore deposit occupy three distinct provinces surrounding the North Odisha Iron Ore Craton (NOIOC) located in eastern India. They are Bonai-Keonjhar belt in the western flank, Badampahar-Gorumahisani-Suleipat belt in the eastern flank and Daitari-Tomka belt in the southern side of the Craton. All these three belts having group status are the best preserved basins of the Precambrian period that form Iron Ore Super Group (IOSG) of Odisha. IOSG contains BIFs as enigmatic rock comprising alternate layers of iron bearing minerals and silica. Since long these belts have been undergone numerous investigations with regard to mineralogy, geochemistry, stratigraphy, structure etc. Opinions based on published literatures have still unclear about the status-occurrence of these BIFs. Irrespective of their similarity in many characteristic features, they differ with respect to stratigraphy, structure, mineralogy, metamorphism, intrusives, and thickness of iron formation. With the resemblance in the evolution of basins, their differences have been delineated in this paper.

BIF Iron Ore Super Group NOIOC Odisha

Creative CommonsThis work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License. To view a copy of this license, visit


Figure of 5


[1]  Acharya, S. (1976) Iron-formations and iron-ores of Orissa their stratigraphy and correlation. Proc. Symp. Geol. Etc. of Ferrous and Ferroalloy Minerals, Bangalore, 86-100.
[2]  Acharya, S. (1984) Stratigraphy and structural evolution of the rocks of Iron Ore Basin in Singhbhum-Odisha Iron Ore Province. Indian Journal of Earth Science. Crustal Evolution of the Indian shield and its bearing on Metallogeny. Seminar Volume, 19-28.
[3]  Acharya, S. (1986) Textural evolution and mineral paragenesis in Precambrian BIF from sedimentation to metamorphism: In “Mineral Paragenesis”. Theop. Publ. Athens, 443-469.
[4]  Acharya, S., Singh, P., Das, B. (1989) On the stratigraphy and tectonic evolution of the Iron ore super group of East Ind. (Abs). 28th I.G.C. Washington
[5]  Acharya, S. (1993) The field relationship of Iron and Manganese ore deposits in the Iron Ore basin of Bihar and Orissa. Recent Res. Geol., 14-23.
[6]  Acharya, S. (2000) Some observations on parts of the Banded Iron-Formations of Eastern India. Pres. Address, 87th session, Ind. Sc. Cong. Ass., 1-34.
[7]  Acharya, S. (2002) The Daitari-Tomka basin- its structural and stratigraphic evolution and genesis of associated iron ores. Ind. J. Geo.,l74. 49-82.
[8]  Acharya, S. (2004) Iron ore deposits of Orissa. Supra-or-Infra- to BIFs, SGAT, 5. 39-41.
[9]  Acharya, S. (2008) Genesis of Banded Iron Formations and associated iron and manganese ore deposits of Orissa-Jharkhand region, India and its role as exploration guide, Sem. Proc., SGAT, Bhubaneswar, 1-31.
[10]  Acharya, S. (2011) The Precambrian Banded Iron Formation (BIF) of Southeast India and their correlation in Space and Time (Abs). OMEGA 2011(GSI), Bhubaneswar, 16-17.
[11]  Banerji, A.K. (1974) On the stratigraphy and tectonic history of the iron ore bearing and associated rocks of Singhbhum and adjoing areas of Bihar and Odisha. Journal Geological Society of India,15. 150-157.
[12]  Banerji, A.K. (1977) On the Precambrian Banded Iron-Formation and manganese ores of the Singhbhum region, Eastern India. Economic Geology,72. 90-98.
[13]  Beura, D. and Singh, P. (2005a) Depositional environment of iron formation of greenstone belt of north Orissa, India. Vistas in Geol Research, 4. 246-255.
[14]  Beura, D. and Singh, P. (2005b) Geological setting and mineral deposits of Archaean schist belt- A case study around Badampahar belt, north Orissa, India. Proceeding of International seminar, Khon Ken University. Thailand, 326-329
[15]  Beura, D. (2007) Lithostratigraphy of Archaean supracrustal belt with special reference to Badampahar area, Mayurbhanj district, Odisha. Vistas in Geological Research, 6. 246-255.
[16]  Beura, D. (2008) Petrographic characterization of BIF of Archaean Greenstone belt-A case study around Thakurani Sector of Bonai-Keonjhar Belt, North Odisha, India. Vistas in Geological Research, 7. 76-85.
[17]  Beura, D. and Singh, P. (2008) Tectonically hypothecated genetic model of Precambrian iron ore deposits of Badampahar-Gorumahisani-Suleipat belt, Odisha, India. Sem.Iron ores- Genesis and Exploration Techniques. SGAT, Bhubaneswar, 32-40.
[18]  Beura, D., Singh, P., Nayak, P. K. and Sathpathy, B. (2009a) Some Thought on Banded Iron Formation: Odishan Context. Vistas in Geological Research, 8. 145-155
[19]  Beura, D. and Singh, P. (2009b) Structural Disposition of Multiphase Deformational Episodes of the Archaean Schist Belt with Special Reference to Badampahar Area, North Odisha, India. International Journal of Earth Sciences and Engineering, 2. 196-207
[20]  Beura, D. (2014) Tectono-Structural Overviews of Iron Formation of North Odisha, India. Journal of Geosciences and Geomatics, 2. 57-61.
[21]  Beura, D. (2015) Archaean Schist belt of Odisha, India: Structure and Tectonics. Lambert Academic Publishing, Germany,1- 120.
[22]  Bhattacharya, H. N., Chakraborty, I. and Ghosh, K. K. (2007) Geochemistry of some banded iron-formations of the Archaean supracrustals, Jharkhand-Odisha region, India. J. Earth Syst. Sci., 116. 245-259.
[23]  Huber, N. K. (1958) The environmental control of sedimentary iron minerals: Econ. Geol., 58. 123-140.
[24]  Iyengar, S.V.P. and Alwar, M. A. (1965) The Dhanjori Eugeosyncline and its bearing on the stratigraphy of the Singhbhum, Keonjhar and Mayurbhanj districts. In: D.N. Wadia commemorative volume. Mining Met. Institute India, 138-162.
[25]  Iyengar, S.V.P. and Murthy, Y.G.K. (1982) The evolution of the Archaean-Proterozoic crust in parts of Bihar and Odisha, Eastern India. Rec. Geol. Surv. India 112: 1-5
[26]  Jones, H.C. (1934) The iron ore deposits of Bihar and Odisha. Geological Survey of India Memoir, 63. 357.
[27]  Misra, S., Deomurari, M. P., Wiedenbeck, M., Goswami, J. N., Ray, S. and Saha, A.K. (1999) Pb/Pb zircon ages and the evolution of the Singhbhum craton, eastern India: an ion microprobe study. Precambrian research, 93. 139-151.
[28]  Misra, S., Sarkar, S.S. and Ghosh, S. (2002) Evolution of Mayurbhanj Granite pluton, eastern Singhbhum, India: a case study of petrogenesis of an A-type granite in bimodal association. Jour.Asian Earth Sci., 20. 965-989.
[29]  Misra, S. (2006) Precambrian chronostratigraphic Growth of Singhbhum-Odisha craton, Eastern Indian Shield: an Alternative Model. Jour. Geol. Soc. India, 67. 356-378.
[30]  Mukhopadhyay, D. (1988) Precambrian of the Eastern Indian shield- perspective of the problem. Mem. Geol. Soc. India, 8. 1-12.
[31]  Mukhopadhyay, D. (2001) The Archaean nucleus of Singhbhum: the present state of knowledge. Gondwana Res., 4. 307-318.
[32]  Mukhopadhyay J, Gutzmer J, Beukes N J, Hayashi KI (2008a) Stratabound magnetite deposits from the eastern outcrop belt of the Archaean Iron Ore Group, Singhbhum craton, India. Appl. Earth Sc. (Trans.Inst.Min.Metal.B) 117: 175-186
[33]  Mukhopadhyay, J., Ghosh, G., Beukes, N.J. and Gutzmer, J. (2008b) Eastern Indian high grade iron ores: genetic models and implications for exploration. Seminar vol., SGAT, Bhubaneswar, 51-56.
[34]  Murthy, V.N. and Acharya, S. (1975) Lithostratigraphy of the Precambrian rocks, around Koira, Sundergarh dist., Odisha, J.G.S.I.,16. 55-68.
[35]  Prasad Rao, G.H.S.V., Murthy, Y.G.K. and Deekshitulu, M.N. (1964) Stratigraphic relation of Precambrian iron formations and associated sedimentary sequences in parts of Keonjhar, Cuttack, Dhenkanal and Sundergarh districts, Odisha, India. Proc. Int. Geol. Congress, 22nd Session, 10. 72-87.
[36]  Saha, A. K., Ray, S. L. and Sarkar, S. N. (1988) Early history of the Earth: evidence from the Eastern Indian shield. In D. Mukhopadhyay (ed), Precambrian of the Eastern Indian shield. Geol. Soc. India Mem 8: 13-37
[37]  Sarkar, S.N. and Saha, A.K. (1977) The present status of the Precambrian stratigraphy, tectonics and geochronology of Singhbhum-Keonjhar-Mayurbhanj region, Eastern India, Indian Journal of Earth Sciences, S. Ray Volume, 37-66.
[38]  Sarkar, S.N. and Saha, A.K. (1983) Structure and tectonics of the Singhbhum-Odisha Iron Ore craton, eastern India. (Structure and Tectonics of the Precambrian rocks). Hindustan Pub. Corp. India, Delhi, In Rec. Res. Geol., 10. 1-25.