Journal of Geosciences and Geomatics
ISSN (Print): 2373-6690 ISSN (Online): 2373-6704 Website: Editor-in-chief: Maria TSAKIRI
Open Access
Journal Browser
Journal of Geosciences and Geomatics. 2016, 4(1), 15-20
DOI: 10.12691/jgg-4-1-3
Open AccessArticle

The Changes of YAKHAR Glacier Using Remote Sensing and GIS Technologies

Saeedeh Fakhari1, and Azam Alikhademi2

1Department of Geography Sciences, Kharazmi University, Tehran, Iran

2MA in English, Azad University Central Tehran branch, Iran

Pub. Date: March 03, 2016

Cite this paper:
Saeedeh Fakhari and Azam Alikhademi. The Changes of YAKHAR Glacier Using Remote Sensing and GIS Technologies. Journal of Geosciences and Geomatics. 2016; 4(1):15-20. doi: 10.12691/jgg-4-1-3


This study was an attempt to examine the changes of the YAKHAR Glacier of Damavand Using remote sensing and GIS Technologies. The remote sensing is the best equipment that helps us to find and estimate the area of YAKHAR glacier in the impassable mountainous regions. Moreover, GIS technologies help to design and prepare a map from the region. This study amid to prove this glacier is active and has changed during the recent years. This study was a quantitative survey and the quantitative data was collected with digital topographic map at the scale 1:50000 and 1:25000, Satellite images Landsat TM&ETM+ and IRS P5 (panchromatic). In order to correct those satellite images, the researchers applied geometrical correction and radiometric correction. The quantitative data was analyzed with calculating algorithm changes and plus subtracting from corresponding bands on the satellite images in order to measure Principal Components Analysis (PCA). Moreover, the researchers used Inter band ETM, IRS, and GIS software to indicate the severe chances of glacier via fuzzy logic model. The findings of this study reveal that the area of the YAKHAR glacier is decreasing and its current size is 1/8km. The crucial reasons of the decreasing are the lack of glacier recharge and the heat of smoke emerging from Damavand volcano. Furthermore, the global warning has impact on rising temperatures and melting YAKHAR glacier in this region and also abrupt slope prevents to form the YAKHAR glaciers.

damavand YAKHAR glacier remote sensing GIS

Creative CommonsThis work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License. To view a copy of this license, visit


Figure of 9


[1]  Paul, F. the new Swiss glacier inventory 2000 – application of remote sensing and GIS. (PhD thesis, University of Zu¨ rich.) Pe´guy, C.P. 1959. Les glaciers de l’Elbourz. Bull. Assoc. Ge´ogr. Fr., 284-285, (2003), 44-49.
[2]  M.S. Moussavi, M.J. Valadan Zoej, M.R Sahebi, Y. Rezaei, Change Detection Of Mountain Glacier Surface Using Aerial And Satellite Imagery: A Case Study In Iran, Alamchal Glacier; The International Archives of the Photogrammetry, Remote Sensing; and Spatial Information Sciences. Vol. XXXVII. Part B7. Beijing 2008.49pp.
[3]  Gaoa, Jay, Liu, Yansui , Applications of remote sensing, GIS and GPS in glaciology: a review, Progress in Physical Geography 25,4 (2001) pp. 520-540 .
[4]  Busk, D.L, Climbing and ski-ing in the Elburz Range, North Persia, 1931-2. Alpine J., 45(247), .( 1933) , 334-341
[5]  Bobek, H, Die Rolle der Eiszeit in Nordwestiran. Z. Gletscherkd., 25, (1937), 130-183.
[6]  Desio, A, Appunti geografici e geologici sulla catena dello Zardeh Kuh in Persia. Memorie Geologiche e Geographiche di G. Dainelli, 4, (1934), 141-167.
[7]  Harding, J.G.R. Cambridge Expedition, 1956, to the Elburz Mountains, Iran. Himalayan J., 20,. 1957, 112-121.
[8]  Schweitzer, G. Der Kuh-E-Sabalan (Nordwestiran): Beitrage zu r Gletscherkunde und Glacialgeomorphologie vorderasiatischer Hochgebirge. Tu¨binger Geogr. Stud., 34(3), (1970), 163-178.
[9]  Troll, C. Genecology of the high-mountain regions of Eurasia. Erdwissensch and ftsliche Forschung der Akademie der Wissenschaften und der Literature, Mainz .Franz Steiner Verlag GMBH, Wiesbaden 1973, 229pp.
[10]  Ferrigno, J.G. (1991) Glaciers of the Middle East and Africa. Glaciers of Iran. In Williams, R.S., Jr and J.G. Ferrigno, eds. Satellite image atlas of glaciers of the world. Denver, CO, United States Geological Survey, G31–G47. (USGS Professional Paper 1386- G-2.).
[11]  Frank, P, Evaluation of Different Methods for Glacier Mapping Using Land sat TM, University of Zurich, Switzerland, June. (2000) 16 -17.
[12]  Siri, Jodha, Singh Khalsa, Space-Based Mapping of Glacier Changes Using ASTER and GIS Tools Transition on Geosciences and Remote Sensing, Vol.42.No10, October. 2004.
[13]  Anil, V. and Kulkarni, S. S, Glacial Retreat in Himalaya Using Indian Remote Sensing Satellite Data, CURRENT SCIENCE, Vol, 92, No 1, 10JANUARY(2007).
[14]  Vaziri, F, Preliminary Exploration of Natural Glaciers. Publications of Iran Organization of Management and Programming. Tehran, Iran, (2000).
[15]  Rezaei, Y. Investigation on Khersan mountain glacier in Zardkuh Mountains: application of remote sensing and GIS. (MSc thesis, K.N. Toosi University of Technology.) Tehran, Iran (2004).