Journal of Geosciences and Geomatics
ISSN (Print): 2373-6690 ISSN (Online): 2373-6704 Website: Editor-in-chief: Maria TSAKIRI
Open Access
Journal Browser
Journal of Geosciences and Geomatics. 2014, 2(4), 139-144
DOI: 10.12691/jgg-2-4-1
Open AccessArticle

Platform Carbonates Distribution in the Carboniferous of Iran

Kaveh Khaksar1, and Keyvan Khaksar2

1Department of Soil and Water, Institute of Scientific Applied Higher Education Center of Imam Khomeini, Education and Extension Organization, Ministry of J-Agriculture Karaj, Iran

2Faculty of Basic Sciences, Qom Branch, Islamic Azad University, Qom, Iran

Pub. Date: June 23, 2014

Cite this paper:
Kaveh Khaksar and Keyvan Khaksar. Platform Carbonates Distribution in the Carboniferous of Iran. Journal of Geosciences and Geomatics. 2014; 2(4):139-144. doi: 10.12691/jgg-2-4-1


In the Lower Carboniferous, the Iranian Platform represented the area of marine sedimentation. Carboniferous sequences of the Baluchestan Basin, Central Iran and Alborz are correlated. Distribution of corals in the Lower Carboniferous of Iran is influenced by both regional and world transgression and regression episodes. Tournaisian- Middle Serpukhovian marine deposits are well-developed and rich in fossil corals in the Alborz, and Baluchestan. They are extended from southeast to northwest in the area of Lower Carboniferous deposition. In the Middle Serpukhovian-Gzhelian marine sedimentation was restricted to the East Iran (Tabas area). However, fossil evidence suggests Late Carboniferous age only for part of the Tabas area sequence.

Carboniferous platform carbonate corals correlation platform Iran

Creative CommonsThis work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License. To view a copy of this license, visit


[1]  Douville, H., Sur quelques Brachipodes à test perforé. Bull. Soc. géol. France, 4, 9, p.p.144-156, 1909.
[2]  Steiger, R., Die Geologie der West-Firuzkuh-Area (Zentral-Alborz/Iran). Mitt. Geol. Inst. E.T.H. Univ. Zurich, n.s., No. 68. (copia incompleta), 1966.
[3]  Riviere, A., Contribution à l'étude géologique de l'Elburz. Rev. Géogr. Phys. Geol., 7: 1-190, 1934.
[4]  Douglas, C., The Carboniferous and Permian faunas of South Iran and Iranian Baluchistan, 1948.
[5]  Douglas, C., The Carboniferous and Permian Faunas from South-West Persia (Iran) and Iranian Baluchistan. Pal. Indica, (n.s.), 22, 57 p., 1951.
[6]  Assereto, R., The Paleozoic formations in Elburz (Iran). Riv. Ital. Paleont., 69, 4. pp. 503-543, 1963.
[7]  Assereto, R., The Geology of the Upper Djadjerud and Lar Valleys (Central-Elburz, Iran). Istituto di Geologia dell'Universitá de Milano, Ser G, Publ. Nr. 232, Milano. (copia incompleta), 1966.
[8]  Assereto, R. & Gaetani, M., Nuovi dati sul Devoniano della Catena dell'Imam Zadéh Hashim (Elburz Central - Iran). Riv. Ital. Paleont., 70, 4: 631-636., 1964.
[9]  Stocklin, J., Ruttner, A. & Nabavi, M., New data on the Lower Paleozoic and Precambrian of North-west Iran. Geol. Surv. Iran Rep., 1, 29 p., 1964.
[10]  Dellenbach, J., Contribution á l'étude géologique de la région située á l'est de Téhéran (Iran). - Diss. Univ. Strasburg, 119 p., 1964.
[11]  Assereto, R. & Fantini Sestini, N., Nuovi dati sul Paleozoico dell'Alto Valle del Dadje Rud. (Elburz Centrale -Iran). Lincei, Rend. Sc. fis. mat. e nat., 32, 3. p.p. 369-376, 1962.
[12]  Allenbach, P., Geologie und Petrographie des Damavand und seiner Umgebung (Zentral-Elburz) Iran. Diss. ETH Zürich, 145 p., 1966.
[13]  Khaksar, K., Biostratigraphia del seccion de Lalun de edad Carbonifero Inferior de Alborz Central (North Iran). IX Congreso de Geologia, Minas, Petroleos y Ambiente, 4-6 May, Quito-Ecuador, 2005.
[14]  Ahmadzadeh-Heravi, M., Study of brachipods and conodonts of Alborz Central, 111 p. (copy without editorial reference), 1971.
[15]  Jafary, M. A., The revision of the stratigraphy of the Carboniferous of Iran, Univ. of Isfahan, p. 26-32, 1992.
[16]  Kalantari, A., Iranian fossils. National Iranian Oil Company, 4, 216 p., 1981
[17]  Kalantari, A., Microfacies of Carbonate rocks of Iran, National Iranian Oil Company, 11, 520 p., 1986.
[18]  Flugel, H. & Ruttner, A., Vorbericht uber palaontologisch-stratigraphische Untersuchungen im Palaozoikum von Ozbak-Kuh (NE-Iran). – Verh. Geol. B. A., 1-3, 146-150, 1 Abb.Wien, 1962.
[19]  Flugel, H. Korallen aus der oberen Vise-Stufe (Kueichophyllum Zone) Nord Iran. -Jb. Geol. Bundesanst. 106, p.p. 365-404, 1963.
[20]  Flugel, H., Minatoa, eine neue Rugosengattung aus der Sardar II-Formation (Bashkirian) Ostirans. – Archiv f. Lagestkttenforschung in den Ostalpen, SB 2, Festschrift O. M. FREDRICH, 95-107, 2 Abb., Taf., Leoben, 1974.
[21]  Flugel, H., Zwei neue Korallen der Sardar Formation (Karbon) Ost-Iran.- Mitt. Abt. Geol. Palaont. Bergb. Llandesmus. Joanneum, 35, 45-53, 2 Abb., 1 Taf., Graz, 1975.
[22]  Flugel, H., Rugosa aus dem Carbón der Ozbak-Kuh-Gruppe Ost-Irans (Teil 1). - Jb. Geol. B.-A., 134, 657-688, 35 Abb., 6 Tab., 2 Taf., Wien, 1991.
[23]  Flugel, H., Neue korallen aus dem Palaozoikum Irans. -Sitzungsber. Osterr. Akad. Wiss., 200, 137-149, 1 Abb., 2 Taf., Wien, 1993.
[24]  Flugel, H., Biostratigraphie und korallenfaunen des Jungpalaozoikums Ost-Irans. – Mitt. Geol. Inst. Innsbruck (im Druck), 1994.
[25]  Flugel, H., Rugosa aus dem karbon der Ozbak-Kuh-Gruppe Ost-Irans (Teil 2).-Jb. Geol. B.- A. (MS), Wien, 1995.
[26]  Khaksar, K., Los corales del Carbonifero Inferior del Alborz Central (Norte Iran). Tesis. Univ. Granada (Mem. Inedita), 1994.
[27]  Khaksar, K., New subfamily, genus and species of Lower Carboniferous rugose corals from central Alborz (N. Iran). J. Sci. I. R. Iran, 7. (2), 97, 1996.
[28]  Khaksar, K., Rugosa Coral Biostratigraphy of Central Alborz in the Lower Carboniferous, First scientific Congress of Geological Association of Iran, Tehran, 1997.
[29]  Khaksar, K., Some new species of Lower Carboniferous corals from central Alborz (North Iran), 31st International Geological Congress, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil, 2000
[30]  Khaksar, K., Tournaisian sequence and tabulata corals of Alborz Central, 32nd International Geological Congress, Florence, Aug. 20-28, 2003
[31]  Khaksar, K., Some new data on Geirud Formation of Central Alborz (North Iran). 32nd International Geological Congress, Florence, Aug. 20-28, 2003.
[32]  Khaksar, K., Tournaisian sequence and Tabulata corals of Alborz Central. 32nd Int. GEOL. CONGRESS, Florence–Italy, Aug. 20-28, 2004.
[33]  Khaksar, K. Mahdavi-Feiz-abadi, A., Lower Carboniferous Rugosa Coral Faunas of Gachal F. of Tabas Area (Central Iran), and Biogeographical Relationships with Central Alborz. 32nd Intern. Geol. Congress, Flornce-Italy – Aug. 20-28, 2004, 2004.
[34]  Khaksar, K., Lower Carboniferous rugosa corals of Member B & C of Geirud Fomation (Central Alborz-North Iran)- Quito Forum Italiano di Scienzia della Terra, Geoitalia, Spoletto, 2005.
[35]  Khaksar, K., Kebriaee-Zadeh, M. R. and Rezvan-Nia, F. Environmental Evolution of Eastern and Central Alborz in the Lower Carboniferous based on Corals, 17th Symposium of Geological Society of Iran, 29-31 Oct., 2013.
[36]  Mahdavi-Feizabadi, A., Study of Lower Carboniferous rugose corals fauna OF Member A of Gachal Formation (Kuh-Rahdar-Tabas Area)-Ms. Thesis, 2002.
[37]  Badpa, M., Khaksar, K., Ashouri a. & Khanehbad, M., Study of Carboniferous Rugose Corals in the Ozbak-kuh Mountains (Eastern Iran), 63rd Geological Congress of Turkey, 5-9 Nisan (April) Ankara, 2009.
[38]  Badpa, M., Khaksar, K., Ashouri a. & Badpa, M., The first report of Coral fossils in the Khan Formation (Rahdar section, Kalmard Mountains, E- Iran), 32th Symposium on Geosciences -Geological Survey of Iran-Tehran, 16-19, Feb., 2014.
[39]  Rezvan-Nia, F., Khaksar, K., Kebriaee-Zadeh, M. R. and Shabanian, R., Corals from the Member C of Mobarak Formation in the Vali-Abad section (Central Alborz-North Iran), First International Applied Geological Congress, April 26-28 Mashhad, 2010.
[40]  Rezvan-Nia, F., Khaksar, K., Kebriaee-Zadeh, M. R., The study of Upper Tournasian corals paleoecology in the Vali Abad section (Centeral Alborz - South of Chalus ), Third specialty Geological Congress of Payam-Nur University, Esfahan, 2009.
[41]  Rezvan-Nia, F., Khaksar, K. and Kebriaee-Zadeh, M. R., Coral's biostratigraphy of Mobarak Formation in the (Vali-abad section - south of Marzan-abad), 27th Symposium on Geosciences -Geological Survey of Iran-Tehran, 12-14, March, 2010.
[42]  Glaus, M., Die Geologie des Gebietes nordlichdes Kandevan-passes (Zentral-Elburz) Iran. Mitt. Geol. Inst. E. T. H. U. Zurich, N. S., 48, 165 p., 1965
[43]  Ruttner, A., Nabavi, M. H. & Hajian, J., Geology of the Shirgesht Area (Tabas Area, East Iran). – Geol. Survey of Iran, Report, $, 133 S., 38 Abb., Tehran, 1968.
[44]  Ruttner, A. and Stocklin, J., Foreword. – In: Contributions to the Paleontology of East Iran, Geol. Survey Iran, Report, 6, 3-6, Tehran, 1966.
[45]  Stepanov, D. L., Carboniferous stratigraphy of Iran. – In: compt Rendu, Int. Carb. Congr., 4, 1505-1518, Netherlands, 1971.
[46]  Badpa, M., Khaksar, K., Ashouri a. & Ghaderi, I., Study of Serpokhovian Corals in Zaladu Section (Ozbak Kuh Mountain, Eastern Iran), 27th Symposium on Geosciences -Geological Survey of Iran-Tehran, 12-14, March, 2010.
[47]  Taheri, A., Vaziri Moghadam, H., Upper Carboniferous-Permian rocks stratigraphy and paleontology of Zaladu section and comparison with another part of Iran. Journal of basic science-Esfahan University, 2001.
[48]  Sohrabi, Z., Hamdi, B. and Aghanabati, S. A., Biostratigraphy of Sardar Formation in the Zaladu section, Ozbak-Kuh (East Iran), Geological Science Congress-Geological Survey of Iran, 2005.