Journal of Geosciences and Geomatics
ISSN (Print): 2373-6690 ISSN (Online): 2373-6704 Website: http://www.sciepub.com/journal/jgg Editor-in-chief: Maria TSAKIRI
Open Access
Journal Browser
Go
Journal of Geosciences and Geomatics. 2014, 2(3), 125-129
DOI: 10.12691/jgg-2-3-8
Open AccessReview Article

Review of Gully Erosion in Nigeria: Causes, Impacts and Possible Solutions

I. A. Abdulfatai1, , I. A. Okunlola1, W. G. Akande1, L. O. Momoh1 and K. O. Ibrahim2

1Geology Department, Federal University of Technology, Minna, Nigeria

2Department of Geology and Mineral Science, University of Ilorin, Ilorin, Nigeria

Pub. Date: June 16, 2014

Cite this paper:
I. A. Abdulfatai, I. A. Okunlola, W. G. Akande, L. O. Momoh and K. O. Ibrahim. Review of Gully Erosion in Nigeria: Causes, Impacts and Possible Solutions. Journal of Geosciences and Geomatics. 2014; 2(3):125-129. doi: 10.12691/jgg-2-3-8

Abstract

Gully erosion, the most impressive and striking erosion type, has been recognized as one of the major global environmental problems. Many States in Nigeria are currently under the threats of this phenomenal process, south-eastern part of the country being the most affected. It has numerous causes; and these causes can be both naturally and artificially-induced, but the underlying geology and the severity of accompany surface processes play a key role. Observations have shown clearly that gully erosion is more prevalent in sedimentary terrain than in the basement complex of Nigeria. This erosion activity at various scales has resulted in the loss of lives and properties almost on a yearly basis. Solutions that have been proffered include public awareness campaign, improved farming techniques, cultural method of gully control, enactment of laws against any activities that favour gully growth, and thorough implementation of suggested solutions.

Keywords:
Nigeria gully erosion geology environmental problems sedimentary terrain

Creative CommonsThis work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License. To view a copy of this license, visit http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/

References:

[1]  Adeleye, D. R., Stratigraphy and Sedimentation of the Upper Cretaceous Strata around Bida Basin, Nigeria, Ph.D. Thesis, University of Ibadan, 1971.
 
[2]  Ajibade, A.C., Woakes M. and Rahaman, M. A., Proterozoic Crustal Development in the pan – African Regime of Nigeria. Geology of Nigeria.
 
[3]  Akpokodje, E.G., Tse, A. C. and Ekeocha, N., Gully Erosion Geohazards in Southeastern Nigeria and Management Implications. Scientia Africana, 9 (1), 20-36, 2010.
 
[4]  Albert, A. A., Samson, A. A., Peter, O. O. and Olufunmilayo, A. O. An Assessment of the Socio Economic Impacts of Soil Erosion in South-Eastern Nigeria, Shaping the Change, XXIII FIG Congress Munich, Germany, pp. 12, 2006.
 
[5]  Bettis III, E. A., Gully Erosion of Western Iowa. The Lowa Department of Natural Resources, Iowa Geological and Water Survey, 1983.
 
[6]  Brice, J.C., Erosion and Deposition in thin the Loess-Mantled great plain, Medicine Creek Drainage Basin, Nebraska (Washington Dept. of the Interior Geological Survey Professional Papers, 352-H), 1966.
 
[7]  El-Swaify, S. A., Dangler, E. W. and Armstrong, C. L., Soil Erosion by Water in the Tropics, University of Hawaii/HITAHR-CTAHR Research and Extension Series 24, 173, 1982.
 
[8]  El-Swaify, S. A., Research needs and applications to reduce erosion and sedimentation in the tropics, IAH-AISH Publication, No. 192, 3-13, 1990.
 
[9]  Ezechi, J. I. and Okagbue, C. A., Genetic Classification of Gullies in eastern Nigeria and its Implication on Control Measure, Journal of African Earth Science, 8, pp. 716, 1989.
 
[10]  Graf, W. L., The Arroyo problem-palaehydrology and palaeohydraulics in the short term, in K. J. Gregory (ed). Background to palaeohydrology: A perspective (Chihester, Wiley), 279-302, 1983.
 
[11]  Hilborn, D., Gully Erosion Control, Ontario Ministry of Agriculture, Food and Rural Affairs, 1985.
 
[12]  http://www.nanngronline.com/picture/building-about-to-be-swallowed-by-gully-erosion.
 
[13]  http://www.imostateblog.com/2012/03/08/citizens-report-orlu-mgbee-road-disaster-photos.
 
[14]  Igbokwe, J. I., Akinyede, J. O., Dang, B., Alaga, T., Ono, M. N., Nnodu, V. C. and Anike, L. O., Mapping and Monitoring of the Impact of Gully Erosion in Southeastern Nigeria with Satellite Remote Sensing and Geographic Information System, The International Archives of the Photogrammetry, Remote Sensing and Spatial Information Sciences. Vol. XXXVII. Part B8. Beijing 2008.
 
[15]  Kogbe, C. A., [Gen. Ed.] Elizabethan Pub. Lagos, 1987.
 
[16]  McCurry, P., The Geology of the Precambrian to Lower Paleozoic rocks of Northern Nigeria, a review, in Geology of Nigeria, edited by C. A. Kogbe, pp. 15-37, Elizabeth Publications Co., Lagos, 1976.
 
[17]  Monkhouse, F. J. and Small, J., A Dictionary of the Natural Environment, London: Arnold, 1978.
 
[18]  Nwajide, C.S. and Reijers, T. J. A., Geology of the Southern Anambra Basin, In: Reijers, T.J.A. (Ed), selected chapters on Geology, SPDC, Warri, pp. 133-148, 1986.
 
[19]  Obaje, N. G., Geology and Mineral Resources of Nigeria, London: Springer Dordrecht Heidelberg, Pp5-14, 2009.
 
[20]  Obaje, N. G., Musa, M. K., Odoma, A. N. and. Hamza, H., The Bida Basin in north-central Nigeria: Sedimentology and petroleum geology, Journal of Petroleum and Gas Exploration Research, Vol. 1(1), pp. 001-013, 2011.
 
[21]  Obidimma, C. E. and Olorunfemi, A., Resolving the Gully Erosion Problem in Southeastern Nigeria: Innovation Through Public Awareness and Community – Based Approaches, Journal of Soil Science and Environmental Management, pp 286-287, 2011.
 
[22]  Ojha, G. and Shrestha, R., Bio-Engineering Measures for Stabilizing Cut- Slopes of Dipayal-Mellekh road, Far Western Nepal, Bulletin of Department of Geology, Tribhuvan University, Kathmandu, Nepal, Vol. 10, 79-88, 2007.
 
[23]  Ojo O. J. and Akande, S. O., “Petroleum Geochemical Evaluation of the Mid-Cretaceous Sequence in the Dadiya Syncline, Yola Basin, Northeastern Nigeria”, Journal. of Mining and Geology, Vol. 38, Vol. 1, pp. 35-42, 2002.
 
[24]  Osadebe, C. C. and Enuvie, G., Factor Analysis of Soil Spatial Variability in Gully Erosion Area of southeastern Nigeria: A Case Study of Agulu- Nanka- Oko Area, Scientia Africana, Vol. 7 (No.2), pp. 45, 2008.
 
[25]  Poesen, J., Nachtergaele, J., Verstraeten, G. and. Valentin, C., Gully erosion and environmental change: importance and research needs, Catena, 50 (2-4), pp. 91-133, 2003.
 
[26]  Rahaman, M. A., Review of the Basement Geology of South-western Nigeria, a review, in Geology of Nigeria, edited by C. A. Kogbe, pp. 39-56, Elizabeth Publications Co., Lagos, 1976.
 
[27]  Short, K. C. and Stauble, A. J., Outline of Geology of the Niger Delta, Bulletin. A.A.P.G., vol. 54, no.5, p. 761-779, 1967.
 
[28]  Simpson, F., Prevention and control of Gullying Processes in Diverse Climatic Settings: Lessons for the age of global climate change, 2nd Joint Federal Interagency Conference, Las Vegas, NV, 2010.