Journal of Geosciences and Geomatics
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Journal of Geosciences and Geomatics. 2014, 2(3), 125-129
DOI: 10.12691/jgg-2-3-8
Open AccessReview Article

Review of Gully Erosion in Nigeria: Causes, Impacts and Possible Solutions

I. A. Abdulfatai1, , I. A. Okunlola1, W. G. Akande1, L. O. Momoh1 and K. O. Ibrahim2

1Geology Department, Federal University of Technology, Minna, Nigeria

2Department of Geology and Mineral Science, University of Ilorin, Ilorin, Nigeria

Pub. Date: June 16, 2014

Cite this paper:
I. A. Abdulfatai, I. A. Okunlola, W. G. Akande, L. O. Momoh and K. O. Ibrahim. Review of Gully Erosion in Nigeria: Causes, Impacts and Possible Solutions. Journal of Geosciences and Geomatics. 2014; 2(3):125-129. doi: 10.12691/jgg-2-3-8


Gully erosion, the most impressive and striking erosion type, has been recognized as one of the major global environmental problems. Many States in Nigeria are currently under the threats of this phenomenal process, south-eastern part of the country being the most affected. It has numerous causes; and these causes can be both naturally and artificially-induced, but the underlying geology and the severity of accompany surface processes play a key role. Observations have shown clearly that gully erosion is more prevalent in sedimentary terrain than in the basement complex of Nigeria. This erosion activity at various scales has resulted in the loss of lives and properties almost on a yearly basis. Solutions that have been proffered include public awareness campaign, improved farming techniques, cultural method of gully control, enactment of laws against any activities that favour gully growth, and thorough implementation of suggested solutions.

Nigeria gully erosion geology environmental problems sedimentary terrain

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