Journal of Geosciences and Geomatics
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Journal of Geosciences and Geomatics. 2020, 8(2), 94-109
DOI: 10.12691/jgg-8-2-5
Open AccessArticle

Geochemistry of the Neoproterozoic Mbondo-Ngazi Tina Metasediments, Adamawa Area, Central Cameroon: Source Provenance and Tectonic Setting

Alexis Hamdja Ngoniri1, Timoleon Ngnotue1, , Evine Laure Tanko Njiosseu1, Patrick Ayonta Kenne1, Sylvestre Ganno2, and Jean Paul Nzenti2

1Department of Earth Sciences, University of Dschang, P.O. Box. 67 Dschang, Cameroon

2Department of Earth Sciences, University of Yaoundé I, P.O. Box 812 Yaounde, Cameroon

Pub. Date: November 17, 2020

Cite this paper:
Alexis Hamdja Ngoniri, Timoleon Ngnotue, Evine Laure Tanko Njiosseu, Patrick Ayonta Kenne, Sylvestre Ganno and Jean Paul Nzenti. Geochemistry of the Neoproterozoic Mbondo-Ngazi Tina Metasediments, Adamawa Area, Central Cameroon: Source Provenance and Tectonic Setting. Journal of Geosciences and Geomatics. 2020; 8(2):94-109. doi: 10.12691/jgg-8-2-5

Abstract

The Mbondo-Ngazi Tina area belongs to the Adamawa-Yade domain within the Pan-African Central Africa Fold Belt in Cameroon (CAFB). The basement of this area is dominated by metasedimentary rocks composed of sericite schist, chlorite schist and muscovite schist. Whole-rock geochemical compositions of these rocks were investigated in order to determine their provenance and tectonic setting. The studied metasedimentary rocks have SiO2 and Al2O3 contents comparable to the average composition of the Neoproterozoic upper continental crust (UCC). These rocks are strongly depleted in CaO, MgO, and enriched in K2O, Ba and Rb with respect to UCC, reflecting K addition during diagenesis. The CIA, CIW, PIA and the SiO2/Al2O3 and Th/U ratios indicated that these rocks had suffered varying degrees of weathering as the source rocks underwent mild to moderate chemical weathering. The PAAS-normalized REE patterns are almost flat with slightly LREE depletion with respect to HREE and null to weakly positive Eu anomalies. Their chondrite-normalized REE patterns are parallel to sub-parallel, LREE-enriched, and display distinct negative Eu anomalies and weakly fractionated HREE segments. Overall, they are geochemically mature and have suffered sedimentary recycling. They derived mainy from felsic to intermediate rocks with minor contamination of mafic rocks. The Mbondo-Ngazi Tina metasedimentary rocks show REE and trace element compositions similar to those of Archean sediments, suggesting that the continental crust of the study area during the early Proterozoic had chemical compositions similar to those of the Archean crust and were probably deposited in active to passive continental margin settings.

Keywords:
Metasediments UCC chemical weathering Archean crust Adamawa-Yade

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