Journal of Geosciences and Geomatics
ISSN (Print): 2373-6690 ISSN (Online): 2373-6704 Website: http://www.sciepub.com/journal/jgg Editor-in-chief: Maria TSAKIRI
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Journal of Geosciences and Geomatics. 2020, 8(1), 25-34
DOI: 10.12691/jgg-8-1-4
Open AccessArticle

Navigational Hazard Analysis of Part of Bonny River, Rivers State Nigeria

D. M. J. Fubara1, Lawrence Hart1 and Golden Ibinabo Otasanya1,

1Department of Surveying and Geomatics, Rivers State University Nkpolu-Oroworukwu, Port Harcourt Rivers State Nigeria

Pub. Date: March 25, 2020

Cite this paper:
D. M. J. Fubara, Lawrence Hart and Golden Ibinabo Otasanya. Navigational Hazard Analysis of Part of Bonny River, Rivers State Nigeria. Journal of Geosciences and Geomatics. 2020; 8(1):25-34. doi: 10.12691/jgg-8-1-4

Abstract

Bonny River is arguably the most important river in Rivers State because it registers per season high volume of vessel traffic compared to other rivers in the state and also has infrastructures, major cities, companies and institutions along its banks. This high vessel traffic on the channel comes with mishaps that can render a once navigable channel unsafe which can lead to loss of property, resources, life and cause environmental pollution. This research sought to provide analysis of navigational hazards on about 15Km of the study area using a positioning device and some acoustic sensors. It yielded the following findings. The upstream end of the research area had a depth range of 1.5m to 15.1m and its navigable channel with depth range of 3.2m to 15.1m while the Port Harcourt Wharf axes about 12Km farther downstream had a range of 0.1m to 18.7m and its navigable channel with depth range of 10.1m to 18.7m. The maximum depth being downstream was 18.7m. The upstream area was noticed to have the presence of all wrecks (visible and submerged) in the study area. The percentage space occupied by the wrecks (partly submerged and completely submerged) in relation to the entire research space was less than one percent. Although the magnetometer detected several isolated ferrous presence, the side scan sonar representation of the riverbed suggest the ferrous presence are all buried debris. These findings upstream suggests the need for maintenance of the section.

Keywords:
bathymetry hydrography navigation seabed profile wreck

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