Journal of Food Security
ISSN (Print): 2372-0115 ISSN (Online): 2372-0107 Website: Editor-in-chief: Apply for this position
Open Access
Journal Browser
Journal of Food Security. 2018, 6(3), 107-113
DOI: 10.12691/jfs-6-3-2
Open AccessArticle

Orange Flesh Sweet Potatoes (Ipomea batatas) Consumption for Food Diversification and Nutritional Security of Cocoa Producers’ Population in Nawa Region, Côte d’Ivoire

Agbo Adouko Edith1, 2, , Yoboué Behibolo Antoinette1, Konan Amoin Georgette3, 4, Kouamé Christophe2, Brou Kouakou1 and Tiahou Gnomblésson Georges5

1Food Science and Technology Department, Nangui Abrogoua University, Abidjan, Côte d’Ivoire

2World Agroforestry Centre (ICRAF), Abidjan, Côte d’Ivoire

3Nutrition Department, Ivorian and Suisse Scientific Research Centre, Abidjan, Côte d’Ivoire

4Biosciences Department, Felix Houphouet-Boigny University, Abidjan, Côte d’Ivoire

5Medical Sciences Department, Alassane Ouattara University, Bouaké, Côte d’Ivoire

Pub. Date: September 19, 2018

Cite this paper:
Agbo Adouko Edith, Yoboué Behibolo Antoinette, Konan Amoin Georgette, Kouamé Christophe, Brou Kouakou and Tiahou Gnomblésson Georges. Orange Flesh Sweet Potatoes (Ipomea batatas) Consumption for Food Diversification and Nutritional Security of Cocoa Producers’ Population in Nawa Region, Côte d’Ivoire. Journal of Food Security. 2018; 6(3):107-113. doi: 10.12691/jfs-6-3-2


Cocoa producers’ communities are affected by malnutrition due to lake of food diversification. To initiate food diversification program with orange sweet potatoes, households eating habits and staple food composition have been evaluated. An assessment of 91 households’ food habits was carried out in 5 localities of Nawa region (Côte d’Ivoire). Anthropometric measurements were performed for children among 6 and 59 months. Dry matter, total sugars, proteins and minerals were determined for the usual staple food and orange sweet potatoes. The results showed that households’ food diversity score is 5.2, indicating that diet is less diversified. The major staple food are yams (36.7%), rice (29.6%) and cassava (17.4%). Sweet potatoes are more cultivated and consumed by native immigrant from the North of Côte d’Ivoire. Children nutritional status revealed that global acute malnutrition prevalence is 6.4% (95% Confidence Interval (CI): 3.0, 13.1%), chronic malnutrition prevalence is about 54.3% (95% CI: 44.2, 64.1%) and underweight prevalence is 31.9% (95% CI: 23.4, 41.9%). The staple food nutrients analyses revealed that rice has the most proteins content 5.0%. Orange flesh sweet potatoes have high content in total sugars (78.2 g/100g dry matter (DM)), zinc (3.3 mg/100g DM), magnesium (27.6 mg/100g DM), potassium (558.0 mg/100g DM) and calcium (388.5 mg/100g DM). Yam contains more potassium (730.8 mg/100g DM) and cassava more iron (18.2 mg/100g DM). Orange sweet potatoes which are cultivated by a few producers contain high level of micronutrients. They could be therefore recommended for culture and food diversification and contribute to overcome children malnutrition.

sweet potato Nawa region cocoa producer food diversity nutrients

Creative CommonsThis work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License. To view a copy of this license, visit


[1]  Bricas, N., Thirion, M.C. and Zoungrana, B., Bassins de production et de consommation des cultures vivrières en Afrique de l’Ouest et du Centre. Rapport provisoire, 2009, 51.
[2]  Koko, L., “Teractiv Cacao as a new fertilizer based Reactive Phosphate Rock for cocoa productivity in Côte d’Ivoire: A participatory approach to update fertilization recommendation”, Procedia Engeneering, 83:348-353. 2014.
[3]  Coulibaly, L., Evaluation of eating habits in V4C implementation area. ICRAF-CDI Community Development Research report. ICRAF-CDI, Abidjan, 2013, 21.
[4]  Cassard, F., Ouattara, S.M. and Feby, A.K.F., National nutritional investigation based on methodology SMART. Final report/ratio, 2011, 84.
[5]  De Vries, K., Mc Clafferty, B. and Van Dorp, M., Increasing cocoa productivity through improved nutrition A call to action, Concept Brief. Global Alliance for Improved Nutrition. Wageningen University, 2012, 24.
[6]  Assiri, A., Yoro, G., Deheuvels, O., Kebe, B.I., Keli, Z.J., Adiko, A. and Assa, A., “Les caractéristiques agronomiques des vergers de cacaoyer (Theobroma cacao L.) en Côte d’Ivoire”, J Anim Plant Sci, 2 : 55-66. 2009.
[7]  Food and Agriculture Organization, The state of food and agriculture. Report. Geneva: FAO, 2013, 114.
[8]  Agbo, E., Mahyao, A., Konan, A.D., Coulibaly, L., Kouassi, A., Kehlenbeck, K. and Kouamé, C., Production, consumption and nutrition survey in a cocoa farming area in the Nawa region. Report. ICRAF, Abidjan, 2014, 137.
[9]  Savy, M., Indices of food diversity: measure and use among women in age to procreate in Burkina Faso. University Paris Doctorate Thesis, 2006, 156.
[10]  Hellen Keller International and Programme Alimentaire Mondial. Baseline assessment of the nutritional status of children aged 6 to 59 months in rural regions of Maradi and Zinder. Report of 2 surveys. Niamey, 2005, 115.
[11]  World Health Organization. Infant and young child feeding, Fact sheet. WHO, 342, 2016. [Accessed in January 2017]
[12]  Kennedy, G., Ballard, T. and Dop M.C., Guideline for measuring household and individual dietary diversty. FAO, Rome, 2013, 53.
[13]  Cade, J., Thompson, R., Burley, V. and Warm, D., “Development, validation and utilization of food- frequency questionnaires, a review”, Public Health Nutrition, 5: 567-587, 2002.
[14]  INSTAT, DN/DNS. Enquête nutritionnelle anthropométrique et de mortalité rétrospective, Report, Mali, 2013, 96.
[15]  World Health Organization, Nutrition Landscape Information System (NLIS) country profile indicators: interpretation guide. WHO, Geneva, 2012, 50.
[16]  Aryee, F., Oduro, I., Ellis, W. and Afuakwa, J., “The physicochemical properties of flour samples from the roots of 31 varieties of cassava”, Journal of Food Control, 17: 916-922, 2006.
[17]  AOAC, Official Methods of Analysis. Association of official analytical chemists, 14th Edition, Sydney Williams, Association of Analytical Chemists inc., USA, 1990.
[18]  Dubois, M., Gilles, K., Hamilton, J., Rebers, P. and Smith, F., “Colorimetric methods for determination of sugars and related substances”, Analytical chemistry, 28: 350-356, 1956.
[19]  IITA (Institut International d’Agriculture Tropicale). Tuber and Root Crops Production Manual, (9): 244, 1982.
[20]  Dibi, K.E.B., Essis, B.S. and N’Zue, B., Techniques culturales de la patate douce Manuel de formation des agents de developpement et des producteurs. Appui à la promotion de la patate douce à chair orange / Projet Change. CNRA / HKI, 2015, 55.
[21]  Sangare, A., Koffi, E., Akamou, F. and Fall, A.C., State of the phytogenetic resources for the food and agriculture: Second national report/ratio. National report/ratio on the state of the phytogenetic resources for the food and agriculture, 2009, 65.
[22]  Ministry of agriculture, FAO and WHO, Thorough assessment of the food security of rural households in Côte d'Ivoire. Report. Abidjan, 2009, 79.
[23]  Loada, M., and Ouredraogo-Nikiema, L., Enquête nationale sur l’insécurité alimentaire et la malnutrition. Rapport final, Burkina Faso, 2009, 193.
[24]  Guého, M., Study on the causes of the food insecurity. Haiti, 2012, 93.
[25]  Health Ministry in charge of fighting AIDS, National nutrition survey based on SMART methodology. Final report. Abidjan, 2011, 84.
[26]  N’go, P.K., Azzaoui, F.Z., Ahami, A.O.T., Aboussaleh, Y., Lachheb, A. and Hamrani A., “Déterminants socioéconomiques, environnementaux et nutritionnels de l’échec scolaire : cas des enfants résidant en zone cacaoyère de Soubré (Côte d’Ivoire)”. Antropo, 28 : 63-70, 2012.
[27]  Kadam, M., Les déterminants de la malnutrition des enfants de moins de 5 ans au Tchad, Mémoire de master UNFPA, 2007, 54.
[28]  INS (Institut National de la Statistique) et ICF International. Enquête Démographique et de Santé et à Indicateurs Multiples de Côte d’Ivoire 2011-2012, Calverton, Maryland, USA : INS et ICF International, 2012, 561.
[29]  Koné, M.B., Traoré, S., Brou, K., Agbo, E. and Gnakri, D., “Assessment of serum calcium, serum iron and nutritional status among under-five children in six municipalities of Abidjan district, Côte d’Ivoire”, Int J Child Health Nutri, 3: 139-147, 2014.
[30]  Huong, L.T., Xuan, L.T.T., Phoung, L.H., Hugen, D.T.T. and Rocklv J., “Diet and nutritional status among children 24-59 months by seasons in a mountainous area of Northern Vietnam in 2012”, Glob Health Action, 7, 9, December 2014.
[31]  Pathleen, T. and Janet, Z., Cassava and sweetpotato: suitability of popular Caribbean varieties for value added product development, 2015, 51.
[32]  ITA (Food Institute of Technology). Guide for the valorization of potato in Mauritania, 2010, 24.
[33]  Kaboré, E., Tests of formulation and production of biscuits containing sweet potato with orange flesh, Memory of License. Polytechnic university of Dioulasso Sore, 2009, 45.
[34]  Kaboré, N., Optimization of the production of biscuits containing sweet potato with orange flesh, Memory of master. 2012, 76.
[35]  Badila, C., Diatewa, M., Ellaly, G.G. and Nguyen, D., Development of a manufacturing process of the banana plantain flours and sweet potato tubers: Development of the chemical characteristics of the flours, University Marien Ngouabi, Brazzaville, 2009, 63.