Journal of Food Security
ISSN (Print): 2372-0115 ISSN (Online): 2372-0107 Website: http://www.sciepub.com/journal/jfs Editor-in-chief: Apply for this position
Open Access
Journal Browser
Go
Journal of Food Security. 2018, 6(2), 67-73
DOI: 10.12691/jfs-6-2-3
Open AccessArticle

Assessing Food and Nutrition Training in Burkina Faso Using the “Auditing Instrument for Food Security in Higher education (AIFSHE)”

Salimata Pousga1, Olivier Bello2, Judith Ann Francis3 and Hamidou Boly4,

1Institut du Développement Rural, Université Nazi Boni, Bobo-Dioulasso, Burkina Faso

2NOESIS Consulting, Mountain Wilderness, The Netherland

3CTA, Wageningen, The Netherland

4ECOWAS, Abuja, Nigeria

Pub. Date: June 27, 2018

Cite this paper:
Salimata Pousga, Olivier Bello, Judith Ann Francis and Hamidou Boly. Assessing Food and Nutrition Training in Burkina Faso Using the “Auditing Instrument for Food Security in Higher education (AIFSHE)”. Journal of Food Security. 2018; 6(2):67-73. doi: 10.12691/jfs-6-2-3

Abstract

In Sub-Saharan Africa the food supply, determined by the performance of a largely subsistence and poorly structured agriculture, remains dependent on the climatic conditions. In such situation, the training on food and nutrition and the need of curricula review processes in agricultural higher education is an important issue. The present study aimed to assess the embodiment of the concept of food security in the agricultural department of the NAZI BONI University. The department was audited using the AIFSHE tool, and a total of fifty persons attended the audit. A survey was also carried out at university and research levels where three hundred and twenty eight persons responded, and a focus group discussion was done during a workshop where a total of one hundred and fifteen stakeholders participated. The results of the audit showed good results, about the network of the university and the educational methods and pedagogy. However, the vision and strategy for food security in the country are implicit and not well defined in the university documents. The surveys reported that the curricula and research topics contained very few aspects of food security. The workshop proposed that students should be allowed in the design of food security curricula and that the food security mission at university level should be clearly defined in an integrated coordinated manner by involving many ministries, to ensure a well-balanced approach to its dimensions. With respect to research, it was highlighted that the university could focus its research activities in the area of agricultural extension in order to contribute to improving food consumption at household level and the population welfare, with the best utilisation of national funding. The findings of the study imply that agricultural higher education has a key role to play to contribute to the achievement of food and nutrition security in the country, and therefore, policy makers should give opportunities and facilities to these institutions.

Keywords:
higher education Burkina Faso AIFSHE

Creative CommonsThis work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License. To view a copy of this license, visit http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/

Figures

Figure of 4

References:

[1]  Chagomoka, T., Drescher, A., Glaser, R., Marschner, B., Schlesinger, J. and Nyandoro, G., 2015. “Contribution of urban and periurban agriculture to household food and nutrition security along the urban–rural continuum in Ouagadougou, Burkina Faso. Renewable Agriculture and Food Systems: 32(1); 5-20.
 
[2]  WFP, 2014 : Analyse Globale de la Vulnérabilité, de la Sécurité Alimentaire et de la Nutrition (AGVSAN) au Burkina Faso.
 
[3]  Ministère de la Sante, 2016. Enquête nutritionnelle nationale. Rapport final, Décembre 2016.
 
[4]  ASARECA, (Association for Strengthening Agricultural Research in Eastern and Central Africa) 2010. Sharing regional innovations for food security: Technologies without borders: ASARECA annual report 2010, Mpigi Rd Entebbe, Uganda.
 
[5]  Balié, J., Fouilleux, E., 2008. “Enjeux et défis des politiques agricoles communes en Afrique: une mise en perspective avec l’expérience européenne”. Autrepart 46, 149-163.
 
[6]  Dury, S., Alpha, A., Bichard, A., 2015. “The negative side of the agricultural–nutrition impact pathways: a literature review”. World Food Policy 2 (Spring (1).
 
[7]  Alpha, A. et Fouilleux, E., 2017. “How to diagnose institutional conditions conducive to inter-sectoral food security policies?” The example of Burkina Faso. Wageningen Journal of Life Sciences (2017).
 
[8]  CTA (Centre des techniques Agricoles), 2013. Auditing Instrument for Food Security in Higher Education (AIFSHE). Education and Competence Studies Group, 2013, Wageningen University, The Netherlands. http://www.aifshe.cta.int/en/. [Accessed Mars. 8, 2018].
 
[9]  FAO, IFAD, and WFP 2014. The State of Food Insecurity in the World: Strengthening the Enabling Environment for Food Security and Nutrition. Food and Agricultural Organization of the United Nations, Rome.
 
[10]  FAO, 2015. The State of Food Insecurity in the World. Rome, Italy: United Nations Food and Agriculture Organization. URL. http://www.fao.org/hunger/glossary/en/[Accessed Mars. 30, 2018].
 
[11]  WHO, 2015. “Food Security”. Geneva, Switzerland: United Nations World Health Organization. URL http://www.who.int/trade/glossary/story028/en/. [Accessed Auguste. 2, 2017].
 
[12]  Berry, E.M., Dernini, S., Burlingame, B., Meybeck, A. and Conforti, P., 2015. “Food security and sustainability: can one exist without the other?” Public Health and Nutrition 18: 2293-2302
 
[13]  Sanfo, S.,Gerard, F., 2012. “Public policies for rural poverty alleviation: the case of agricultural households in the Plateau Central area of Burkina Faso”. Agricultural Systems, 110, 1-9.
 
[14]  Rodrik, D., 2010. “Diagnostics before prescription”. Journal of Economic perspectives 24 (Summer (3)): 33-34.
 
[15]  Challinor,A.,Wheeler,T.,Garforth,C.,Craufurd,P.,Kassam,A.,2007 “Assessing the vulnerability of food crop systems in Africa to climate change”. Climate Changes, 83(3), 381–399.
 
[16]  Cooper, P.J.M., Dimes, J., Rao, K.C.P., Shapiro, B., Shiferawa, B., Twomlow, S., 2008. “Coping better with current climatic variability in the rain-fed farming systems of Sub-Saharan Africa: an essential first step in adapting to future climate change?” Agriculture Ecosystem and Environment, 126, 24-35.
 
[17]  Wood, S.A., Jina, A.S., Jain, M., Kristjanson, P., DeFries, R.S., 2014. “Smallholder farmer cropping decisions related to climate variability across multiple regions”. Global Environmental Changes, 25, 163-172.
 
[18]  ACF (Action contre la Faim), 2013. “Sowing the Seeds of Good Nutrition”, Making Agricultural Policies Deliver Better Nutrition. Action contre la Faim.
 
[19]  IEH (Institute of Hunger Studies), 2012. A Comparative Study on Institutional Frameworks for Food Security and Nutrition at the National Level. IEH-FAO, INSD, 2015.
 
[20]  Rudolph, M., Kroll, F., Muchesa, E., Manderson, A., Berry, M., and Richard, N., 2018. “Food Insecurity and Coping Strategies amongst Students at University of Witwatersrand”. Journal of Food Security, 6(1), 20-25.
 
[21]  Freudenberg, J.S. and Middleton, R.H., 2001. Minimum variance control over a Gaussian communication channel- IEEE Transactions on - ieeexplore.ieee.org. [Accessed Nov. 2, 2017].
 
[22]  CTA (Centre des techniques Agricoles). Research on Higher Education and Science and Innovation Policy: Policy Implications. Lead Paper presented at: CTA International Forum - Unleashing Science, Technology and Innovation for Food and Nutrition Security With special focus on Africa, Caribbean and the Pacific - Developing a road map - 15-17 October 2014, NH Rijnhotel Arnhem, The Netherlands Published by CTA, http://knowledge.cta.int/ Edited by J.A. Francis, CTA. [Accessed Sept. 28, 2017].