Journal of Food Security
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Journal of Food Security. 2018, 6(1), 1-19
DOI: 10.12691/jfs-6-1-1
Open AccessArticle

Food Security in Rural Bangladesh: Examining the Role of Women’s Earnings and Food Budget Control

Faysal Ahmed Jamadder1,

1TUM School of Management, Technical University of Munich, Arcisstrasse 21, Munich – 80333, Germany

Pub. Date: January 05, 2018

Cite this paper:
Faysal Ahmed Jamadder. Food Security in Rural Bangladesh: Examining the Role of Women’s Earnings and Food Budget Control. Journal of Food Security. 2018; 6(1):1-19. doi: 10.12691/jfs-6-1-1


Household food security is vital to measure of a country’s advancement and well-being. Three mostly usage determinants to measure household food security are per capita daily calorie availability, dietary diversity, and individuals body mass index (BMI) scores. Food security condition in rural Bangladesh is vulnerable due to poverty, unavailability and high prices of food. Almost every year food price is increasing in Bangladesh due to the low level of production, improper market management and fraud business syndicate from some top traders. In Bangladesh, food production is affected by natural calamities such as the flood in monsoon period. Rice is considering as the leading food and dominating 70% of total calorie intake in rural Bangladesh. Rural inhabitants are consuming protein and micronutrient-rich food very infrequent. The main barriers to decrease the malnutrition rate are a lack of access to protein and micronutrient rich foods and inappropriate health services. Women and children are the primary targets of ensuring nutrition security in developing worlds. However, in rural Bangladesh, in practice, both women and children are getting fewer privileges regarding food consumption and health facilitates. The main objective of this paper is to examine the role of women’s earnings and food budget control. Very authentic, recognized and useful datasets are needed to get the precise insights and information about food security condition and the role of women in food security in the rural Bangladesh. Bangladesh Integrated Household Survey 2011-12 datasets are used for this study. Regression method is used to analyze the research objectives. This paper found that women control over food budget has positive roles to ensure food availability in the house and more dietary diversity. However, the BMI scores indicate that rural people are heavily under-weight and under-nutrition.

food security women earnings food budget food availability dietary diversity food utilization

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