Journal of Food Security
ISSN (Print): 2372-0115 ISSN (Online): 2372-0107 Website: Editor-in-chief: Monideepa Becerra
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Journal of Food Security. 2017, 5(4), 148-154
DOI: 10.12691/jfs-5-4-5
Open AccessArticle

Khat Production and Consumption; Its Implication on Land Area Used for Crop Production and Crop Variety Production among Rural Household of Ethiopia

Beyene Wondafrash Ademe1, 2, , Jennifer Coates C3, Anders Dalsgaard2, Leon Brimer2 and Tefera Belachew Lema4

1Jimma University, College of Public Health and Medical Sciences, Department of Population and Family Health, Jimma, Ethiopia

2Department of Veterinary and Animal Sciences, Faculty of Health and Medical Sciences, University of Copenhagen, Denmark

3Tufts University School of Nutrition Science and Policy, Boston, USA

4Department of Population and Family Health, College of Health Sciences, Jimma University, Ethiopia

Pub. Date: August 07, 2017

Cite this paper:
Beyene Wondafrash Ademe, Jennifer Coates C, Anders Dalsgaard, Leon Brimer and Tefera Belachew Lema. Khat Production and Consumption; Its Implication on Land Area Used for Crop Production and Crop Variety Production among Rural Household of Ethiopia. Journal of Food Security. 2017; 5(4):148-154. doi: 10.12691/jfs-5-4-5


Khat (Catha edulis Forsk), is a stimulant plant grown mainly in Ethiopia, Yemen and Kenya. Currently it is a ubiquitous commodity cultivated and chewed; imbedded in Ethiopian culture and agriculture. In a circumstance of land degradation and scarcity farmers consider Khat as a better small-scale faming alternative; however land disposition for Khat-mono-cropping can be a disadvantage. Adjusting for the sets of alternatives on the land area to be used for crop production and on-farm crop variety is a factor that determines Khat farmers’ household sustainable agriculture and livelihood. The dynamics in relation with rural households Khat production/consumption is not well explored. This study sets out to document the implication of farmers’ choice of Khat production and / or consumption on land use for crop production and crop variety production in rural households of Ethiopia. A panel survey using quantitative method was adopted. Data were collected in two regions of Ethiopia using pre-tested interviewer-administered questionnaire using Open Data Kit (ODK). Data were exported to STATA version SE 12(Stata Corp LP, College Station, Texas, USA). Multivariable linear regression model was run. A significantly higher proportion of Khat consumers were producers (P<0.001). Land size used for crop production increased by 0.2 units (hectares) for Khat consumers and producers as compared with No-Khat consumers and no-Khat producers’ households (β=0.20, p<0.001). The likely hood of having variety of crops is two times higher for Khat consumer and Khat producer households as compared with no-Khat consumers and no-Khat producers households (AOR: 2.00 [95%CI: 1.38, 2.91], p<0.001). Land tenure system and agricultural policy and interventions should consider this Khat cropping effect among households in Khat producing areas of the country. Khat cultivation and use should be understood in a proper context in association with economical; social, cultural and environmental reality.

Khat production and consumption Land area used for crop production crop variety production ODK

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