Journal of Food Security
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Journal of Food Security. 2015, 3(6), 137-144
DOI: 10.12691/jfs-3-6-1
Open AccessArticle

Food Security and Health in the Caribbean Imperatives for Policy Implementation

Ballayram1, , Beverly Lawrence1 and Fitzroy Henry2

1International Consultant

2College of Health Sciences, University of Technology, Jamaica

Pub. Date: January 09, 2016

Cite this paper:
Ballayram, Beverly Lawrence and Fitzroy Henry. Food Security and Health in the Caribbean Imperatives for Policy Implementation. Journal of Food Security. 2015; 3(6):137-144. doi: 10.12691/jfs-3-6-1

Abstract

This article discusses the food and nutrition security situation in CARICOM countries through the lens of a conceptual model that links food, nutrition and health. Based upon a review of relevant literature and judicious use of country-level official data, the authors make the case for policy makers to take a more proactive approach to the implementation of their respective national food and nutrition security policies. This recommendation is made in light of the increasing acuity of key food and nutrition security problems that continue to plague these countries, including high food import-dependence, and the prevalence of obesity and overweight, which are risk factors in the increasing prevalence of chronic, non-communicable diseases, the main public health problems in the region. These, and related food and nutrition security problems, continue to exist despite progress made by CARICOM countries at the policy level with the formulation of regional and national food and nutrition security policies, and associated action plans. Within these policies and action plans, food and nutrition security is conceptualized in terms of food availability, access, nutritional adequacy and the stability of these three components. Moreover, they stipulated food, nutrition and health goals for the agricultural and the entire food systems. Despite these achievements, the implementation of food and nutrition security policies and action plans in the region has not proceeded with the same urgency that motivated their formulation, namely to address the pressing food and nutrition problems in the countries of this region.

Keywords:
food security health policy caribbean

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