Journal of Food Security
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Journal of Food Security. 2015, 3(5), 125-136
DOI: 10.12691/jfs-3-5-2
Open AccessArticle

Community Based Risk Assessment of Agriculture Sector in Sreerampur Union of Bangladesh

AKM Abdul Ahad Biswas1, , Md. Tariqul Islam2, Md. Abdus Sattar1, Shamima Nasrin Mili2 and Tawrat Jahan2

1Department of Disaster Risk Management, Patuakhali Science and Technology University, Patuakhali, Bangladesh

2Faculty of Disaster Management, Patuakhali science and Technology University, Patuakhali, Bangladesh

Pub. Date: December 16, 2015

Cite this paper:
AKM Abdul Ahad Biswas, Md. Tariqul Islam, Md. Abdus Sattar, Shamima Nasrin Mili and Tawrat Jahan. Community Based Risk Assessment of Agriculture Sector in Sreerampur Union of Bangladesh. Journal of Food Security. 2015; 3(5):125-136. doi: 10.12691/jfs-3-5-2

Abstract

Community based risk assessment (cbRA) is process for assessing local hazards, vulnerabilities, risks; coping capacity and finally identified risk mitigations options are the ultimate outcome of cbRA. Selected study area was Sreerampur sub-sub district in Dumki sub district of Patuakhali district in Bangladesh aiming to gather information on local hazards; to assess community vulnerabilities, capacity, risks and existing adaptation measures adopted by agriculture farmers. Focus-group-discussions, key-informant-interviews, extensive physical visit and exploration of secondary data sources were followed to collect primary and secondary data. Result revealed that in Sreerampur no innovative adaptations options were practiced. Only alternative options are adopting to reduce risks which results higher production costs in agriculture and environmental degradation. Due to the changing trend in risk profiles; increasing its persistence time and frequency and intensity, farmer’s adaptation capacities and sustainability are more exposed to vulnerability. They are increasingly depending on the non-agricultural livelihood activities and migrating from nature based traditional on-farm livelihood to nonfarm livelihood as alternative options, not as innovative sustainable options. Therefore need community based hazard specific more research in agriculture to understand characteristics of hazard events, mode of impact and community based appropriate adaptive measures if we want community resilience in the country.

Keywords:
adaptation agriculture community farmers risk assessment

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